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3.22.19 Blocks & Files
"UC San Diego: Optane is great but...different"
Researchers at UC San Diego put the Intel Optane DC Persistent Memory Module through its paces and found that application performance varies widely. But the overall picture is that of a boost in performance from using Optane DIMMs. The same is true for the byte-addressable memory mapped mode, where performance for RocksDB increases 3.5 times, while Redis 3.2 gains just 20 per cent. Understanding the root causes of these differences is likely to be fertile ground for developers and researchers, the UC San Diego team notes.

3.20.19 HPC Wire
"What's New in HPC Research: TensorFlow, Buddy Compression, Intel Optane & More"
TensorFlow - an emerging open-source framework that supports using distributed applications on heterogeneous hardware - is gaining popularity for ML applications. In this paper - written by a team from KTH Royal Institute of Technology, South Park Commons, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory - the authors discuss the viability of TensorFlow for running HPC workloads on supercomputers. They design four traditional benchmark HPC applications and demonstrate that TensorFlow can take full advantage of high-performance networks and accelerators.

3.20.19 Science Node
"The robots that dementia caregivers want"
Building robots that can help people with dementia has been a longtime goal for roboticists. Yet until now, no one has sought to survey informal caregivers, such as family members, about what characteristics and roles these robots should have. A team of scientists at the University of California San Diego (UC San Diego) attempted to address this by spending six months co-designing robots with family members, social workers, and other caregivers.

3.19.19 Forbes
"Game-Changing Memory And Solid State Storage Technologies Integral To Intel's Long-Term Vision"
Intel is often identified solely by its various processor lines, but it most certainly is not a one-trick pony. Intel has made a concerted effort recently to spread the word regarding its 5G aspirations, but networking (both wired and wireless), I/O, FPGAs, core logic, power management, memory and storage technologies are all major, long-term focuses for the company as well -- essentially anything that hangs-off of a CPU or complements it in some way is fair game. Today, an editorial written by Rob Crooke, SVP and General Manager of the Non-Volatile Memory (NVM) Solutions Group at Intel

3.19.19 ECN Magazine
"The Robots That Dementia Caregivers Want: Robots for Joy, Robots for Sorrow"
Building robots that can help people with dementia has been a longtime goal for roboticists. Yet until now, no one has sought to survey informal caregivers, such as family members, about what characteristics and roles these robots should have. A team of scientists at the University of California San Diego sought to address this by spending six months co-designing robots with family members, social workers, and other caregivers who care for people with dementia. They are presenting their findings at the Human Robot Interaction conference March 11 to 14 in South Korea.

3.19.19 Medgadget
"Caregivers Want Robots to Take Care of Annoying Dementia Sufferers"
People with dementia, as well as those that take care of them, can benefit from a bit of robotic assistance. There are a few robots on the market that are designed to help elderly people around the house, but not too much exists for those suffering from cognitive decline. While there's been development in this field, researchers at the University of California, San Diego wanted to find out what kinds of robots would actually help. The team brought together a group of caregivers that have a good deal of experience with dementia patients.

3.18.19 The Next Platform
"RESEARCHERS SCRUTINIZE OPTANE MEMORY PERFORMANCE"
When Intel starts shipping its "Cascade Lake" Xeons in volume soon, it will mark a turning point in the server space. But not for processors - for memory. The Cascade Lake Xeon SP will be the first chip to support Intel's Optane DC Persistent Memory, a product that will pioneer a new memory tier that occupies the performance and capacity gap between DRAM and SSDs. Like Intel's Optane SSDs, Optane DC Persistent Memory Modules (PMM) are equipped with 3D XPoint, a non-volatile memory technology co-developed by Intel and Micron.

3.18.19 Medical Press
"The robots that dementia caregivers want: robots for joy, robots for sorrow"
Building robots that can help people with dementia has been a longtime goal for roboticists. Yet until now, no one has sought to survey informal caregivers, such as family members, about what characteristics and roles these robots should have. A team of scientists at the University of California San Diego sought to address this by spending six months co-designing robots with family members, social workers, and other caregivers who care for people with dementia. They are presenting their findings at the Human Robot Interaction conference March 11 to 14 in South Korea.

