68. directed evolution to engineer monobody for fret biosensor assembly and imaging at live-cell surface

Department: Bioengineering
Faculty Advisor(s): Yingxiao Wang

Primary Student
Name: Praopim Limsakul
Email: plimsaku@ucsd.edu
Phone: 858-249-9303
Grad Year: 2018

Student Collaborators
Helen Masson, hmasson@eng.ucsd.edu

Abstract
Monitoring enzymatic activities at the cell surface is challenging due to the poor efficiency of transport and membrane integration of fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET)-based biosensors. Therefore, we developed a hybrid biosensor with separate donor and acceptor that assemble in situ. The directed evolution and sequence-function analysis technologies were integrated to engineer a monobody variant (PEbody) that binds to R-phycoerythrin (R-PE) dye. PEbody was used for visualizing the dynamic formation/separation of intercellular junctions. We further fused PEbody with the enhanced CFP and an enzyme-specific peptide at the extracellular surface to create a hybrid FRET biosensor upon R-PE capture for monitoring membrane-type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) activities. This biosensor revealed asymmetric distribution of MT1-MMP activities, which were high and low at loose and stable cell-cell contacts, respectively. Therefore, directed evolution and rational design are promising tools to engineer molecular binders and hybrid FRET biosensors for monitoring molecular regulations at the surface of living cells.

Industry Application Area(s)
Life Sciences/Medical Devices & Instruments | Biotechnology

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