current and charge demand scheduling of parallel placed (second-life) batteries

Department: Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering
Research Institute Affiliation: Sustainable Power and Energy Center
Faculty Advisor(s): Raymond A. De Callafon

Primary Student
Name: Yunfeng Jiang
Phone: 858-349-2514
Grad Year: 2019

This poster presents a centralized recursive optimal scheduling method for a battery system that consists of parallel connected battery modules with different open circuit voltages and battery impedance characteristics. Examples of such a battery system can be found in second-life, exchangeable or repurposed battery systems in which batteries with different charge or age characteristics are combined to create a larger storage capacity. The proposed method in this paper takes advantage of the availability of buck regulators in the battery management system (BMS) to compute the optimal voltage adjustment of the individual modules to minimize the effect of stray currents between the parallel connected battery modules. Our proposed method recursively computes the optimal current scheduling that balances (equals) each module current and maximize total bus current without violating any of the battery modules operating constraints. Recursive implementation guarantees robust operation as the battery modules operating parameters change as the battery pack (dis)charges or ages. In order to demonstrate the capability of this method in real battery system, an experimental setup of 3 parallel placed battery modules is built. The experimental results validate the feasibility and show the advantages of this current scheduling method in a real battery application, despite the fact that each module may have different impedance, open circuit voltage and charge parameters.

Industry Application Area(s)
Control Systems | Energy/Clean technology

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