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5.22.17 Orthopedics This Week
"Artificial Bone Tissue Could Produce Marrow"
Despite the fact that physicians extract compatible bone marrow from thousands of donors for their patients, roughly 20,000 other patients are left waiting every year for a bone marrow transplant that could cure them of bone marrow diseases. Now scientists from the University of California at San Diego have created "biomimetic" bone tissue which could one day provide bone marrow for those needing transplants. This would do away with waiting lists and the hunt for a donor?as well as making the procedure less extreme.

5.19.17 Science Alert
"This New Device Can Hear The Actual Sounds Made by Individual Cells"
Engineers have created a nano-sized optical fibre that can sense impossibly small forces, from the turbulence generated by swimming bacteria to the sound waves made by the beating of heart cells. Sensing in biological systems could even allow us to monitor individual cells and alert us to the subtle process of a normal cell turning cancerous.

5.19.17 The New York Times
"Fiat Chrysler to Modify 100,000 Vehicles After Accusations of Emissions Cheating"
Fiat Chrysler said on Friday that it would modify around 100,000 diesel vehicles in an effort to reach a settlement with United States regulators, as separate academic studies provided mounting evidence that the carmaker had installed software meant to evade emissions standards. The move came a day after the company said it was in talks to resolve a Justice Department investigation. The case bears striking similarities to a Volkswagen scandal in which several executives have been investigated or charged, with the German carmaker paying tens of billions of dollars in fines,

5.19.17 IFL Science!
"This Awesome Little 3D-Printed Robot Could One Day Help With Search And Rescue"
A high-end 3D-printer was used in the creation of this soft robot at University of California San Diego.

5.19.17 Tech Crunch
"3D printing soft legs can help a robot walk across rough and rocky terrain"
A team of engineers at the University of California San Diego have applied the biologically inspired principles of soft robotics in order to develop a robot capable of navigating uneven terrain like rocks and sand. The soft and pliable materials mean the robot's four legs are capable of conforming to their surrounds, so its on-board sensors don't need a precise picture of the ground in traverse it. If the system encounters an uneven spot, it can simply adapt its gait.

5.19.17 Physics World
"Nanofibre measures forces from swimming bacteria"
A tiny "force probe" that can measure sub-piconewton forces when inserted directly into liquid media has been created by researchers in the US. The team says that it used the probe to detect the tiny forces associated with swimming bacteria and heart-muscle cells. The researchers suggest that the technique could be used to create miniature stethoscopes. A leading biophysicist, however, says more work must be done on characterizing the device before he is convinced of its efficacy.

5.18.17 Photonics.com
"Nanofiber Device Detects Forces and Sound Waves from Live Cells"
A novel nano-sized optical fiber, about 100 times thinner than a human hair, is sensitive enough to detect forces down to 160 femtonewtons (fN) (about ten trillion times smaller than a newton) when placed in a solution containing live Helicobacter pylori bacteria. In cultures of beating heart muscle cells from mice, the nanofiber demonstrated the ability to detect sounds down to -30 decibels ? a level 1,000 times below the limit of the human ear. The compact Nanofiber Optic Force Transducer uses near-field plasmon-dielectric interactions to measure local forces with a sensitivity of <200 fN.

5.18.17 The New York Times
"Fiat Chrysler, in Settlement Talks With U.S., Is Under More Pressure"
Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, one of the world's biggest carmakers, said on Thursday that it was in talks with the Department of Justice to settle an investigation into diesel deception, as growing evidence points to the carmaker's use of illegal software to evade emissions tests. The settlement talks add to the pressure on Fiat Chrysler at a time of meager profitability. The German carmaker Volkswagen, which faced a similar scandal, has been hit with billions of dollars of settlements and fines, and seen several executives investigated or charged.

5.18.17 Engadget
"Soft-legged robot is designed for rescue missions"
Soft robots typically have squishy bodies and limbs so that they can squeeze into the tightest spaces. If they're to be used for search and reconnaissance missions, though, they'll need to be able to navigate rough terrains. A team of engineers from the University of California San Diego have created a soft robot that can do just that. They made a four-legged machine that can not only wriggle into confined spaces, but also climb over obstacles and walk on sand, pebbles, rocks and even inclined surfaces. The team's secret? A high-end 3D printer that can print soft and rigid materials togethe

5.18.17 Slash Gear
"The 'soft' 3D-printed robot can walk on rough surfaces"
University of California San Diego mechanical engineering professor Michael Tolley and a team of researchers have created what is said to be the first 'soft' robot that is able to handle traveling on rough terrain. The robot features a total of four legs that were made using 3D-printing, and with them the robot is able to walk across rough surfaces like sand, as well as crawling over larger objects. The company demonstrated the robot's walking capabilities in a video.

5.17.17 NBC 7 San Diego
"Robots for Good"
A video clip from a NBC San Diego news segment highlighting a few of the robots that we are developing to do good here at the Jacobs School of Engineering. One of them is a rough-terrain traversing soft robot from Mike Tolley?s lab. Related Jacobs School Link »

5.17.17 Optics & Photonics
"Nanoscale Fiber Feels Femtonewton Forces"
Conventional optical fibers make great sensors in the macroscopic world, but they're much too big to detect forces created by swimming bacteria. Now, researchers at a U.S. university have fabricated nanoscale fibers that can feel moving microorganisms and hear the sounds of living cells (Nature Photon., doi:10.1038/nphoton.2017.74).

5.17.17 PC Magazine
"3D-printed soft, four-legged robot can walk on sand"
US engineers have developed a 3D-printed, four-legged robot that is capable of walking on rough surfaces such as sand and pebbles, the media reported on Wednesday. Researchers led by Michael Tolley, a mechanical engineering professor at the University of California San Diego (UCSD), will present the robot at the IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation scheduled for May 29 to June 3 in Singapore, Xinhua news agency reported. The soft-legged robot could be used to capture sensor readings in dangerous environments or for search and rescue, researchers said.

5.17.17 Gizmodo
"3D-printed soft, four-legged robot can walk on sand"
US engineers have developed a 3D-printed, four-legged robot that is capable of walking on rough surfaces such as sand and pebbles, the media reported on Wednesday. Researchers led by Michael Tolley, a mechanical engineering professor at the University of California San Diego (UCSD), will present the robot at the IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation scheduled for May 29 to June 3 in Singapore, Xinhua news agency reported.

5.17.17 New Atlas
"3D-printed robot has first soft legs to tackle tough terrain"
In the world of robotics, researchers are going soft - in their designs at least. Soft robots have some advantages over their more rigid brethren but till now, they've not been able to do much other than wriggle around. An advance from UC San Diego has changed that by creating a bot with a firm body and soft legs that can wander over difficult ground like sand or pebbles. Soft robots hold promise because, unlike bots that are made from hard plastics and metal, they can bump into things - including humans - and not cause any damage. This makes them ideal for use in factories, hospitals

5.17.17 ZD Net
"Watch this 3D-printed robot walk on sand"
Lately, there has been lots of buzz about collaborative robots, or co-bots, which are robots designed to work alongside humans. Before we let robots out of their cages, they have to become safer than their metal predecessors. If robots are made of softer materials, it won't be a big deal if they accidentally bump into someone or something. Then again, robots still have to be at least somewhat rigid in order to be effective for most applications. Now, engineers at the University of California San Diego have used a 3D printer to make a robot from a mix of both hard and soft materials.

5.16.17 STAT
"A tiny device that can hear beating heart cells"
Scientists have created a tiny, nano-sized sensor that can pick up on the force of bacteria swimming in a dish and can detect the sound of a beating heart cell. It?s an optical fiber 100 times thinner than a single human hair. Here?s what nanoengineer Donald Sirbuly of the University of California, San Diego, told me about the work, published in Nature Photonics.

5.16.17 Wall Street Pit
"New Discovery Could Soon Replace The Painful Bone Marrow Transplant"
Patients dealing with blood and immune disorders, especially those in the most advanced stages, often have no choice but to undergo bone marrow transplants. Ironically, even if the treatment can be life-saving, it would only work when the bone marrow cells of the recipients are completely eliminated using drugs and radiation. And this could cause serious negative side effects such as organ damage, cataracts, infertility, new cancers, and even death. Thanks to the work of engineers at the University of California San Diego, that kind of bone marrow transplant may soon be rendered obsolete.

5.16.17 New Atlas
"Super-sensitive nanofiber can hear individual cells and detect swimming bacteria"
With the development of a nano-scale optic fiber detector around 100 times thinner than a human hair, researchers at the University of California San Diego (UCSD) have created a tiny device so sensitive it can detect the minuscule waves produced by swimming bacteria and hear sounds a thousand times below the threshold of human hearing, such as the beating of individual muscle cells of the heart.

5.16.17 The Stem Cellular
"UCSD scientists devise tiny sensors that detect forces at cellular level"
A big focus of stem cell research is trying to figure how to make a stem cell specialize, or differentiate, into a desired cell type like muscle, liver or bone. Affecting a cell's shape through mechanical forces plays a profound role in gene activity and determining a cell's fate. The strength of these mechanical forces is tiny, making measurements nearly impossible. But now, a research team at UC San Diego has engineered a device 100 times thinner than a human hair that can detect these miniscule forces. The study, funded in part by CIRM, was reported yesterday in Nature Photonics.

5.16.17 Newsline
"New nano fiber can listen to cells, like a tiny stethoscope"
Researchers at the University of California San Diego have created a nano-sized optical fiber capable of listening to and sensing the forces created by cells. The device - a sort of stethoscope for individual cells - measures just a few hundred nanometers across, 100-times thinner than a strand of human hair. The fiber is 10 times more sensitive than an atomic force microscope. When scientists placed the device in a solution containing a small sample of common gut microbes, the fiber was able to detect forces ten trillion times smaller than a single newton.

5.16.17 NBC 7 San Diego
"Students Develop Advanced Robotics with Real World Application"
Students at UC San Diego are designing robots that can be used in various real world and virtual reality settings. NBC 7's Bridget Naso has more.

5.16.17 NBC 7 San Diego
"UC San Diego Lab Developing Robots For Use by Military and Daily Life"
At the University of California, San Diego Contextual Robotics Institute, students are building innovative robots that can be used for military applications and in daily life. For the U.S. military, those robots can be lifesaving when troops are faced with the unknown on the battleground.

5.16.17 New China
"3D-printed soft, four-legged robot can walk on sand"
U.S. engineers have developed a 3D-printed, four-legged robot that is capable of walking on rough surfaces, such as sand and pebbles. Researchers led by Michael Tolley, a mechanical engineering professor at the University of California San Diego (UCSD), will present the robot at the IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation scheduled for May 29-June 3 in Singapore. The soft-legged robot could be used to capture sensor readings in dangerous environments or for search and rescue, researchers said.

5.15.17 The San Diego Union Tribune
"Optical nanofiber can 'hear' bacteria swim, cancer cells move"
At the macroscopic level that's familiar to us, birds chirp, whales sing and we talk. But at the microscopic level, our cells pulsate, bacteria swim and pressure waves ripple on a scale we can't reach. UC San Diego engineers have developed a tool to access that realm: an optical nanofiber that deforms in response to ultra-minute forces, sending patterns of light detectable by a microscope. With this device, subtle motions of cells associated with biological processes. These potentially include motions pertaining to cancer and stem cell development.

