"MMST brings these cross-agency groups together to see how they work, and what we are trying to do is make those processes work more seamlessly," said Ramesh Rao, Calit2's division director at UCSD and co-principal investigator on a two-year-old project called WIISARD (Wireless Internet Information System for Medical Response in Disasters). "From the Calit2 perspective, it's an opportunity for WIISARD to incorporate new technologies in a live drill that brings together real first responders from the community."
After the drill, Griswold and McCurdy said the Reality Flythrough's use of the mesh network was a success. "We were able to get two high-quality video streams going at 10 frames per second, about 200K bytes per second over the network," explained Griswold. "We successfully roamed across three mesh nodes and got excellent coverage of the scene." McCurdy will offer details of the software engineering project in a presentation at the third annual International Conference on Mobile Systems, Applications and Services next month in Seattle.
Another new technology demonstrated for the first time during the drill let first responders enhance the quality of care provided to victims. Five wireless-enabled PDAs were outfitted with software to help first responders keep track of victims' locations and triage status. "We have this new provider interface for capturing data," explained Lenert. "The electronic data is captured at the point of triage and while they're caring for patients, and this information can be transmitted automatically via the Internet back to hospitals and a command center."
"MMST has realized that law enforcement is an integral part of medical disaster response, and to better coordinate that, they anticipate that technologies like this can be useful in communicating from law enforcement to medical responders without distracting law enforcement from their duties," said Griswold. "We've also had some interest from SWAT officials because these technologies would allow SWAT teams to communicate information silently back to their commanders. Currently they have to use hand signals or radios, both of which put them at risk from exposing their positions."
The network consisted of a series of four 802.11b Wi-Fi access points piggybacking on each other and sharing their combined access to a third-generation EVDO (data optimized) cellular network. "So the bandwidth that one first responder used did not have to come from the nearest box that was serving that responder," said Rao. "You could suck in bandwidth from the various gateways that fed this mesh network, and make it available to whatever applications needed it. Reconfigurability and rapid adaptability are examples of things introduced in this network, and they flow out of other Calit2 projects, including RESCUE and Adaptive Systems."
The first-responder community has welcomed the UCSD team and worked closely with the university researchers and their corporate partners. "We recognize their faces, we can wander in and out of their spaces and they're comfortable with us being there," noted Rao. "We are even starting to speak a similar language."
As for when the WIISARD technologies will be commonly available to first responders in a crisis, that day may not be far off. "What I expect is that in two to three years we will see the first commercial handhelds that do the types of data collection we're doing, but only if the infrastructure to do it is available," said WIISARD PI Lenert. "So I expect very rapid commercialization of this technology."
The WIISARD team is now looking ahead to November, when San Diego will stage a massive medical disaster response drill at the Del Mar Fairgrounds. "We've been in a mode of building infrastructure in the past year," said Lenert. "Now we can focus on applications."