3.18.19 The Science Times
"The robots that dementia caregivers want: robots for joy, robots for sorrow"
Building robots that can help people with dementia has been a longtime goal for roboticists. Yet until now, no one has sought to survey informal caregivers, such as family members, about what characteristics and roles these robots should have. A team of scientists at the University of California San Diego sought to address this by spending six months co-designing robots with family members, social workers, and other caregivers who care for people with dementia. They are presenting their findings at the Human Robot Interaction conference March 11 to 14 in South Korea.

3.15.19 ABC 10 News San Diego
"UC San Diego researchers create new way to field test for Fentanyl"
Researchers at UC San Diego have developed a new way to field test for Fentanyl, a dangerous opioid that is deadly even in trace amounts. Similar to diabetes testing strips that measure glucose levels, the scientists at the Center for Wearable Sensors created a testing strip that can detect Fentanyl. "You simply swipe the surface and collect the sample and analyze it in one or two minutes, on the spot," says Joseph Wang, the Center's Director.

3.14.19 The San Diego Union Tribune
"Huge surge in foreign students helping UC San Diego diversity and pay its bills"
Yuan Gao was quick to say yes when a message arrived from UC San Diego offering him admission to a campus 7,000 miles from his home in southeast China. "It has a supercomputer," said Gao, a freshman who studies data science. "Not many schools have that. It'll help me become what I want to be." Reeling from reduced state funding, UC San Diego decided to heavily recruit international students, primarily because they pay at least twice as much as California residents in tuition and fees. The university says the money helps subsidize the cost of educating Californians,

3.14.19 IEEE Spectrum
"A Peek into the Future of Wearables"
Sitting near me in a Stanford University conference room last month was someone wearing the latest Apple Watch. It seemed like the latest in wearable tech when the Wearable Tech + Digital Health + Neurotech Conference started--not so much a few hours later. That's because the advances in hardware and software discussed by researchers and entrepreneurs on the stage are already, at minimum, laboratory prototypes. An example includes chemical-sensing smart glasses being developed by the team of Joseph Wang, director of the Center for Wearable Sensors at UC San Diego.

3.9.19 The San Diego Union Tribune
"How to better recycle all those batteries? This UCSD professor has some ideas"
In an increasingly high-tech world where smartphones are ubiquitous and the growth in the number of electric vehicles on the road is expected to explode, scientists and engineers are trying to solve a big problem: How to recycle the batteries that make all of those things work. The U.S. Department of Energy recently launched its first lithium-ion recycling hub, called the ReCell Center, and a UC San Diego professor will add his expertise in the campaign to help the United States grow a competitive recycling industry and reduce the country's reliance on foreign sources of battery materials.

3.8.19 Dark Daily
"University of California San Diego Researchers Demonstrates How Easily Medical Laboratory Systems and Devices Can Be Compromised, Putting Patient Live"
Medical laboratory information systems (LIS) and similar devices are vulnerable to hacking, according to physicians and computer scientists from the University of California San Diego (UCSD) and the University of California Davis (UCD). They recently completed a study that exposed the vulnerabilities of these systems and revealed how clinical laboratory test results can be manipulated and exploited to put patient lives at risk.

3.7.19 Science News
"Nanosponges sop up toxins and help repair tissues"
To take his fledgling lab to new heights, Liangfang Zhang hatched a plan that he considered brilliant in its simplicity. It involved procedures that many of his peers found a little out there. But if he could make his idea work, it would clear a major hurdle to safely ferry therapies through the body on nanoparticles one-thousandth the width of a human hair.

3.7.19 C&EN
"New method for field detection of fentanyl"
Fentanyl, an extremely potent synthetic opioid, has flooded the illicit drug market in the US. First responders arriving at the scene of an overdose, or law enforcement officers conducting drug searches, need to know what compounds they're dealing with to avoid potentially dangerous exposures. In an effort to provide a cost-effective, field-compatible method to detect fentanyl, UC San Diego researchers have developed an electrochemical sensor that takes as little as one minute to identify the drug.