5.15.17 UPI
"New nano fiber can listen to cells, like a tiny stethoscope"
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego have created a nano-sized optical fiber capable of listening to and sensing the forces created by cells. The device -- a sort of stethoscope for individual cells -- measures just a few hundred nanometers across, 100-times thinner than a strand of human hair. The fiber is 10 times more sensitive than an atomic force microscope. In a solution containing a small sample of common gut microbes, the fiber was able to detect forces ten trillion times smaller than a single newton.

5.15.17 Motherboard
"New Nanofibers Detect Motion of Individual Bacteria, Muscle cells"
With a diameter of about .5 micrometers, H. pylori is among the smaller bacteria. At these scales, approaching the wavelength of infrared radiation, we even start to have a hard time talking about "things" at all. Observing the interactions and changes associated with those things typically requires an atomic force microscope, and, even then, is imprecise. Thanks to engineers at the University of California San Diego's Sirbuly Lab we have a new window into this supertiny world in the form of a nanoscale optical fiber.

5.12.17 The San Diego Union Tribune
"Engineered bone marrow may ease transplants"
Bioengineers at UC San Diego have grown marrow-containing bone that in animal studies functions similarly to real bone marrow. The engineered bone marrow might one day help ease the stress of human bone marrow transplants, the researchers say.

5.11.17 Reuters
"Smart glove could help measure muscle stiffness"
Mike Crossley was born with cerebral palsy, a neurological disorder that has among its symptoms muscle stiffness. Doctors assess the degree of his muscle stiffness using touch and feel during physical exams, grading it on a subjective rating scale they use to decide on medications and therapies. The problem is that the scale often produces inconsistent results. A team at UC San Diego and Rady Children's Hospital have come up with a solution?a sensor-filled glove for doctors to wear that measures the amount of force and speed needed to move a patient's limb.

5.10.17 STAT
"Lab Chat: Growing bone marrow to improve transplants"
Scientists have created lab-grown tissue that looks like a bone and acts like a bone ? and they?re hopeful it one day can serve as a source of bone marrow for patients who need a transplant. Here?s what study author Shyni Varghese of University of California, San Diego told me about the work, published in PNAS.

5.9.17 The Scientist
"Synthetic Bones: A Better Bone-Marrow Transplant?"
People with diseases of the blood often need bone marrow transplants to replace their blood-forming stem cells with those from healthy donors. But before those transplants, patients must eliminate their own bone marrow lest it compete with the introduced cells, and that process, which involves high doses of radiation and often drug treatments, too, has notoriously awful side effects, including nausea and fatigue. Shyni Varghese of University of California, San Diego, and her colleagues have devised a way to skip this step by creating a synthetic bone.

5.9.17 Gizmodo
"This Synthetic Bone Implant Could Replace Painful Marrow Transplants"
Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed a synthetic bone implant with functional marrow able to produce its own blood cells. So far, researchers revealed in a paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences this week, they have successfully tested the engineered bone tissues in mice. But one day, those biomimetic bone tissues could provide new bone marrow for human patients in need of transplants, too.

5.9.17 Nature World News
"Scientists Develop Synthetic Bone Implant for Safer Marrow Transplants"
Scientists developed synthetic bone tissue that could revolutionize bone marrow transplants that traditionally produce a lot of negative side effects. Patients in need of bone marrow transplants are typically subjected to radiation treatment to clear space in the marrow by killing the stem cells that can compete with donor cells. Side effects from this treatment can be a problem. In response, bioengineers from UC San Diego created a bone-like implant that offers donor cells their own space to live and grow. With their own space, there's no need to kill the existing stem cells in the marrow.

5.9.17 Futurism
"A New Implant Could Eliminate the Side Effects of a Potentially Life-Saving Procedure"
A new synthetic bone implant could ensure treatment for a variety of immune and blood disorders without the negative side effects of a traditional bone marrow transplant.

5.8.17 New Scientist
"Synthetic bone implant can make blood cells in its marrow"
Scientists have engineered a bone-like implant to have its own working marrow that is capable of producing healthy blood. The implant may help treat several blood and immune disorders without the side effects of current treatments.

5.8.17 KPBS
"UC San Diego Engineers Build Working Bone Transplants For Mice"
For a new study, scientists at UC San Diego have created bioengineered bone tissue that acts similar to real bone when transplanted into mice. The researchers used calcium phosphate minerals to build a scaffolding for the outer layer of bone, which was able to support stem cells that formed bone-like tissue. Within the bone, stem cells from a donor mouse were able to turn into working marrow when transplanted into a host mouse.

5.8.17 New Atlas
"Scientists create bioengineered bone for marrow transplants"
Bone marrow transplants are one of the more unpleasant medical procedures, with much of the discomfort due to the need to kill off the old marrow cells before introducing new ones. At the University of California San Diego (UCSD) Jacobs School of Engineering, a team of bioengineers led by Shyni Varghese is working on a type of artificial bone that may one day allow doctors to conduct bone marrow transplants with fewer side effects.

5.5.17 PBS
"Compressing Martian Soil Makes It Stronger than Steel-Reinforced Concrete"
In 2033, NASA hopes to carry out a crewed mission to Mars. But they don't want to stop there. Eventually, they want to build an outpost on the Red Planet.That's no small feat. A true colony on Mars would require proper infrastructure to withstand the harsh living conditions, and shipping the necessary materials there could be costly. Now, researchers may have found a way to use Mars' own soil to withstand the planet's 60 mph winds.

5.2.17 Xconomy
"Smarr, Others Talk Healthtech, Al at Xconomy's Impact of Innovation"
In the not-too-distant future, a "planetary" computer will be able to create a computational model of your body, with the ability to run simulations of your health and to anticipate chronic disease before you show any symptoms. This is the direction we're headed, according to Larry Smarr, founding director of the California Institute of Telecommunications & Information Technology at UC San Diego. While his expertise lies in computer networks and infrastructure, Smarr has emerged as a de facto leader in quantified health - largely due to his relentless curiosity about his own health.

5.2.17 The San Diego Union Tribune
"Come learn about future of hacking, social media and Internet of Things"
If you've been online lately, you may be asking yourself, "What threat do I face next?" Hackers are increasingly placing malicious software on people's computers and holding them for ransom. They're also attacking many of the Internet-connected appliances and devices in your home -- things like security cameras and baby cams and "smart refrigerators." Hackers also are turning Facebook and other social media sites into digital minefields, placing hard-to-detect malware in advertisements and news stories. How bad are things going to get, and what can you do about it?

5.1.17 Smithsonian
"Scientists Make Sturdy Bricks From Mars-Like Soils"
One of the many hurdles standing in the way of a manned mission to Mars is the question of how to build structures on the Red Planet. Transporting all of the materials necessary for space construction would be absurdly expensive, so scientists have proposed a number of alternatives that rely on Martian resources, such as setting up a nuclear-powered kiln, or turning organic compounds on Mars into binding polymers. But a team of scientists at the University of California, San Diego may have (literally) hit upon a much simpler solution: take some Martian soil and squeeze.

4.28.17 Mirror UK
"The future of homes for humans on Mars has been revealed as mission prepares to explore Red Planet"
The first humans to colonise Mars will live in brick houses made from the Red Planet's own distinct soil, according to new research. And the pioneers won't even have to take an oven or any extra building materials to create the Martian masonry , according to the study. Instead, they would just need to apply pressure to compact the soil that is already there - the equivalent of a blow from a hammer. Using soil that mirrors that found on Mars, they were able to form a brick at ambient temperature that was similar to dense rock, and stronger than steel enforced concrete.

4.28.17 Popular Mechanics
"Here's How to Make Bricks Out of Mars Soil (Maybe)"
With governments and businesses alike looking towards Martian travel, they're looking to keep costs as low as possible. This means it would be ideal to bring up no construction equipment at all and 3D print everything you need on the planet. Homes are already being built though 3D printing here on Earth, after all. But the Red Planet's soil is different that Earth's. The particles in Mars' soil "do not adhere to each other when compressed, unless if heated to a high temperature," says a paper by the scientists published in Scientific Reports.

4.28.17 New York Times
"If Mars Is Colonized, We May Not Need to Ship In the Bricks"
We often wonder if somewhere hidden on Mars are the building blocks for life. But what about building blocks for a civilization? A new study suggests that the material humanity needs to one day construct houses, buildings and even entire colonies on Mars may already exist within the red planet?s own desolate soil. The research is still early and the technology is unlikely to be ready in time to meet President Trump's stated goal of putting people on Mars by the end of his first term, but it could lay the groundwork for settlement of the planet if further study and testing confirms its finding

4.28.17 Mental Floss
"A No-Bake Method for Making Bricks on Mars"
As anybody who's ever tried to cram a week's worth of clothes into a carry-on suitcase can attest, smart packing is key. Nowhere is this truer than on missions to space, where every single ounce counts. Now engineers have figured out a way to ditch one bulky item: the chemistry equipment that Martian settlers would need to turn the planet's dirt into bricks. They published their research in the journal Scientific Reports.

4.27.17 Independent
"'Incredibly brave' Mars colonists could live in red-brick houses, say engineers"
The "incredibly brave" people who make the first journey to Mar will need somewhere to live. And an engineer has discovered a way to make bricks from the planet's red soil without a kiln or any other ingredients. Instead, the bricks could be made be simply pounding the soil with a hammer, according to tests carried out in California. In March, Donald Trump signed an order directing Nasa to send astronauts to Mars in 2033, confirming plans drawn up under Barack Obama in 2010.

4.27.17 Wired UK
"It's much easier to make bricks out of Martian soil than we thought"
Martian soil is surprisingly good for making bricks it seems. All it takes is a little pressure. A team at the University of California San Diego has found that the soil, created from compounds on Earth mixed together to mimic the soil samples collected by the Mars rover, can be fashioned into materials needed for building a manned habitat on the red planet, without the need to "bake" the soil. Despite some scepticism (Neil de Grasse Tyson recently told WIRED mankind will never step foot on Mars), researchers are continuing to set their sights on our neighbouring planet.

4.27.17 The San Diego Union Tribune
"UCSD might have found easier way to build habitats on Mars"
Building living quarters on Mars may be easier than once thought. UC San Diego engineers announced Thursday that they used a hammer-like device to compact Mars-like soil into tiny bricks that are about the size as the tip of a human index finger. If the technique can be scaled up, it might represent a way for robotic rovers, and maybe astronauts, to produce bricks large enough to be used to build a human habitat. The proof-of-concept work was published Thursday in the journal Nature Scientific Reports.

4.27.17 Forbes
"Mars Colonists Can Turn Soil Into Bricks In A Few Hammer Blows"
Mars colonists could be able to build themselves handsome red-brick dwellings with very little trouble at all - just a few swings of a hammer. Engineers from the University of California San Diego have studied how Martian soil reacts to being put under pressure and discovered that people could craft bricks from the soil with the equivalent of a hammer blow. "The people who will go to Mars will be incredibly brave. They will be pioneers. And I would be honored to be their brick maker," said Yu Qiao, a professor of structural engineering at UC San Diego and the study's lead author

4.27.17 USA Today
"Scientists found a no-frills way to build on Mars"
A group of engineers found a way to build on Mars using nothing but the Red Planet's soil, a discovery they said could be used to eventually build structures on the Red Planet. The University of California San Diego team discovered Martian soil can be made into bricks stronger than steel-reinforced concrete by simply using the right amount of pressure. That means no oven to bake the bricks or any other additional ingredients. "The people who will go to Mars will be incredibly brave," lead author Yu Qiao pronounced. "They will be pioneers. And I would be honored to be their brick maker."

