12. METALLIC NANOISLANDS ON GRAPHENE AS HIGHLY SENSITIVE TRANSDUCERS OF MECHANICAL, BIOLOGICAL, AND OPTICAL SIGNALS
Name: Aliaksandr Zaretski
Grad Year: 2016
This work describes an effect based on the wetting transparency of graphene: the morphology of a metallic film (≤20 nm) when deposited on graphene by evaporation depends strongly on the identity of the substrate supporting the graphene. This control permits the formation of a range of geometries: tightly packed nanospheres, nanocrystals, and island-like formations with controllable gaps down to 3 nm. These graphene-supported structures can be transferred to any surface and function as ultra-sensitive mechanical signal transducers with high sensitivity and range (at least four orders of magnitude of strain) for applications in structural health monitoring, electronic skin, measurement of the contractions of cardiomyocytes, and substrates for surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS, including on the tips of optical fibers). These composite films can thus be treated as a platform technology for multimodal sensing. Moreover, they are low profile, mechanically robust, semitransparent, and have the potential for reproducible manufacturing over large areas.
Industry Application Area(s)
Electronics/Photonics | Life Sciences/Medical Devices & Instruments | Materials