2.28.19 NBC
"UCSD Students Modernize Tijuana's Emergency Response System"
An app being developed by students could help to save countless lives in Mexico. In Tijuana, 13 ambulances serve a city of almost 1.7 million people. They are run by Cruz Roja, of the Red Cross. The ambulances are dispatched by radios but are not tracked in real time, making effective dispatching a challenge. This can slow down patients' access to emergency care at a time when they need it the most.Students at UC San Diego?s Jacobs School of Engineering are creating a mobile application that will change that.

2.28.19 Design World
"Robotics Summit & Expo keynote lineup"
The Robotics Summit & Expo, produced by The Robot Report, has announced the keynote lineup for the June 5-6 event at Boston's Seaport World Trade Center. The Robotics Summit focuses on the technical issues involved with the design, development, manufacture and delivery of commercial-class robots. Click here to see the Robotics Summit speaker lineup. Registration for the Robotics Summit is also open. Register by March 29 to take advantage of the early bird discount of $495 for full-conference passes. Academic registration is $295 and expo-only passes are just $50.

2.22.19 The Robot Report
"6 takeaways from the ROS-I Conference"
Open-source software for robots is becoming increasingly widespread in industry as well as academia. For some companies, the Robot Operation System (ROS) is already a competitive and innovative factor. The ROS-Industrial (ROS-I) Conference in Stuttgart, Germany, showed what developers and users are currently doing and why Amazon and Google are now using ROS for their robotics efforts. Interest in ROS has increased significantly in recent years. Developed in 2007, ROS initially became the de facto standard, not only in research, but also for service robot technologies.

2.21.19 National Geographic
"These animals inspire better body armor for humans"
If you've seen best-picture contender Black Panther leading up to this weekend's Academy Awards, you probably marveled (gulp) at the title character's vibranium suit. It's pretty much the coolest armor ever made. Except, perhaps, for some animals who make their own. Shells, exoskeletons, scales--it makes us wonder about these real-life super suits. Just how strong are they?

2.21.19 The Robot Report
"Registration open for Robotics Summit & Expo"
Business-to-business publisher WTWH Media announced that registration is now open for the Robotics Summit & Expo, the international event focused on the design, development, manufacture, and delivery of commercial-class robotics systems. The 2019 Robotics Summit takes place on June 5 and 6 at the Seaport World Trade Center in Boston. It will be co-located with WTWH Media's DeviceTalks Boston event.

2.20.19 San Diego Union-Tribune
"Emergency response modernized in Tijuana with help from UC San Diego undergrads"
In Tijuana, a border city of about 1.8 million in the grips of an unprecedented spike in violence, an average ambulance response time is 24 minutes-- sometimes too late to save a person's life. That's why a group of students at UC San Diego's Jacobs School of Engineering teamed up with Cruz Roja (Red Cross) to create a mobile application to make it easier for emergency medical crews to provide lifesaving help.

2.19.19 Electronics Weekly
"Adding alkali metal to perovskite solar cells changes the solar game"
Researchers from Georgia Tech, UC San Diego and MIT have discovered that adding alkali metal to perovskite solar cells could enable energy devices to last longer and maintain better performance. Recently, there has been a push to try different perovskite recipes that will yield better efficiencies. This includes adding cesium and rubidium cations. But it was not previously known why this worked. The researchers used high-intensity X-ray mapping to get a better glimpse of perovskites at the nanoscale and see how each individual element plays a role in improving the performance of the device.

2.18.19 Laser Focus World
"Alkali metals improve efficiency of perovskite solar cells"
Perovskite-based solar cells are simple and cheap to produce, offer flexibility that could unlock a wide new range of installation methods and places, and in recent years have reached energy efficiencies approaching those of traditional silicon-based cells. But figuring out how to produce perovskite-based solar cells that last longer than a couple of months has been a challenge. Now researchers have reported new findings about that could lead the way to better perovskite devices. The researchers described in detail how adding alkali metal to traditional perovskites improves performance.