4.27.17 Yahoo! News
"Home-made bricks for a habitat on Mars"
Scientists said Thursday that they have manufactured tiny bricks out of artificial Martian soil, anticipating the day when humans may construct colonies on the Red Planet. Remarkably, the technique requires only that the red-hued building blocks be compressed in a precise way -- no additives or baking required. "The people who will go to Mars will be incredibly brave, they will be pioneers and I would be honoured to be their brick maker," said Yu Qiao, a professor at the University of California San Diego and lead author of a study in Scientific Reports.

4.27.17 Engadget
"Mars-like soil makes super strong bricks when compressed"
Elon Musk's vision of Mars colonization has us living under geodesic domes made of carbon fiber and glass. But, according to a study recently published in the journal Scientific Reports, those domes may end up being made of brick, pressed from the Martian soil itself. A team of NASA-funded researchers from UC San Diego, and led by structural engineer Yu Qiao, made the surprising discovery using simulated Martian soil -- that's dirt from Earth which has nearly the same physical and chemical properties.

4.27.17 the Verge
"Mars-like soil can be pressed into strong bricks-which could make building easier on the Red Planet"
Simulated Mars soil can be packed together into a solid brick-like material - without needing any added ingredients to hold it together. That might mean real Martian soil could be easily used as a tool for building structures like habitats on the Red Planet's surface, which could make human missions to Mars less complicated to pull off. A group of engineers figured this out by using a high-pressure hammer to mash together material known as Mars soil simulant. It's a collection of rocks from Earth that have the same chemical makeup as the dirt found on Mars,

4.27.17 Motherboard
"Future Martians May Be Living in Houses Made of Mushrooms, Bone, and Dust"
Now that NASA and SpaceX have set their sights on Mars as the next destination for human exploration, one of the most pressing problems is how astronauts will go about living on the Red Planet once they get there. To this end, researchers around the globe are working on everything from space farming to the interplanetary internet, but some of the most exciting developments are happening in Martian home design. So far, all the ideas for Martian habitats have been pretty unremarkable, generally adopting some variation of the 'tin can' or 'bounce house' design.

4.27.17 Popular Science
"Bricks made from fake Martian soil are surprisingly strong"
If you think building a house on Earth is hard, try building one on Mars. Every pound of material that we ship to the red planet will cost thousands of dollars, so scientists want to construct our future martian colonies out of locally sourced materials?namely, martian dirt. But that?s more difficult than it sounds. Mars is cold, which makes 3D printing with wet martian concrete a challenge. We could melt the regolith into lava and pour it into molds, or melt it with lasers, but both of those methods would take a lot of energy.

4.27.17 Outer Places
"This High-Tech Medical Glove Looks Like the Nintendo Power Glove"
When Nintendo released the Power Glove in 1989, a generation of kids immediately became convinced that the future was now, old man. Within a year, however, the Power Glove proved to be a clunky, ineffective piece of junk that didn't do much besides look cool. Since then, the Power Glove is mostly a collector's item, except for that one the Robot Chicken staff jury-rigged for animating stop-motion scenes. Now, however, we may be seeing its reincarnation in this awesome medical glove designed by the engineering department at UC San Diego:

4.25.17 Cerebral Palsy News Today
"New Glove Measuring Muscle Stiffness May Improve Diagnosis, Treatment of Cerebral Palsy"
Researchers at the University of California San Diego and Rady Children?s Hospital have developed a glove that uses robotic technology to accurately measure muscle stiffness during physical exams. This device may help improve the diagnosis and treatment of people with muscle stiffness caused by cerebral palsy (CP) and other diseases.

4.21.17 New Atlas
"Smart glove measures muscle stiffness"
When it comes to assessing chronic muscle stiffness of patients with conditions such as cerebral palsy and multiple sclerosis, doctors pretty much just go by feel. They bend the affected limbs back and forth, then assign them a rating on a six-point scale. The problem is, the system is very subjective--different doctors could assign different ratings to the same patient, resulting in either more or less medication than is actually needed. That's why a team from the University of California San Diego and Rady Children's Hospital are developing a glove that measures muscle stiffness objectivel

4.20.17 The San Diego Union Tribune
"New glove might give doctors a way to measure a patient's muscle strength"
UC San Diego has developed a sensor-rich glove that could enable doctors to better measure the muscle strength of people who suffer from cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, stroke and other disorders.

4.20.17 Sputnik
"Aye, Robot? Moral Dilemmas, Fears Spring Up From Increasing Automation"
According to Professor Henrik Iskov Christensen, who heads a robot research center at the University of California in San Diego and has held similar top posts at other universities in the US and Europe, mankind should be extremely careful not to let robots call the shots. "If we are not careful, there is a risk. There is technology that we cannot always control, and there are possibilities that it may go crazy, just look at viruses on the internet," Henrik Iskov Christensen told Danish Radio.

4.19.17 Breaking Energy
"Microgrids May Not Promulgate Renewable Energy"
Microgrids are one of the hottest trends in energy recently, so much so that many have been speculated as the future for the country in which microgrids are supplying everyone with clean energy. Microgrids, however, should not necessarily be associated with clean energy. In fact, many microgrids actually rely on fossil fuels. As per usual, microgrids running on, say natural gas, are much cheaper than those which run on solar. Related Jacobs School Link »

4.18.17 Science Daily
"Pinning down fraudulent business listings on Google maps"
A partnership between computer scientists at the University of California San Diego and Google has allowed the search giant to reduce by 70 percent fraudulent business listings in Google Maps. The researchers worked together to analyze more than 100,000 fraudulent listings to determine how scammers had been able to avoid detection -- albeit for a limited amount of time -- and how they made money.

4.13.17 Cosmos
"Nanowires recording neuronal activity"
A team led by engineers at the University of California San Diego has developed nanowires that can record the electrical activity of neurons in fine detail. The team believe the new technology could one day serve as a platform to screen drugs for neurological diseases and enable researchers to better understand how single cells communicate in large neuronal networks.

4.13.17 medGadget
"Silicon Nanowire Array Can Measure Electrical Responses in Neurons"
Researchers at the University of California San Diego have developed a silicon nanowire array that can sensitively measure the electrical activity of neurons. It is hoped that the device could be used to screen drugs for neurological diseases, as it could measure the response of neurons to different drugs.

4.12.17 The Engineer
"Nanowires record notifications from neurons"
Engineers have led a team in the development of nanowires that record the electrical activity of neurons, an advance that could lead to a greater understanding of the brain.

4.12.17 R&D Magazine
"Novel Nanowires Could Help Develop Neurological Drug Treatments"
Newly developed nanowires that can record the electrical activity of neurons in detail, may be the key to the next generation of drugs to treat neurological diseases. A team led by engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed new nanowire technology, which could one day serve as a platform to screen drugs for neurological diseases, enabling researchers to better understand how single cells communicate in large neuronal networks.

4.12.17 Azo Nano
"Non-Destructive Nanowire Technology Could Quicken Development of Drugs to Treat Neurological Diseases"
Nanowires capable of recording the electrical activity of neurons in fine detail have been developed by a research team led by engineers at the University of California San Diego. This new nanowire technology could be a futuristic platform to screen drugs for neurological diseases and could enable scientists to properly understand how single cells communicate in large neuronal networks.

4.12.17 The Times UK
"Google Maps plagued by fake listings"
Tens of thousands of fake businesses are listed on Google Maps each month by fraudsters looking to scam customers into paying inflated fees. Researchers at Google and the University of California San Diego analysed 100,000 false businesses taken down from the site between June 2014 and September 2015. Locksmiths, plumbers, electricians and pizza delivery companies list themselves and a phone number at a location on Google Maps despite not having premises.

4.12.17 KPBS
"San Diego Computer Scientists Help google Crack Down On Fake Listings"
When you are locked out of your car, Google Maps might seem like a great way to find a locksmith near you. But the listing closest to you might be fake. The address could be nothing more than a P.O. box, and what looks like a local phone number could lead you to a remote call center. Based on some reports, you could end up dealing with a shady subcontractor who will charge much more than the rate you thought you would be paying. "Scammers were planting fake pins around the map - in this case, locksmiths - to create a false sense of proximity," said UC San Diego CS PhD student Danny Huang.

4.10.17 Daily Mail UK
"Beware of the Google Maps scam: Researchers find fraudsters adding tens of thousands of fake business to redirect customers to bogus listings"
Tens of thousands of fake listings are added to Google Maps each month that scam consumers into employing unaccredited contractors, a new study has found. The search giant, in collaboration with the University of California, San Diego, has discovered scammers are a setting up their business location at a specific address, but are listing a fake suite number that the U.S. Postal Service has verified. When a potential victim calls the 'contractors' for a service, a fraud representative gives them a cheap price quote - but the contractor coerces them into paying more on site.

4.9.17 Aerotoxic Association
"Lab-on-a-glove: Swipe right on nerve agents ? OP testing gloves"
The glove detects dangerous OP compounds. Yes, that?s right ? a wearable device that scans for toxic chemicals simply by swiping. We take it stirred, not shaken. The glove is a wearable chemical sensor that can single-handedly identify OP compounds present on surfaces and agricultural products. OP compounds are a group of toxic phosphorus-containing organic chemicals that can be found in nerve agents like sarin, and some pesticides. They work by attacking the nervous systems of humans and insects. In 1995, Aum Shinrikyo terrorists famously released sarin on the Tokyo subway, killing 12 people.

4.7.17 New Scientist
"Thousands of fake companies added to Google Maps every month"
Local businesses on Google Maps aren't always as local as they seem. Tens of thousands of bogus listings are added to Google Maps every month, directing browsing traffic towards fraudulent schemes, finds a team of researchers at Google and the University of San Diego, California. As an example, a fraudster might list a locksmiths at a location on Google Maps when they don't actually have premises there. When a potential customer calls the phone number listed, they are put through to a central call centre that hires unaccredited contractors to do jobs all over.

4.7.17 Fortune
"This Is How Scammers Were Able to Game Google Maps"
It's now easier than ever to find a plumber to fix your leaky toilet by simply searching Google Maps for nearby journeymen. However, there's a chance that the plumbers you may contact could be scammers who got their bogus listings displayed on Google's online map service. To address the troublemakers, Google said this week that it's cracking down on fake business listings and is making it harder for crooks to game its mapping service. The search giant and the University of California, San Diego released a research paper based on an analysis of over 100,000 scam listings

4.6.17 eWeek
"Google Claims Progress Reducing Fake Business Listings on Maps, Search"
Google this week claimed it has taken several measures to curb scammers from placing fake listings on Google Maps and Search and drawing organic traffic away from legitimate businesses. The measures are based on the findings of a year-long study the company conducted, along with researchers from the University of California, San Diego, into the methods employed by rogue actors to fool Google's verification processes for online business listings.

4.5.17 Business Insider
"A group of college students have a plan to brew beer on the moon in a Google-backed mission"
While NASA is attempting to grow potatoes and greens in space-like conditions, a group of engineering students have another goal: brewing beer on the moon. They have invented a device they believe can ferment yeast in zero-gravity. The students, who attend the University of California, San Diego and call themselves Team Original Gravity, are finalists in the Google Lunar XPRIZE challenge - a competition looking for low-cost methods of robotic space exploration. If their project wins, they will get $20 million and test their device by launching a lunar lander and rover to the moon in Dec. 2017

4.4.17 The San Diego Union Tribune
"UCSD tricks public into thinking it's seeing driverless cars"
UC San Diego scientists are disguising themselves as empty car seats to study how other motorists and pedestrians react to the sight of their "driverless" research vehicles tooling around campus. The academic "ghost drivers" wear head-to-knee seat covers that hide their bodies. The so-called "seat suits" are pulled on like a catcher's vest. So far, the scientists have done limited test runs that elicited smiles, pointing and long stares. But they're seeking the school's permission to broadly experiment on campus and may later ask to drive on the streets of La Jolla.

