158. : DESIGN A PROGRAMMABLE AND DISPOSABLE ENDOSCOPE (SMART ENDOSCOPE) TO ELIMINATE OR REDUCE THE INFECTION RATE.

Department: Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering
Research Institute Affiliation: Center for Magnetic Recording Research (CMRR)
Faculty Advisor(s): Frank E. Talke | Vlado Lubarda

Primary Student
Name: Anay Mahesh Pandit
Email: apandit@ucsd.edu
Phone: 858-291-2096
Grad Year: 2017

Abstract
Even after following the prescribed steps in disinfecting and sterilizing an endoscope, there is a probability of a contaminant to be present on the endoscope. The previous incidences prove that there have been high rate of infection due to a presence of an antibacterial resistant bacteria, which in extreme conditions have also resulted in the death of patients. The other major factor of the infection is due to the injuries done to the organ in form of rupture. A solution to this problem is a programmable and a disposable endoscope, which can not only provide better safety but also help in reduction of the infection rate by reducing the possible injuries to the organs and eradicating the chance of contamination. Presently in USA there are approximate 5000 cases on a daily bases which report an internal organ problem and most of them require a screening to be done using endoscopes. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control there are yearly 2 million people who suffer from the infection due to the antibacterial resistant bacteria and approximately 20000 of them die due the infection. In most of the cases the infection is due to presence of a subgroup of Enterobacteriaceae bacteria named CRE or super-bug which is hard to treat. There is a high probability of an individual to die after getting infected by CRE and mostly the CRE infection is due to the re-use of the endoscope. Even after following the cleaning steps and disinfecting methods there is a sizeable chance of infection to spread out. Thus it is a need to develop an endoscope in the medical device community which will eliminate the probability of the bacteria entering the body. Furthermore, a programmable and disposable endoscope would be a major landmark advance for endoscopy management. There have been recent advancements in manufacturing techniques which have resulted in many breakthroughs in medical device field. One of them is 3-D printing which has contributed a lot in advancement in technology field. Thus developing a programmable, disposable endoscope which is biocompatible is possible using this fabrication technique of 3-D printing, which has the same function ability as the current endoscopes but without the risk of contamination.

Industry Application Area(s)
Life Sciences/Medical Devices & Instruments

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