2.17.19 SingularityHub
"Sensors and Machine Learning Are Giving Robots a Sixth Sense"
According to some scientists, humans really do have a sixth sense. There's nothing supernatural about it: the sense of proprioception tells you about the relative positions of your limbs and the rest of your body. Close your eyes, block out all sound, and you can still use this internal "map" of your external body to locate your muscles and body parts - you have an innate sense of the distances between them, and the perception of how they're moving, above and beyond your sense of touch. This sense is invaluable for allowing us to coordinate our movements.

2.16.19 hackster.io
"Researchers Develop a Soft Robotic Finger with Self-Perception"
Soft robotics is a rapidly growing field that has a huge amount of potential in applications where traditional rigid robots would be unsafe or unwieldy. But, building a soft robot comes with a number of unique challenges, particularly when it comes to actuation and position sensing. Fortunately, a newly-developed soft robotic finger with its own sense of self-perception may dramatically improve the situation.

2.15.19 The Scientist
"Tiny, Motorized Pill Delivers Vaccine to Mouse Intestine"
A new type of vaccine vehicle--this one literally has a teeny tiny motor--can drive itself to the mucosal linings of mouse intestines, potentially allowing for broader protection against infection. Nanoengineers Liangfang Zhang and Joseph Wang at the University of California San Diego teamed up to design an ingestible device that can navigate the digestive system of rodents, stick itself to the mucosal lining of the gut, and deliver its payload. Aside from obviating the need for shots, the team says, the motorized vaccine may have another crucial benefit: its ability to build mucosal immunity.

2.15.19 IEEE Spectrum
"Video Friday: Final Goodbye to Opportunity Rover, and More"
I have no idea what to even say about the Opportunity rover. I'm not sure that the amazing people at JPL do, either. But they're trying, and this video is a sort of media reel put together by JPL with a mission overview at the beginning followed by some interviews and it's very much worth watching. I remember being in high school and following along with the landing, and especially vivid is when the signal goes all wonky because the rover is bouncing around on the surface in its airbag cocoon. Re-watching that here gives me all the feels all over again.

2.13.19 India Times Lifestyle
"'Robot Revolution': 11 Things Robots And AI Have Achieved So Far"
While the jury's out on whether robots are a threat to our jobs and this field remains controversial, one thing's certain: whether you like it or not, robots and AI are only becoming smarter and more efficient with each passing day. It's a rosy picture at the moment (or is it?). Our expectations are slowly taking flight: robots are serving us food, offering companionship and emotional support, helping us look for life on other planets, the list goes on. But an AI that can truly match our intellectual and emotional capabilities is yet to see light of day.

2.12.19 Science & Innovation
"What the new artificial intelligence initiative does?and doesn't?mean"
On February 11, U.S. President Donald Trump signed an executive order to launch the American Artificial Intelligence Initiative, which will focus federal resources on the development of AI. The executive order outlines five key areas of focus: research and development, availability of data and resources, ethical standards and governance, education, and international collaboration that also protects American interests. "No advance has captured our imagination more than artificial intelligence," Michael Kratsios, deputy U.S. chief technology officer, wrote

2.12.19 Fast Company
"7 problems with Trump?s "American AI" Initiative"
On Monday, President Donald Trump signed an executive order on the "American AI Initiative," a set of sweeping guidelines aimed to increase the United States's global competitiveness in the cutting-edge technology. The policy has five key elements, which are detailed on the White House's Office of Science and Technology Policy's website, including investment in R&D, providing more resources (though not money) to experts, introducing ethical standards for development and use, prioritizing training for people who could lose their jobs due to automation, and working with other countries

2.11.19 San Diego Union-Tribune
"UCSD students will try to launch rocket 6 miles into atmosphere"
A team of UC San Diego engineering students has built a liquid-fueled rocket that it will attempt to launch roughly six miles into the atmosphere during a collegiate competition in the Mojave Desert. The 21-foot tall Vulcan II rocket is scheduled to lift off from a site near Edwards Air Force Base on March 2 as part of a contest sponsored by Friends of Amateur Rocketry and the Mars Society.