4.3.17 The New York Times
"Do Seas Make Us Sick? Surfers May Have the Answer"
On a recent trip, Cliff Kapono hit some of the more popular surf breaks in Ireland, England and Morocco. He's proudly Native Hawaiian and no stranger to the hunt for the perfect wave. But this time he was chasing something even more unusual: microbial swabs from fellow surfers. Mr. Kapono, a 29-year-old biochemist earning his doctorate at the University of California, San Diego, heads up the Surfer Biome Project, a unique effort to determine whether routine exposure to the ocean alters the microbial communities of the body, and whether those alterations might have consequences for surfers -- Related Jacobs School Link »

4.3.17 Nature Reviews
"CRISPR-based mapping of genetic interactions"
We often conceptualize genes as independent units of information, although their behaviour is influenced by interactions with other genes. Now, two independent studies present scalable double-knockout CRISPR-based screens for mapping pairwise genetic interactions and apply these to the identification of effective synergistic drug combinations in cancer.

4.3.17 EMSL
"UC San Diego researchers engineering next-generation solar cells"
The sun is an abundant renewable energy source with the potential of addressing significant global energy demands, but current silicon-based solar cells suffer from high manufacturing costs and low efficiency. A research team from the University of California at San Diego is engineering the next generation of low-cost, high-efficiency solar panels. Team members include principal investigator Ying Meng, associate professor of nanoengineering, and graduate students Pritesh Parikh, Shen Wang and Thomas Wynn.

4.1.17 The Economist
"A simple device designed to detect chemical weapons"
NERVE agents such as sarin and VX can kill quickly in low doses. At the moment, there is no simple way for soldiers in the field, or inspectors looking for manufacturing and storage sites, to detect nerve agents. The electrochemical sensors involved are bulky and awkward to use. It would be better if people had suitable detection technology available at their fingertips. And Joseph Wang of the University of California San Diego, reports in ACS Sensors that he has a system that achieves this quite literally.

3.31.17 The San Diego Union Tribune
"Connected Cars: The long road to autonomous vehicles"
Back in 1995, the NavLab 5 team at Carnegie Mellon University launched an autonomous vehicle on a trip from Pittsburgh to San Diego. The vehicle navigated itself, without intervention from a human driver, for 98 percent of the 2,800 mile journey. It averaged speeds above 60 mph. So if self-driving technology worked on a cross-country trip 22 years ago, why aren't roads filled with autonomous cars today? The reason is the technology remains closer to the research lab stage and is not ready for prime time, ay experts. It's not good enough or affordable enough yet for widespread use.

3.30.17 The Johns Hopkins Newsletter
"Artificial blood vessels could help repair tissue"
Professor Shaochen Chen at the University of California San Diego (UCSD) and his team of nanoengineers have successfully created a functioning network of blood vessels through 3D bioprinting. Implanting the biomimetic blood vessels into mice, Chen?s lab was able to successfully integrate the new vasculature into the mice?s own network as well as to allow the vessel to branch out into a series of smaller vessels, letting blood circulate normally.

3.30.17 IEEE Spectrum
"Smell, the Glove"
By printing sensor circuits on boring old disposable rubber gloves, researchers have converted them into handy, low-cost screening tools for chemical threats and toxic pollutants. That means someday, security agents might swipe their gloved fingertip on a bag and quickly get an alert for traces of nerve agents and explosives on their smartphone.

3.29.17 GEN
"Stem Cell Engineering Gets a Boost with Discovery of "Fine-Tuning Knob""
Researchers at the University of California San Diego say they have discovered a protein that regulates the switch of embryonic stem cells from the least developed naïve state to the more developed primed state. This discovery sheds light on stem cell development at a molecular level, according to the investigators who published their study ("SMARCAD1 Contributes to the Regulation of Naive Pluripotency by Interacting with Histone Citrullination") online in Cell Reports.

3.28.17 WebMD
"Tests May Bring New Wave of Cancer Detection"
Detecting cancer may be getting easier. New kinds of tests that promise to be less invasive are beginning to exit the lab and enter the market -- with more under development. By using blood, urine, and saliva, researchers hope these new tests may reduce the need for often painful, risky biopsies, a type of surgery to remove suspicious tissue for study.

3.28.17 MIT Technology Review
"Machine-Learning Algorithm Watches Dance Dance Revolution, Then Creates Dances of Its Own"
Dance Dance Revolution is one of the classic video games of the late 20th century. The game also allows players to design and distribute their own dances. Over the years, people have created enormous databases of dances for a huge range of popular songs. That gave Chris Donahue and pals, at the University of California, San Diego, an idea. Why not use this huge database to train a deep-learning machine to create dances of its own? Today, they show how they have done just that. Their system--called Dance Dance Convolution--takes as an input the raw audio files of pop songs and produces dance

3.27.17 NBC News
"This Tiny Device Is a 'Game Changer' for People Facing Blindness"
In 2013, the FDA approved an artificial retina that could help restore limited vision to people with degenerative eye diseases. But the device relied on a sunglass-mounted external camera and a transmitter that relayed sight information to the retinal implant. Now researchers at the Italian Institute of Technology in Genoa and the University of California, San Diego have crafted artificial retinas that can be implanted entirely inside the eye, which offer hope to those with macular degeneration.

3.27.17 Rubber Journal Asia
"Researchers design rubber glove with sensors to scan dangerous nerve agents"
Researchers at the University of California San Diego (UCSD) in the US and CSIRO Manufacturing in Australia have designed a new rubber glove equipped with highly stretchable sensors that will be able to detect dangerous nerve agents like sarin and VX during events like terrorist attacks or food contamination.

3.25.17 Vanguard
"New blood test may detect cancer earlier"
A universal blood test for any type of cancer may soon become available according to a new study from the University of California, San Diego. They have found a new way to detect cancer in the blood that could both alert doctors to the presence of cancer, and tell them where in the body the tumour is located.

3.24.17 Gizmodo
"Scientists Just Worked Out How To 3D Print Organs With Blood Vessels"
The likelihood of 3D printing functional organs just took a huge step forward, with scientists at the University of California working out a way to print not just the organ, but also the blood vessels needed to transport nutrients, oxygen and metabolic waste. The researchers used what is called a "rapid bioprinting method", AKA microscale continuous optical bioprinting (μCOB).

3.23.17 Next Big Future
"Tissue created with microblood vessel network and integrated the tissue into mice - a major advance for bioprinting organs"
New research, led by nanoengineering professor Shaochen Chen, addresses one of the biggest challenges in tissue engineering: creating lifelike tissues and organs with functioning vasculature ? networks of blood vessels that can transport blood, nutrients, waste and other biological materials ? and do so safely when implanted inside the body.

3.23.17 medGadget
"Novel Flexible Glove-Based Biosensor for Detecting Organophosphates"
Organophosphates are toxic chemicals used as pesticides in agricultural practice and as nerve agents in biological warfare. Exposure to organophosphates can cause severe illness or death if appropriate safety measures are not taken. Rapid and accurate point-of-use detection of organophosphate pesticides or nerve agents would improve security in both food safety and defense scenarios. A recent study published in the journal ACS Sensors describes a novel flexible, wearable, disposable glove-based biosensor that detects organophosphate compounds in real-time.

3.22.17 ECN Magazine
"Wearable Sensor Detects On-Site Chemical Threats"
Certain chemical compounds known as organophosphates are used as the foundation for many herbicides, insecticides, and nerve agents. Even though they are widely employed, these biochemicals carry dangerous side effects when exposed directly to humans. Researchers have recently developed a fast and efficient way to detect the existence of these deadly compounds. Referred to as a ?lab-on-a-glove,? a disposable glove decked out with a flexible sensor may be able to reveal and warn the wearer of nearby harmful substances.

3.22.17 New Atlas
""Lab on a glove" could help hunt for deadly nerve agents"
When a terrorist attack happens, every second counts in terms of response time. A new rubber glove developed by the University of California San Diego (UCSD) and CSIRO Manufacturing in Australia could not only help first-responders detect dangerous nerve agents like sarin and VX, but it could also help ensure a safe food supply.

3.22.17 San Diego Union Tribune
"Gene editing used to find cancer's genetic weak spots"
A UC San Diego-led research team has put the hot gene-editing technology CRISPR/Cas9 to a novel use, finding more than 120 new leads for cancer drugs. The team inactivated targeted genes in lab-cultured kidney, lung and cervical cancer cancer cells to pinpoint those that kill these cells but leave normal cells unharmed.

3.21.17 Oncology Nurse Advisor
"Novel Blood Test Detects Cancer, Locates Tumor Without Invasive Procedures"
A new blood test can locate the presence of a tumor in a particular tissue, which may circumvent the need for invasive procedures such as biopsies and aid in cancer diagnosis according to a recent study published in Nature Genetics.

3.21.17 NBC San Diego
"UC San Diego Engineering Students in Top 5 for NASA Student Competition"
40 UCSD students are building a satellite that could launch inside of a NASA rocket next year

3.21.17 GEN
"CRISPR/Cas9 Reveals Cancer?s Synthetic Lethal Vulnerabilities"
The CRISPR/Cas9 gene-editing system has been used to identify more than 120 synthetic-lethal gene interactions in cancer cells. These interactions could guide drug developers to new combination therapies that could selectively kill cancer cells and spare healthy cells.

3.21.17 Front Line Genomics
"Weakening Cancer Cells With CRISPR"
A team of researchers from UC San Diego School of Medicine and Jacobs School of Engineering have adapted the CRISPR-Cas9 system to help selectively kill cancer cells. Using gene editing, they were able to sift through thousands of genetic mutation combinations to find any that weakened cancer cells to selected drugs. The work was published in Nature Methods this week.

3.17.17 New Atlas
"Nanowire retinal implant could restore sight with better resolution"
Advances in bionic eyes over the past few decades have given blind and visually impaired people new hope of restoring some of their vision. Now engineers have tested a new nano-scale system that could be implanted onto a patient's retina to respond to light by directly stimulating the neurons that send visual signals to the brain. Unlike other systems, the new device wouldn't require any external sensors, and can provide a much higher resolution.

3.17.17 Daily Mail UK
"Robotic head of sci-fi author Philip K Dick being used to teach doctors how to recognise pain in patients"
Humanoid, facially expressive robots have been designed by researchers to help medical professionals improve their diagnosing skills. While robotic patient simulators (RPS's) are already used to train doctors, their faces don't move and don't express emotions. So researchers created a robot with rubber skin that can move its facial features to express real human emotions. The research team, led by Dr Laurel Riek, an associate professor of computer science and engineering at UC San Diego, designed the robot to be able to express pain, disgust and anger.

3.16.17 medGadget
"New Wirelessly Powered Scalable Retinal Prosthesis"
A collaboration between researchers at University of California San Diego and Nanovision Biosciences, a university spinoff, has developed a method for constructing wirelessly powered retinal prostheses that interface directly with retinal cells. The implant is structured from photosensitive silicon nanowires and, because they produce a textured surface, retinal cells are able to grow on them. Powering the array is a novel wireless system, that sits on the head near the eye, and provides current to all the nanowires simultaneously.

