157. tri-dimensional printing as an advanced technique in manufacturing bioinspired materials

Department: Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering
Research Institute Affiliation: Graduate Program in Materials Science and Engineering
Faculty Advisor(s): Marc A. Meyers

Primary Student
Name: Audrey Josephina Velasco-Hogan
Email: ajvelasc@ucsd.edu
Phone: 707-266-4829
Grad Year: 2021

Abstract
Nature, through the mechanism of evolution, has developed strategies to produce remarkable biological materials and structures. These systems are often multifunctional, adaptable, self-assemble, and have hierarchical characteristics which contribute to their unique properties that distinguish them from synthetic materials. Understanding nature's concepts provides insight into novel design architecture that is necessary to produce superior synthetic analogs. Tri-dimensional (3-D) printing is a rapid prototyping technique that can generate intricate 3-D structures. This advanced technique is used to replicate the defining characteristics of biological designs to further understand the effective mechanisms nature has originated. Specifically, Aristotle's lantern, alligator gar scales, feather barbules, whale baleen, and the seahorse tail have been successfully translated into a synthetic system using 3-D printing to highlight their defining structural motifs. Furthermore, 3-D printing is used to translate biological design concepts to synthetic analogs which allows for exploration of new avenues for designer architectures for tissue engineering, biomedical devices, drug delivery, aerospace engineering and many more fields.

Industry Application Area(s)
Aerospace, Defense, Security | Life Sciences/Medical Devices & Instruments | Materials

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