2.11.19 Wired
"AUTOCOMPLETE PRESENTS THE BEST VERSION OF YOU"
Many variants on the predictive text meme--which works for both Android and iOS--can be found on social media. Not interested in predicting your 2019? Try writing your villain origin story by following your phone's suggestions after typing "Foolish heroes! My true plan is ?" Test the strength of your personal brand with "You should follow me on Twitter because ?" Or launch your political career with "I am running for president with my running mate, @[3rd Twitter Suggestion], because we ?"

2.8.19 PV Magazine
"Understanding why cesium and rubidium salt improve the yield of perovskite solar cells"
Researchers at the University of California San Diego explain how adding small amounts of cesium or rubidium salt to perovskite-based solar cells can increase performance by around 2%. According to their paper published in Science, the addition of alkali metal to lead-halide perovskites was a well-known process to increase performance, but no explanation of why this was possible was available. The discovery could rapidly advance work to identify the perfect mix of compounds and elements in a perovskite layer for use in solar cells.

2.7.19 NPR
"Avoiding The Ouch: Scientists Are Working On Ways To Swap The Needle For A Pill"
Many vaccines and some medicines, such as insulin, have to be delivered by injection. That's a pain, both for patients and for health care providers. But two groups of researchers are trying to put some of these medications in pill form to avoid the needle. One team of scientists, from the University of California San Diego, developed an ingestible microrocket, about the size of a grain of sand, that is designed to zip past the stomach and into the small intestine, where it releases its payload -- a vaccine protein.

2.6.19 KPBS
"Test Your Assumptions With UC San Diego Citizen Science Online Tool"
A tool out of UC San Diego is empowering regular citizens to design experiments to test hypotheses and recruit participants, becoming scientists themselves. The tool is called Galileo and encourages participants to test their intuitions by asking questions like, can a vegan diet improve energy levels? Or does drinking coffee every day reduce the quality of sleep? The lead developer is a computer science PhD student.

2.4.19 The New Yorker
"A Grand Plan To Clean The Great Pacific Garbage Patch"
In May, 2017, a twenty-two-year-old Dutch entrepreneur named Boyan Slat unveiled a contraption that he believed would rid the oceans of plastic. In a former factory in Utrecht, a crowd of twelve hundred people stood before a raised stage. The setting was futuristic and hip. A round screen set in the stage floor displayed 3-D images of Earth; behind Slat, another screen charted the rapid accumulation of plastic in the Pacific Ocean since the nineteen-fifties. Slat is pale and slight, and has long brown hair that resembles Patti Smith?s in the "Horses" era.

1.30.19 IEEE Spectrum
"Neural Electrodes Snake Around Blood Vessels, Up Nerves"
Getting neurons to communicate with electronics has always been hard -- hard on the neurons, that is. Arrays of rigid metal electrodes implanted in the brain pierce blood vessels and dislodge support cells, causing the body to cover up the array with an insulating scar, which prevents many incoming signals from getting through. Engineers now think shape-memory materials could do the job much better, because they can be programmed to snake around blood vessels and climb nerves like a vine.

1.18.19 IEEE Spectrum
"A 3D Bioprinter Makes a Spinal Cord Implant in 1.6 Seconds"
3D bioprinting -- building tissues by putting down layers of cells and other materials -- has led to the manufacturing of human tissues including corneas, skin, and blood vessels. Now, a team at the University of California San Diego, is raising the bar. In a paper published this week in the journal Nature Medicine, they describe a 3D-printed spinal cord implant that restored function in the hind limbs of rats with spinal cord injuries. It is the first 3D printing of a complex central nervous system structure, according to the authors.

1.18.19 Fresh Brewed Tech
"TritonTech: Nanome"
Meet Steven McCloskey, a University of California San Diego alumni from the world's first Department of Nanoengineering's inaugural class, who, along with his team, is building a virtual world where users can experiment, design, collaborate, and learn at the nanoscale.

1.18.19 EE Times
"Who's Who in AI Today"
Todd Hylton from the University of California, San Diego, proposed the concept of thermodynamic computing as a potential future direction for computing research. Its evolution can be biased through programming, training and rewarding.