3.15.17 Yahoo! News
"Novel nano-implant may help restore sight"
Scientists have developed a high-resolution retinal prosthesis using nanowires and wireless electronics that may aid neurons in the retina to respond to light. The technology could help tens of millions of people worldwide suffering from neurodegenerative diseases that affect eyesight, including macular degeneration, retinitis pigmentosa and loss of vision due to diabetes. In the study, detailed in the Journal of Neural Engineering, the researchers demonstrated this response to light in a rat retina interfacing with a prototype of the device in vitro.

3.15.17 the Engineer UK
"Progress towards bionic eye implants"
Engineers at the University of California - San Diego and a La Jolla-based start-up company called Nanovision Biosciences now report that they have developed new technology that directly stimulates retinal cells to potentially restore high resolution sight that has been lost owing to neurodegenerative diseases, such as macular degeneration, retinitis pigmentosa and loss of sight owing to diabetes: all major causes of blindness in humans, affecting millions of people around the world and currently with no effective treatment.

3.15.17 Bioscience Technology
"New Nano-implant Could One Day Help Restore Sight"
A team of engineers at the University of California San Diego and La Jolla-based startup Nanovision Biosciences Inc. have developed the nanotechnology and wireless electronics for a new type of retinal prosthesis that brings research a step closer to restoring the ability of neurons in the retina to respond to light. The researchers demonstrated this response to light in a rat retina interfacing with a prototype of the device in vitro. They detail their work in a recent issue of the Journal of Neural Engineering.

3.14.17 Scientific American
"Transformers"
By reprogramming DNA inside harmful microbes, biologists are turning them into patient-saving drugs. In a few months a small group of volunteers will gulp down billions of tiny, toxin-gobbling contraptions to cure a crippling disease. The devices are not made from the usual machine parts of metal, wire or plastic. They are rebuilt organisms: bacteria, reconstructed from the inside out to perform an intricate feat of medical care.

3.13.17 Bio News
"Blood test could detect and locate cancer at early stage"
Researchers have developed a new blood test that can not only detect cancer at an early stage, but can also indicate where the tumour is located in the body. So-called 'liquid biopsies' detect fragments of tumour DNA called cell-free DNA (cfDNA), but until now they have only been able to detect the presence or absence of a tumour. Professor Kun Zhang of the University of California, San Diego, and colleagues found that normal cells that compete with cancer cells for nutrients and space also release their DNA in the bloodstream. This DNA leaves organ-specific signatures ? known as CpG methyla

3.13.17 Edgy Labs
"Nanoengineers 3D Printed a Replacement Circulatory System"
UC San Diego researchers have paved the way for alleviating over 15 different circulatory diseases. Using 3D printing, these nanoengineers successfully created a three-dimensional network of functional blood vessels with organic tissues. One of the major obstacles to implanting organs produced by tissue engineering is replicating the functioning network of blood vessels that are needed to transport blood, nutrients, waste and other biological materials to and from the implanted tissue.

3.11.17 Newsweek
"Science Inches Closer to a Universal Blood Test for Cancer"
A universal blood test for any type of cancer is an oncologist?s dream come true, and a new study suggests this concept may soon become a reality. Research from the University of California, San Diego, has found a new way to detect cancer in the blood that could both alert doctors to the presence of cancer, and tell them where in the body the tumor is located. The new study, published online in the journal Nature Genetics, describes the discovery of a new clue found in the blood. Although the discovery is preliminary, the team hopes to soon advance to the clinical stage where it can be tested.

3.11.17 Tornos News
"Report: New blood test could detect location of cancer in body!"
Researchers are developing a blood test that can tell not only whether someone has cancer, but in what organ the tumors are lurking. The test could mean more prompt, potentially life-saving treatment for patients. Researchers describe their blood test as a kind of dual authentication process. It is able to detect the presence of dying tumor cells in blood as well as tissue signatures, to signal to clinicians which organ is affected by the cancer.

3.10.17 New Scientist
"Robot that shows pain could teach doctors to recognise it better"
Can you recognise when someone is unwell just by studying their face? Understanding expressions can help doctors improve their diagnoses, but it's a difficult skill to practise. So a group of engineers have made a tool for training clinicians: a robot that can express pain. Many doctors already use robotic patient simulators in their training to practise procedures and test their diagnostic abilities. "These robots can bleed, breathe and react to medication," says Laurel Riek at the University of California, San Diego. "They are incredible, but there is a major design flaw - their face."

3.9.17 International Business Times
"Early Signs Of Cancer Can Be Determined By New Test That Finds Tumors Before They Grow"
A medical research breakthrough at the University of California, San Diego could soon provide the fastest way for people to detect potentially cancerous tumors and remove them before undergoing invasive surgeries. And like many other historic revelations, the discovery was found entirely by chance.

3.8.17 Netdoctor
"A simple blood test could detect cancer anywhere in the body"
Researchers from the University of California, San Diego, have found a new way to detect cancer in the blood and tell doctors where the tumour is located in the body. It means in future, cancer diagnosis could be faster and more effective.

3.8.17 An F1 Blog
"Blood test for cancer can show where a tumour is growing"
A blood test for cancer can now show where in the body a tumour is growing, without the need for a painful biopsy. ?Liquid biopsies? are hoped to revolutionise cancer treatment, by identifying people with slow-growing tumours and those most in danger. They work by detecting the DNA released by dying tumour cells. Now, for the first time, US scientists can also pinpoint the part of the body affected.

3.8.17 CW6 San Diego
"Revolutionizing the fight against cancer"
There?s a new tool that could revolutionize the fight against cancer. Researchers at UC San Diego have discovered that a blood test could detect the disease in its early stages. Bioengineers at UC San Diego discovered this blood test by accident. The author of the study that was just released says the blood test can detect cancer and where a tumor is growing in the body. It?s a discovery that could change how quickly doctors can make a cancer diagnosis. In a bioengineering lab at UC San Diego, what?s being called the holy grail of early cancer detection might have been discovered.

3.7.17 NBC Bay Area
"New UCSD Blood Test Could Detect Cancer - And Find Where in Body Tumor is Growing"
A new blood test developed by bioengineers at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) would not only be able to detect cancer, but also find where in the body the tumor is growing. The study, published in the March 6 issue of Nature Genetics, could provide a path for doctors to diagnose cancer early on, without having to do invasive procedures.

3.7.17 Voice of America
"Researchers Develop Blood Test to Pinpoint Location of Cancer"
Researchers are developing a blood test that can tell not only whether someone has cancer, but in what organ the tumors are lurking. The test could mean more prompt, potentially life-saving treatment for patients. Researchers describe their blood test as a kind of dual authentication process. It is able to detect the presence of dying tumor cells in blood as well as tissue signatures, to signal to clinicians which organ is affected by the cancer.

3.7.17 WorldHealth.net
"Cancer Detection and Location Blood Test"
A recent breakthrough appears to have made it much easier to detect cancer and pinpoint its exact location. The advances were made by University of California at San Diego bioengineers. The research team created a blood test that identifies cancer and pinpoints its exact location in the body. Information about the new blood test was published in the March 6 edition of Nature Genetics.

3.7.17 News Nation
"Scientists develop new blood test to detect cancer at early stage"
A new blood test has been developed by scientists which can detect cancer and locate where the tumour is growing. The test provies a potential alternative to invasive surgical procedures like biopsies. When a tumour starts to take over a part of the body, it competes with normal cells for nutrients and space, killing them off in the process, according to researchers from the University of California, San Diego in the US.

3.7.17 Men's Health
"Scientists Can Now Print Out Human Blood Vessels. Here?s Why You Should Care"
In medicine, 3D printing is already used for some futuristic applications like implantable devices, prosthetic parts, medical equipment and electronic sensors. That?s led researchers and developers to get even more innovative, by imaging a world in which we can print out bone, spinal discs, and skin. Now, scientists want to add one more body part to the list: blood vessels. In fact, researchers from the University of California at San Diego just developed a new method for printing out blood vessel networks using 3D printing

3.6.17 The Sun
"New blood test ?screens for multiple cancers in one go ? and tells docs exactly where tumours are hiding?"
A NEW blood test could one day help doctors diagnose cancer in its earliest stages ? and tell them exactly where in the body the tumour is growing. The discovery could put an end to the need for invasive surgical biopsy tests, scientists hope.

3.6.17 Daily Mail
"A blood test for cancer? Simple liquid biopsy could identify where in the body a tumour exists"
A blood test for cancer can now show where in the body a tumour is growing, without the need for a painful biopsy. 'Liquid biopsies' are hoped to revolutionise cancer treatment, by identifying people with slow-growing tumours and those most in danger. They work by detecting the DNA released by dying tumour cells. Now, for the first time, US scientists can also pinpoint the part of the body affected.

3.6.17 Tin Tuc
"Major breakthrough for cancer treatment: BLOOD test could diagnose and FIND disease"
The test offers the hope of screening patients during routine check-ups, ending the wait for the results of potentially unpleasant biopsies. Scientists said it would allow surgeons to remove tumours early ? preventing them from spreading. ?Knowing the tumour?s location is critical for effective early detection,? said Professor Kun Zhang, a bio-engineer at California University (UC) in San Diego. The test can pick up the tell-tale signs of tumours ? as well as where in the body it?s growing.

3.6.17 Healthline
"New Blood Test May Pinpoint Cancer Tumors"
New research shows promise for a blood test that not only identifies cancer but also pinpoints precisely where tumors are growing. Published in the journal Nature Genetics, the study describes how a specific DNA signature called CpG methylation haplotypes can indicate both the presence and specific location of tumor cells.

3.6.17 Yahoo! News
"Novel blood test may detect, locate cancer early"
Scientists have developed a new blood test to detect cancer and locate where in the body the tumour is growing, an advance way to eliminate the need for invasive surgical procedures like biopsies. Cancer blood tests work by screening for DNA released by dying tumour cells and detect traces of tumour DNA in the blood of cancer patients. However, these do not indicate where the tumour resides. "Knowing the tumour's location is critical for effective early detection," said Kun Zhang, professor at the University of California-San Diego in the US.

3.6.17 Digital Trends
"Nanoengineers develop first biocompatible, 3D-printed blood vessel networks"
3D-printed organs are a biopunk?s dream and which may soon come true thanks to researchers from the University of California, San Diego.Led by Shaochen Chen, the team of nanoengineers developed a new method for 3D printing biomimetic blood vessel networks, which may help lay the foundation for functioning lab-grown tissue and organs.

3.5.17 Blasting News
"Scientists created 3D printed blood vessels"
Researchers at the University of California San Diego have created a #3D Printed a life-like blood vessel network that functioned successfully on real rats. This could be the first effective step in creating whole functional organs in the future. Their work was published in Biomaterials under the title 'Direct 3D bioprinting of prevascularized tissue constructs with complex microarchitecture.'

3.3.17 Anadolu Agency
"US researchers print functioning blood vessels"
Engineers announced Thursday they have used three-dimensional (3D) printing to create a lifelike and functional blood vessel network. Researchers hope the innovation will help spur new development of artificial organs and regenerative therapies in a way that is accessible to many more patients.

3.3.17 R&D Magazine
"Nanoengineers Create 3D Printed Vasculature Network"
Researchers at the University of California San Diego have created artificial tissue and organs with functioning vasculature?a networks of blood vessels that can transport blood, nutrients, waste and other biological materials?and do so safely when implanted inside the body.

3.3.17 3Ders
"UCSD researchers make 3D printed blood vessel networks with ultra-fast UV bioprinting system"
Researchers at the University of California San Diego have used 3D bioprinting to develop a functional blood vessel network. The researchers say their work could advance the creation of artificial organs and regenerative therapies.

3.3.17 The Stack
"3D printing produces ?life-saving? blood vessel networks"
A new light-activated 3D printing technique has helped researchers to build ?lifelike? blood vessel networks ? a major step towards synthetic organ production. Using the new approach, the team from the University of California San Diego (UCSD) was able to print functional networks of artificial blood vessels. In animal trails, the technology was successfully introduced into living subjects.

3.3.17 3D Printing Industry
"Californian researchers 3D print functioning blood vessels"
Researchers from the University of California San Diego have successfully 3D printed a framework of functional blood vessels. Blood vessel networks are important in transporting blood, nutrients and waste around the human body. The research team employed a 3D bioprinting process involving hydrogel and endothelial cells. Endothelial are the form of cells that make up the inner lining of blood vessels.

3.3.17 3DPrint.com
"UC San Diego Breakthrough: 3D Printed Blood Vessel Network Survives and Functions Within Mice"
One of the most difficult roadblocks in the quest to 3D print functional, transplantable human organs isn?t the printing of the organ itself ? it?s the creation of the critical network of blood vessels that enable the organ to function within the body. Scientists have been working hard to develop 3D printed blood vessels that are capable of surviving and doing the crucial work of transporting blood, nutrients, waste and other materials throughout the body, but it?s been a difficult slog;

3.2.17 DesignNews
"Hair's Strength Inspires New Polymer for Body Armor"
Observations researchers have made about why human hair is so strong and resistant to breaking could form the basis for the development of new synthetic materials , including polymers that could be well-suited for body armor.

3.1.17 IEEE Spectrum
"The Tiny Robots Will See You Now"
Over the past week, we?ve highlighted a lot of big, impressive robots. Now it?s time to pay homage to their teeny, tiny counterparts. It?s science-fiction-turned-reality: Researchers are developing micro- and nanoscale robots that move freely in the body, communicate with each other, perform jobs, and degrade when their mission is complete. These tiny robots will someday ?have a major impact? on disease diagnosis, treatment, and prevention, according to a new review in Science Robotics from a top nanoengineering team at the University of California San Diego.

3.1.17 The Scientist
"Massively Parallel Perturbations"
Determining how the genes in a cell affect its function is the overarching objective of molecular genetic studies. But most genotype-phenotype screens are limited by the number of genetic perturbations that can be feasibly measured in one experiment. In short, the more genetic disruptions examined, the more costly and time-consuming the experiments become.

3.1.17 STAT
"A cellular merry-go-round to test metastasis"
Cancer spreads when cells detach from a tumor and drift to a new site ? so it makes sense that how "sticky" a cancer cell is could indicate its likelihood of seeding a new tumor. But up until now, there was no good way to test this idea. Enter this supercharged cellular merry-go-round lined with proteins that cells like to grip onto. When scientists took breast and prostate cancer cells for a spin in the machine, they found that the ones that detached soonest were also the ones that moved most quickly across a petri dish.

3.1.17 Medical News Today
"Cell adherence may predict metastasis potential of cancer cells"
In metastasis, cancer cells break away from the primary site of the tumor and travel through the blood or lymphatic system to more distant parts of the body. However, only a small number of malignant cells have the ability to form secondary tumors. New research may have found a way to identify these cells.

3.1.17 The Triton
"FLOWER OF EQUALITY BLOSSOMING FROM STEM"
UCSD is recognized across the globe as an illustrious, first-rate research institution. With numerous on-campus hospitals, medical centers, and labs, run by distinguished professors, scientific discovery and technological advancement is a championed commonality. However, UCSD deserves credit for another form of progress, one that is unsung yet equally vital.

2.28.17 The Marshalltown
"Tool For Mapping RNA-DNA Interactions Developed: Converting Gene Sequences Into Functions Made Easy"
Marking a significant technology breakthrough in tracking the interactions between RNA and DNA, scientists at the University of California have evolved a new technique. Known as Mapping RNA Genome Interactions, the tool ?MARGI? renders full data of the entire spectrum of RNA molecules that interact with segments of DNA in a single analysis.

2.28.17 BBC News
"Cell 'stickiness' could indicate cancer spread"
University of California researchers found tumour cells that stuck less to surrounding cells are more likely to migrate and invade other tissue. They hope it could one day help identify cancer patients who need aggressive treatment at an early stage.

2.28.17 Jersey Evening Post
"Cancer cell stickiness 'linked to likelihood of tumours spreading around body' Read more at http://jerseyeveningpost.com/news/uk-news/2017/02/28/cance"
The discovery could pave the way to a much-needed test for deadly cancers with a high risk of migrating to vital organs such as the liver or brain. Cancer spread, or metastasis, is the major reason why people die from the disease. Many cancers remain non-life threatening as long as they stay in one place, but transform into killers when they colonise other parts of the body. Scientists have now shown that weakly sticky cancer cells are more likely to invade other tissues than those with strong adhesion.

2.27.17 The Green Optimistic
"New Plasmonic Metamaterial Could Revolutionize Solar Cells"
A recent discovery at the University of California San Diego could change the field of photonics. A team of engineers has fabricated a plasmonic metamaterial that could change the way we look at optical transmission.Their new material shows promise is the field of light-based technologies, like photovoltaics, fiber optics, and lasers. Their new material addresses one of the biggest problems in photonics; the loss of signal.

2.27.17 Laser Focus World
"UCSD lossless metamaterials could make lasers more efficient"
University of California San Diego (UCSD) engineers have developed a material that could reduce signal losses in photonic devices. The advance has the potential to boost the efficiency of various light-based technologies including fiber-optic communication systems, lasers, and photovoltaics. The engineers say the discovery addresses one of the biggest challenges in the field of photonics: minimizing loss of optical (light-based) signals in devices known as plasmonic metamaterials.

2.27.17 The Green Optimistic
"New Plasmonic Metamaterial Could Revolutionize Solar Cells"
A recent discovery at the University of California San Diego could change the field of photonics. A team of engineers has fabricated a plasmonic metamaterial that could change the way we look at optical transmission.

2.27.17 University Herald
"http://www.universityherald.com/articles/67024/20170227/uc-san-diego-bioengineers-develops-new-tool-map-rna-dna.htm"
University of California San Diego bioengineers were able to create a new tool that can identify interactions between RNA and DNA molecules. This is the first technology of its kind.

2.23.17 Nasdaq
"UCSD and TowerJazz Demonstrate Best in Class 5G Mobile Transmit-Receive Chips with Greater than 12 Gbps Data Rates Read more: http://www.nasdaq.com/p"
TowerJazz, the global specialty foundry leader, and The University of California San Diego, a recognized leader for microwave, millimeter-wave, mixed-signal RFICs, and phased arrays, demonstrate for the first time, a greater than 12 Gbps, 5G phased-array chipset. This chipset demonstrates that products can be fabricated today to meet the emerging 5G telecom standards for the next wave of worldwide mobile communications. The chipset operates at 28 to 31 GHz, a new communications band planned for release by the FCC.

2.21.17 Japan Stripes
"Robots poised to take over wide range of military jobs"
The wave of automation that swept away tens of thousands of American manufacturing and office jobs during the past two decades is now washing over the armed forces, putting both rear-echelon and front-line positions in jeopardy. "Just as in the civilian economy, automation will likely have a big impact on military organizations in logistics and manufacturing," said Michael Horowitz, a University of Pennsylvania professor and one of the globe's foremost experts on weaponized robots.

2.20.17 The San Diego Union Tribune
"Focus Robots poised to take over wide range of military jobs"
The wave of automation that swept away tens of thousands of American manufacturing and office jobs during the past two decades is now washing over the armed forces, putting both rear-echelon and front-line positions in jeopardy. "Just as in the civilian economy, automation will likely have a big impact on military organizations in logistics and manufacturing," said Michael Horowitz, a University of Pennsylvania professor and one of the globe's foremost experts on weaponized robots.

2.14.17 University Herald
"University Of California San Diego Gets New Futuristic Robotics Assistant"
With the University of California San Diego, operating rooms may get an upgrade. With the help of Michael Yip, the electrical engineering professor and director of the Advanced Robotics and Controls Laboratory, the world is now going to see a much more techy and precise operating room. As technology continues to grow and innovate, the medical field will benefit more when it comes to precision. With the use of robots in the operating room, they can become an important tool when it comes to surgeries.

2.13.17 News Atlas
"How to quickly identify sepsis-causing bacteria - melt it down"
When a patient is diagnosed with sepsis, a medical syndrome that kills more people than breast cancer, prostate cancer and HIV combined, it sets off a countdown for doctors to treat the infection and uncover the culprit causing the body's systems to shut down. However, identifying the exact pathogen causing the infection can take days with current procedures, which is time a terminally ill patient simply does not have. But hope could be on the horizon, as researchers from the University of California San Diego (UCSD) recently unveiled a diagnostic tool

2.13.17 KUNC
"This Tiny Submarine Cruises Inside A Stomach To Deliver Drugs"
A tiny self-propelled drug-delivery device might someday make taking antibiotics safer and more efficient. Think of it as a tiny submarine scooting around inside your stomach, fueled by the acid there. Oral antibiotics are commonly prescribed life-saving drugs. Once an antibiotic is swallowed, it takes a trip to the stomach, where there's lots of acid. That stomach acid can break chemical bonds in the antibiotic and deactivate it. To keep that from happening, doctors often prescribe acid-reducing medications like Prilosec or Prevacid.

2.9.17 Medical News Today
"Method to identify bacteria in blood samples works in hours instead of days"
Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed a desktop diagnosis tool that detects the presence of harmful bacteria in a blood sample in a matter of hours instead of days. The breakthrough was made possible by a combination of proprietary chemistry, innovative electrical engineering and high-end imaging and analysis techniques powered by machine learning. The team details their work in Scientific Reports.

2.9.17 MIT Technology Review
"This Technology Could Finally Make Brain Implants Practical"
In labs testing how brain implants could help people with physical disabilities, tales of success can be bittersweet. Experiments like those that let a paralyzed person swig coffee using a robotic arm, or that let blind people "see" spots of light, have proven the huge potential of computers that interface with the brain. But the implanted electrodes used in such trials eventually become useless, as scar tissue forms that degrades their electrical connection to brain cells (see "The Thought Experiment").

2.8.17 News Medical Life Sciences
"UC San Diego engineers develop desktop diagnosis tool that detects harmful bacteria in few hours"
Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed a desktop diagnosis tool that detects the presence of harmful bacteria in a blood sample in a matter of hours instead of days. The breakthrough was made possible by a combination of proprietary chemistry, innovative electrical engineering and high-end imaging and analysis techniques powered by machine learning. The team details their work in the Feb. 8 issue of Scientific Reports.

2.8.17 Infection Control Today
"Method to Identify Bacteria in Blood Samples Works in Hours Instead of Days"
Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed a desktop diagnosis tool that detects the presence of harmful bacteria in a blood sample in a matter of hours instead of days. The breakthrough was made possible by a combination of proprietary chemistry, innovative electrical engineering and high-end imaging and analysis techniques powered by machine learning. The team details their work in the Feb. 8 issue of Scientific Reports.