1.16.19 ABC 10News - San Diego
"UC San Diego researchers use stem cells, 3D-printing to treat spinal cord injuries"
Researchers at UC San Diego published a study this week, showing that a mix of 3D printing and stem cell therapy can be used to treat severe spinal cord injuries. Scientists from the schools of engineering, biomedicine and neuroscience collaborated on the project, which they say is a huge breakthrough for people with paralysis. In tests on rodents, the 3D spinal cord and stem cells spurred new neuron growth and helped restore function.

1.16.19 New Atlas
"Feather-inspired tech may give Velcro a run for its money"
Tarah Sullivan, a researcher at the University of California San Diego, studied bird feathers to better understand their properties, and may have found feather-inspired competition for Velcro.

1.15.19 The San Diego Union Tribune
"Stem cell-filled implant restores some spinal cord function in UC San Diego animal study"
Stem cell-filled implants helped repair spinal cord damage in animals, according to a study led by UC San Diego scientists. If all goes well, the implants with neural stem cells could be ready for testing in human patients in a few years. Rats with completely severed spinal cords regained some voluntary motion after getting the implants, said the study, published Monday in the journal Nature Medicine.

1.14.19 WIRED
"Bio-Printers Are Churning out Living Fixes to Broken Spines"
For doctors and medical researchers repairing the human body, a 3D printer has become almost as valuable as an x-ray machine, microscope, or a sharp scalpel. Researchers say that bio-printed tissue can be used to test the effects of drug treatments, for example, with an eventual goal of printing entire organs that can be grown and then transplanted into a patient. The latest step towards 3D-printed replacements of failed human parts comes from a team at the University of California San Diego. It has bio-printed a section of spinal cord that can be custom-fit into a patient's injury.

1.14.19 Times of San Diego
"UCSD Scientists Demonstrate Use of 3D Printing with Stem Cells for Spinal Repair"
UC San Diego researchers have for the first time used 3D printing technology to create a spinal cord and implant it with neural stem cells into rats with spinal cord injuries, the university announced Monday. The implant is designed to promote nerve growth and regrowth for victims of severe spinal cord injuries, according to the researchers. For the rats in the study, the 3D printed spinal cords spurred tissue growth, the regeneration of nerve cell extensions called axons and expansion of the implanted neural stem cells into the rat's natural spinal cord.

1.14.19 National Geographic
"12 innovations that will revolutionize the future of medicine"
We've seen an explosion of tech-driven gains and innovations that have the potential to reshape many aspects of health and medicine. All around us, technologies from artificial intelligence (AI) to personal genomics and robotics are advancing exponentially, giving form to the future of medicine. These include a wearable patch, smaller than a postage stamp, that keeps the beat -- heartbeat, that is. It measures blood pressure deep within the body by emitting ultrasonic waves that pierce the skin and bounce off tissues and blood, feeding data back to a laptop.

1.14.19 C&EN
"Custom 3-D printed implants heal spinal cord injuries in rats"
With the help of a 3-D printed hydrogel implant, researchers have demonstrated that they can restore leg movement in rats with severe spinal cord injuries. Using a fast, light-based printing technique, the team tailored the implants to precisely fit a cut or tear in a spinal cord, guiding nerve cells to grow across the injury site and reestablish neural connection.

1.10.19 NBC
"Human Bacteria Research at UCSD Lends Insight Into Mental Health, Nutrition, Cancer"
Scientists at the University of California, San Diego Center for Microbiome Innovation say the human microbiome--the billions of bacteria, fungi, and other microorganisms in your body--is a new frontier in understanding human health.

1.4.19 Design News
"Bioprinting Technique Makes It Easier to Study Human Tissues and Organs"
Researchers have developed an easy-to-use bioprinting technique for creating human tissues and organ models that they hope will be used by scientists to improve healthcare and pharmaceutical solutions for disease and other medical conditions. Bioengineers at the University of California San Diego (UCSD) developed the method, which works with natural materials and produces artificial but lifelike organ tissue models.

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