2.8.17 Science Daily
"Method to identify bacteria in blood samples works in hours instead of days"
A desktop diagnosis tool has been developed that detects the presence of harmful bacteria in a blood sample in a matter of hours instead of days. The breakthrough was made possible by a combination of proprietary chemistry, innovative electrical engineering and high-end imaging and analysis techniques powered by machine learning.

2.8.17 The San Diego Union-Tribune
"GM Salmonella destroys cancer"
A genetically modified bacterium destroys tumors by provoking an immune response, according to a study published Wednesday.

2.7.17 Engineering.com
"New Laser Defies Conventional Wave Physics"
University of California San Diego researchers have presented a laser based on bound states in the continuum (BICs), an unconventional wave physics phenomenon. This is the first BIC laser in the world. BICs defy the norm of conventional waves, which escape in an open system. In contrast, BICs remain localized or confined despite the open pathways. The laser has a thin semiconductor membrane-made of gallium, phosphorous, arsenic and indium-constructed as an arrangement of nano-sized cylinders. The membrane is suspended in air and a network of supporting bridges

2.6.17 Photonics Media
"Novel BIC Laser Holds Promise for Optical Communications"
Researchers at the University of California San Diego have developed a laser based on an unconventional wave physics phenomenon known as bound states in the continuum -- BIC. The new BIC lasers have the potential to be developed as high-power lasers for industrial and defense applications. The technology could also revolutionize the development of surface lasers for communications and computing applications.

2.6.17 Photonics Media
"Material Offers Broadband, Selective Light Absorption for Use in Energy, Defense"
A novel class of particle absorbers, called transferable hyperbolic metamaterial particles (THMMP), has shown selective, omnidirectional, tunable, broadband absorption when closely packed. The novel material, which absorbs more than 87 percent of near-IR light at 1200- to over 2200-nm wavelengths, with a maximum absorption of 98 percent at 1550 nm, could be used for energy, automotive and stealth applications. The thin, flexible, light-absorbing material, a near-perfect broadband absorber, can absorb light from every angle.

2.5.17 News Atlas
""Near-perfect" broadband absorber with potential in solar cells, windows and stealth"
A new flexible material developed by engineers at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) is claimed to be able to tune out various portions of the electromagnetic spectrum while allowing others to pass through, such as being opaque to infra-red but transparent to visible light, for example. This material has the potential to vastly improve the efficiencies of solar cells, or create window coatings that not only let in visible light and keep out heat, but also stop electronic eavesdropping by blocking electromagnetic signals.

2.5.17 Crazy Engineers
"New Light-Absorbing, Transparent Material That Can Be Bent, Could Triple Solar Cell Efficiencies"
Imagine using a solar power infrastructure that gives 3x the output of what it currently delivers. That could be a reality with a new light-absorbing material based on nano-particle design, developed by a team of team of UC San Diego engineers led by Prof. Zhaowei Liu and Prof. Donald Sirbuly. Not just a boon for solar cells, the material is also ideal for manufacturing thin films of coatings to be used on transparent windows in cars and buildings, to keep them cool in hot summer days.

2.4.17 Deccan Herald
"'New light-absorbent material to cool buildings, cars'"
The material, developed by engineers at the University of California San Diego in the US, is called a near-perfect broadband absorber. It absorbs more than 87 per cent of near-infrared light (1,200 to 2,200 nanometre wavelengths), with 98 per cent absorption at 1,550 nanometres, the wavelength for fiber optic communication. The material is capable of absorbing light from every angle. It also can theoretically be customised to absorb certain wavelengths of light while letting others pass through.

2.3.17 AZO Materials
"Researchers Create Thin, Flexible, Light-Absorbent Material with Numerous Potential Uses"
A team of researchers at the University of California San Diego have developed a thin, flexible, light-absorbing material that has numerous potential applications such as transparent window coatings that keep cars and buildings cool on hot days, devices capable of more than three times the solar cell efficiencies than what is available, and thin, lightweight shields capable of blocking thermal detection.

2.2.17 R&D Magazine
"New Absorbent Material to Be Used for Energy and Stealth Applications"
A new thin, flexible, light-absorbing material may be a boon for advancements in energy and stealth applications. Engineers at the University of California-San Diego Jacobs School of Engineering, led by professors Zhaowei Liu and Donald Sirbuly, have created the material, called a near-perfect broadband absorber, that can absorb more than 87 percent of near-infrared light at 1,200 to 2,200 nanometer wavelengths, with 98 percent absorption at 1,550 nanometers, the wavelength for fiber optic communication.

1.31.17 Engineering.com
"Additively Manufactured Rocket Engines could Democratize Access to Space"
The economics of additive manufacturing (AM) currently don't make it cost effective to produce goods that can otherwise be made with mass production technologies. As a result, 3D printing today may be best suited for small-batch production and specialty items. So, what could be more specialized than a rocket engine?

1.31.17 IEEE Spectrum
"The Self-Driving Car's Bicycle Problem"
Robotic cars are great at monitoring other cars, and they're getting better at noticing pedestrians, squirrels, and birds. The main challenge, though, is posed by the lightest, quietest, swerviest vehicles on the road. "Bicycles are probably the most difficult detection problem that autonomous vehicle systems face," says UC Berkeley research engineer Steven Shladover.

1.29.17 npr
"This Tiny Submarine Cruises Inside A Stomach To Deliver Drugs"
A tiny self-propelled drug-delivery device might someday make taking antibiotics safer and more efficient. Think of it as a tiny submarine scooting around inside your stomach, fueled by the acid there. Oral antibiotics are commonly prescribed life-saving drugs. Once an antibiotic is swallowed, it takes a trip to the stomach, where there's lots of acid. That stomach acid can break chemical bonds in the antibiotic and deactivate it.

1.28.17 Digital Trends
"Swarms of robots may soon be deployed to the center of hurricanes"
Swarms of robotic weather balloons are being created by researchers at the University of California, San Diego. Packed with GPS and cellphone-grade technologies, the balloons are designed to report from inside active cyclones, where they float around, coordinate movements, and beam back data about the environmental conditions within. The advantage of these balloons over traditional forecasting methods involves two technological advances. For one, progress in electronics manufacturing has enabled cheaper, smaller, lighter machines to be produced and deployed in large volumes.

1.28.17 Future Structure
"How Robots, Automation Will Impact Employment in the U.S."
Thirty of the world's top scientists are scheduled to meet at the University of California at San Diego in February to discuss the toughest challenges in robotics and automation, including how to make driverless cars safe for a mass audience. The experts are being brought together by Henrik Christensen, the prominent Georgia Tech engineer who was hired in July to run UC San Diego's young Contextual Robotics Institute.

1.27.17 Wall Street Journal
"The Tiny Robots That Run on Stomach Acid"
The acidic environment of the stomach is useful for digesting food and attacking pathogens, but it can also harm medications, including some antibiotics. Enter the tiny robots.

1.26.17 Robotics Industries Association
"The Consumerization of Robots - Implications for You, Me, and Industry"
Imagine a world without cars, airplanes, phones, TVs, and computers. Without many of the goods we enjoy every day. Goods we find so readily at our corner store, or at our fingertips. Poof, it's all gone. That?s a world without Industrial Revolution. An invention is just an idea if nobody buys it. Consumerization fueled the First (steam power), Second (electrification and mass production), and Third (computing) Industrial Revolutions. It will drive what many are calling the Fourth Industrial Revolution

1.26.17 Financial Review
"Donald Trump more likely to bring jobs for Chinese-made robots than US citizens"
Factories play a central role in US President Donald Trump's parade of American horrors. In his telling, globalisation has left our factories "shuttered", "rusted-out" and "scattered like tombstones across the landscape of our nation". Here's what you might call an alternative fact: American factories still make a lot of stuff. Last year, the US hit a manufacturing record, producing more goods than ever. But you don't hear much gloating about this because manufacturers made all this stuff without a lot of people.

1.25.17 Popular Science
"Engineering Students Aim To Brew Beer On The Moon"
There's a lot that needs to happen before humankind can become an interplanetary species. We have to figure out how we'll get to other worlds, what we'll eat, and what we'll live in. And then we need to figure out beer, because space is definitely BYOB. Lucky for us, a team of students from the University of California at San Diego are designing a kit that they hope will be the first to brew a batch of beer on the moon.

1.25.17 The New York Times
"How to Make America's Robots Great Again"
Factories play a central role in President Trump's parade of American horrors. In his telling, globalization has left our factories "shuttered," "rusted-out" and "scattered like tombstones across the landscape of our nation." Here's what you might call an alternative fact: American factories still make a lot of stuff. In 2016, the United States hit a manufacturing record, producing more goods than ever. But you don't hear much gloating about this because manufacturers made all this stuff without a lot of people.

1.25.17 Fire Systems
"'BICSEL' promises faster computing and telecom links"
Researchers at the University of California San Diego have demonstrated a new type of laser that has the potential to be more compact and energy efficient than the standard vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers used in many computing and optical networking links. The new laser is based on an unconventional physics phenomenon called 'bound states in the continuum' (BIC), which are resonant states. First proposed as part of quantum mechanics theory in 1929, only recently was it realised that BICs are a general wave phenomenon that could also be applied to optics.

1.24.17 the Engineer UK
"US students aim to brew beer on the moon"
The Jacobs School of Engineering undergrads are finalists in the Lab2Moon competition being held by TeamIndus, an Indian organisation with a contract to send a spacecraft to the moon as part of the XPrize challenge. Calling themselves "Team Original Gravity", they are one of 25 groups selected from an original pool of 3,000. If selected, they will become the first people to brew beer in space. The experiment will shed light on how yeast acts in off-Earth environments, which has implications for the production of food, as well as the development of pharmaceuticals.

1.24.17 Mashable
"This team wants to brew beer on the surface of the moon"
The moon: Great and all, but don't you think it's missing something? I mean, yes, it could use human-rated habitats, some moon buggies, maybe a little infrastructure. Beyond that, though, what does the moon really need? It needs beer. Or so says a team of obviously brilliant (though potentially drunk) engineering students from the University of California, San Diego, who want to brew suds. On the moon. All in the name of science. Their reasoning holds up, too.

1.24.17 Space.com
"Moon Beer? Brewing Experiment Short-Listed for Indian Lunar Lander"
There could soon be a whole new definition of the term "moonshine." A team of University of California San Diego (UCSD) engineering students is in a ferment, all hopped up to see if beer can be brewed on the moon. Their experiment is designed to test the viability of yeast on the moon. The potential brewmasters hail from UCSD's Jacobs School of Engineering, and call themselves "Team Original Gravity."

1.24.17 Grub Street
"A Team of College Students Is One Step Away From Brewing Beer on the Moon"
A team of UC San Diego students has a plan to make the next giant leap for boozekind. Researchers of course have already aged scotch in outer space, grown wine grapes in zero gravity, and blasted yeast 77 miles above Earth to brew an imperial stout. But these engineering students say they can complete the entire fermentation process on the surface of the moon -- they just need somebody to get them up there. Luckily for them, one of the groups competing for Google?s $30 million Lunar X Prize has room on their spaceship, and they?re running a competition to fill it.

1.24.17 Tech Times
"Researchers Take Inspiration From Hair To Build New Materials For Body Armor"
Hair has amazing properties including its unique structure and steel like strength. Now new research is exploring the use of hair in many unknown areas including the making of body armor to protect police personnel. The new pitch on using hair for armor has been raised by researchers from the University of California. They examined hair at a nano level to leverage the strong properties in the making of body armor. They noticed that hair can be stretched to one and a half times the original length before it breaks.

1.23.17 International Business Times
"Can beer be brewed on the moon? Engineering students will solve the mystery soon!"
A team of engineering students from the University of California (UC), San Diego, is one of the four teams that landed a contract that permits them to send a spacecraft to the moon by December 28, 2017.

1.23.17 IFL Science!
"Scientists Aim To Brew Beer On The Moon"
If one of the multiple possible circumstances for the world ending comes to pass - we fail to combat climate change, an asteroid hits Earth, the Trumpocalypse - and we all have to decamp to the Moon or Mars, we're all going to need a big drink. But will this be possible in space? Luckily for us, scientists have their priorities straight and have designed an experiment to see if it's possible to brew beer on the Moon. Yep, go science!

1.23.17 Yahoo! News
"A group of college students wants to brew beer on the moon, because why not"
The moon: Great and all, but don't you think it's missing something? I mean, yes, it could use human-rated habitats, some moon buggies, maybe a little infrastructure. Beyond that, though, what does the moon really need? It needs beer. Or so says a team of obviously brilliant (though potentially drunk) engineering students from the University of California, San Diego, who want to brew suds. On the moon. All in the name of science. Their reasoning holds up, too.

1.23.17 PC Magazine
"Human Hair Inspires Next-Gen Body Armor Materials"
Tug on a human hair hard enough and it will probably fall out, but trying to then break that strand of hair with your bare hands is much more difficult. Hair is strong, but how strong? According to the University of California, San Diego, it's strong enough to inspire the next generation of body armor. Yang Yu, Wen Yang, Bin Wang, and Marc André Meyers of UC San Diego produced the recently published paper "Structure and mechanical behavior of human hair." It discusses how human hair has a strength to weight ratio very similar to that of steel

1.23.17 The San Diego Union-Tribune
"Center hopes to speed health advances from lab to patients"
As an aging population seeks improved health care, the costs of providing it keep rising. Meanwhile, promising research findings may remain stuck in the lab for years, helping no one. A new field called translational science aims to provide relief by quickly moving new discoveries out of the lab so they can benefit patients. Last week at the University of California San Diego, young researchers heard real-life examples from their peers of how its done.

1.19.17 PhysicsWorld.com
"Optical supercavity drives tiny and efficient laser"
A new type of compact and highly efficient laser that is compatible with optical telecommunications has been created by Boubacar Kanté and colleagues at the University of California, San Diego, in the US. The tuneable device, which uses a wave phenomenon first proposed more than 80 years ago, can output light with a range of different beam profiles. According to Kanté, the laser could someday be used in a wide range of applications including spectroscopy and optical trapping.

1.19.17 Cosmetics design
"Scientists look at hair on a nanoscale"
Researchers from the University of California, San Diego, in collaboration with a scientist out of Zurich, Switzerland, have published new data on the structure and mechanics of hair that has likely applications for hair care R&I.

1.18.17 New Atlas
"New laser surfs weird wave physics for improved efficiency"
A team at the University of California San Diego has developed a new type of laser that could lead to smaller and more efficient lasers for medical, computing and optical communication applications. The new laser makes use of an unusual physics phenomenon called bound states in the continuum (BIC), which keeps the light waves confined even when in an open system, and it can be adjusted to emit beams of different wavelengths and shapes.

1.18.17 Inverse Science & Chill
"Hair Is the Latest Super Material Scientists Want to Make Bulletproof"
It looks like the writers of Superman IV weren't too far from the truth when they added the detail that a single strand of Superman's hair could suspend a 1,000-pound wrecking ball. Real human hair is extremely strong as well -- not as strong as the Man of Steel's, but it does have a strength to weight ratio that's comparable to actual steel. This discovery was made by University of California, San Diego scientists who recently published their findings in the journal Materials Science and Engineering: C.

1.18.17 the Engineer UK
"Nanoscale understanding of hair could lead to new body armour"
A greater understanding of hair's properties could lead to the development of new materials for body armour and help cosmetics manufacturers create better hair care products. This is the claim of researchers from the University of California San Diego, who said hair has a strength to weight ratio comparable to steel and can be stretched up to one and a half times its original length before breaking. "We wanted to understand the mechanism behind this extraordinary property," said Yang Yu, a nanoengineering Ph.D. student at UC San Diego and the first author of the study.

1.18.17 Daily Mail UK
"HAIR could hold the key to ultralight body armour: Researchers say 'unique properties' could offer protection to cops"
Researchers believe the structure of human hair could soon be used in body armor. A recent study examined how a strand behaves when it is deformed and stretched in order to 'understand the mechanism behind this extraordinary property'. Not only is hair able to withstand up to 80 percent deformation before breaking, it also recovers to its original shape when stretched -- features needed in protective gear for police officers.

1.18.17 New Atlas
"Material scientists untangle secrets of strong human hair"
For material scientists scouring the natural world for inspiration, there appears to be plenty of tougher customers than a strand of human hair. But with a steel-like strength-to-weight ratio and an ability to endure stretching up to one and a half times its original length, our luscious locks have their own unique offering for efforts to develop tough new materials like futuristic body armor. Such ventures have just become a little more enlightened, with scientists studying the secrets of human hair observing some of the key mechanisms that allow it such strength and durability.

1.18.17 Fox News Tech
"Body armor made from human hair"
Here's something to think about next time you're in the shower reaching for the shampoo: the hair on your head is so strong and stretchy that engineers studying it say what they're learning could help them develop new materials, possibly even for body armor. Researchers at the University of California, San Diego -- who received funding from the Air Force Office of Science Research--studied hair at the molecular level to better understand this natural super material. Not only does it have a strength-to-weight ratio that is steel-like, it also can stretch

1.18.17 AZO Materials
"Nanoscale Understanding of Hair Could Lead to Development of New Materials for Body Armor"
A new study carried out by scientists at the University of California San Diego explores why human hair is extremely strong and resistant to breaking. The study results may lead to the development of new generation of materials for body armor and even help cosmetic manufacturers make better hair care products.

1.18.17 Counsel & Heal Physical Wellness
"The Strength Of Human Hair Is Comparable To Steel"
Human hair is regarded as a person's "crowning glory". Besides its aesthetic appeal, human hair, specifically its strength, is comparable to steel. This characteristic of human hair has lead scientists to study its structure and behavior to develop synthetic materials for body armor and improve haircare products. The strength of human hair is comparable to steel. This is because it can be stretched up 1.5 times its original length before breaking.

1.16.17 The San Diego Union Tribune
"Local biotech turning to Japan for partnerships"
When San Diego County's large life-science industry looks for partners in foreign countries, one stands out. It's a wealthy place with an advanced economy and scientific establishment. It also has the most rapidly aging population in the world. That nation is Japan, and over the decades, it has become arguably the most significant partner for San Diego biotech companies and scientists. Japan's economic impact is widespread here. Japanese businesses regularly invest in and purchase local biotech enterprises. They also provide access to Japanese markets.

1.13.17 Controlled Environments
"Innovative Laser Improves Telecommunications and Computing"
Researchers at the University of California San Diego have demonstrated the world's first laser based on an unconventional wave physics phenomenon called bound states in the continuum. The technology could revolutionize the development of surface lasers, making them more compact and energy-efficient for communications and computing applications. The new BIC lasers could also be developed as high-power lasers for industrial and defense applications.

1.12.17 Laser Focus World
"Unconventional laser based on 'bound states in the continuum' could have wide application"
Researchers at the University of California San Diego (UCSD) have demonstrated the first laser that is based on "bound states in the continuum" (BIC), an unconventional wave-physics phenomenon. The potential results is a new kind of compact and energy-efficient surface laser tunable for different communications and computing applications. The new BIC lasers could also be developed as high-power lasers for industrial and defense applications. Bound states in the continuum (BICs) are phenomena that have been predicted to exist since 1929.

1.12.17 IEEE Spectrum
"Supremely Small BICSEL Laser Traps Light in Open Air"
Tapping into an idea from quantum mechanics that dates back to the Jazz Age, researchers have created a new type of laser that could be much tinier than conventional lasers, potentially leading to faster optical communications and more powerful computers. The laser relies on a phenomenon known as bound states in the continuum (BICs), which allows researchers to build a laser cavity in open air. "It's not every day that you have the possibility to make a new type of laser," says Boubacar Kante, a professor of electrical and computer engineering at the University of California, San Diego,

1.11.17 Photonics Online
"New Laser Based On Unusual Physics Phenomenon Could Improve Telecommunications, Computing And More"
Researchers at the University of California San Diego have demonstrated the world's first laser based on an unconventional wave physics phenomenon called bound states in the continuum. The technology could revolutionize the development of surface lasers, making them more compact and energy-efficient for communications and computing applications. The new BIC lasers could also be developed as high-power lasers for industrial and defense applications.

1.10.17 Xconomy
"Protecting America's Tech Prowess Amid the Hostile Rhetoric of 2017"
My biggest concern would be a failure to recognize and take full advantage of the fact that America's biggest asset is its technological prowess. Along with that comes the responsibility of leadership in developing the consensus to make long term investments in research and education and manage them effectively. A lot of the technological innovation in the United States is done by recent immigrants who obtained their graduate degrees here, and who could, within a decade, choose to return--thereby gutting America's technological superiority.

1.6.17 Quartz
"A robotics expert predicts that kids born in 2017 will never drive a car"
Henrik Christensen, director of the University of California San Diego's Contextual Robotics Institute, has issued a jarring prophecy for the next generation: "My own prediction is that kids born today will never get to drive a car." His forecast, which he shared in a December interview with The San Diego Union-Tribune, is rooted in signs that the auto industry is racing toward a driverless future. "Autonomous, driverless cars are 10, 15 years out," he said. "All the automotive companies--Daimler, GM, Ford--are saying that within five years they will have autonomous, driverless cars on the ro

1.5.17 Fox News 13
"UC engineer: Kids born today will never learn to drive"
The head of a robotics research lab at the University of California in San Diego says he believes children born today will never have to drive a car - at least not the way we do today. The Contextual Robotics Institute, now under the supervision of engineer Henrik Christensen, has set out to make driverless cars safe for a mass audience in anticipation of this new world of technology and transportation.

1.3.17 Motor Trend
"Autonomous future is only "10,15 years out""
Technology is moving very quickly these days - so fast that predictions of what the future will look like are constantly changing. One day someone is predicting that the majority of cars in the U.S. will be electric, but still human-driven, and the next someone else is telling us most cars will be autonomous and won't even be owned by those riding in them. The latest prediction posits that babies born today will never drive a car. Ever. The prediction comes from Henrik Christensen, head of UC San Diego's Contextual Robotics Institute

1.3.17 MSN
"Robotics Expert Predicts Kids Born Today Will Never Drive a Car"
Technology is moving very quickly these days so fast that predictions of what the future will look like are constantly changing. One day someone is predicting that the majority of cars in the U.S. will be electric, but still human-driven, and the next someone else is telling us most cars will be autonomous and won't even be owned by those riding in them. The latest prediction posits that babies born today will never drive a car. Ever.

1.3.17 Education DIVE
"5 higher ed leaders to watch in 2017 (and beyond)"
The office of the college president has seen high rates of turnover of late, a testament to the increasing stressors of the job. Leaders are being asked to do more with less, in many instances themselves donning additional hats because of budget shortfalls. They are fundraisers, lobbyists, spokespersons, sometimes they are even professors. Defenders of the relevance of the higher education enterprise. Liaisons with industry. They are fielding attacks on the industry from people who say the cost of higher education is too high, but who often don't have solutions to decreased state funding

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