11.15.19 IEEE Spectrum
"Expert Discusses Key Challenges for the Next Generation of Wearables"
During a talk about biochemistry wearables at ApplySci's 12th Wearable Tech + Digital Health + Neurotech event at Harvard on 14 November, UC San Diego nanoengineering professor Joseph Wang outlined some of the key challenges to making such wearables that monitor biochemistry as ubiquitous and unobtrusive as the Apple Watch. Wang identified three engineering problems that must be tackled: flexibility, power, and treatment delivery. He also discussed potential solutions that his research team has identified for each of these problems.
11.7.19 Asgardian, The Space Nation
"Sea Urchin: A Great Inspiration for Engineers"
We've seen a variety of bio-inspired robots: there is the RoboBee inspired by insects, the Tunabot that mimics fish, the robot inspired by a flying squid, and many more. Still, we bet you've never seen a robot based on the body plan of the sea urchin! However, the animal has inspired engineers before. Sea urchins, close relatives of sea stars and sea cucumbers, are actually pretty amazing marine animals. They seem great, before you accidentally step on one. This week, the team presented a machine that 'incorporates anatomical features unique to sea urchins,' and
11.6.19 IEEE Spectrum
"What Is the Uncanny Valley?"
Have you ever encountered a lifelike humanoid robot or a realistic computer-generated face that seem a bit off or unsettling, though you can't quite explain why? Take for instance AVA, one of the "digital humans" created by New Zealand tech startup Soul Machines as an on-screen avatar for Autodesk. Watching a lifelike digital being such as AVA can be both fascinating and disconcerting. AVA expresses empathy through her demeanor and movements: slightly raised brows, a tilt of the head, a nod.
11.6.19 Medical Press
"Mutations linked to expression of genes associated with complex traits"
Hard-to-study mutations in the human genome, called short tandem repeats, known as STRs or microsatellites, are implicated in the expression of genes associated with complex traits including schizophrenia, inflammatory bowel disease and even height and intelligence. That's the conclusion of a study published in the Nov. 1 issue of Nature Genetics by a team of researchers at the University of California San Diego. They were led by Melissa Gymrek, a UC San Diego professor of computer science and medicine, and Alon Goren, a UC San Diego professor of medicine.
"More Fungi Live in Urban Homes Than in Jungle Huts"
The differences between living in city apartments and in jungle huts that are open to nature may profoundly affect our health, according to the new study.
11.5.19 Union Tribune
"The Hunt for Life Beyond Earth Begins in the Oceans"
If life can survive in the harshest spots on Earth, could it exist in other parts of the solar system?
11.5.19 MD Magazine
"William Sandborn, MD: Updates From ACG 2019"
William Sandborn, MD, chief of the division of gastroenterology at the University of California, San Diego, explained in an interview with MD Magazine® some of the crucial studies presented during the meeting.
10.29.19 New Atlas
"Another super suction cup channels the spirit of the clingfish"
It was just a few weeks ago that we heard how scientists from the University of Washington had developed a highly-effective suction cup inspired by the humble clingfish. Well, researchers at the University of California-San Diego have taken a different approach to create one of their own, and they've even used it on an underwater robot.
10.23.19 New Atlas
""Smart" pacifier designed to measure babies' glucose levels"
Because of infants' soft, sensitive skin, it's generally not a good idea to rig them up with medical biosensors that are taped directly to their body. Scientists have therefore developed what could be an alternative, in the form a pacifier that measures glucose levels within the tykes' saliva. The proof-of-concept device was created by a team led by Prof. Joseph Wang of the University of California-San Diego, and Prof. Alberto Escarpa from Spain's University of Alcalá.
10.23.19 The China press
"Chinese scientists design robotic catheter to rescue endangered northern white rhinoceros"
The last male northern white rhinoceros in the world died last year. Now there are only two female northern white rhinoceros left in the world. The San Diego Zoo in Southern California and the University of California San Diego have partnered to help save the Northern White Rhinoceros from extinction. UC San Diego engineers originally planned to design flexible robotic catheters for human colonoscopy. But reproductive scientists at the San Diego Zoo found that these robotic instruments could be used to help save endangered animals.
10.22.19 San Diego Business Journal
"Changing Hydration from Guessing Game to a Science"
Hydrostasis, a hydration monitoring startup founded by a UC San Diego Bioengineering alumna, gets a boost from a partnership between the Institute for the Global Entrepreneur and the Altman Clinical and Translational Research Institute.
10.21.19 Quanta Magazine
"Mathematicians Begin to Tame Wild 'Sunflower' Problem"
A team of mathematicians and computer scientists has finally made progress on a seemingly simple problem that has bedeviled researchers for nearly six decades. Posed by the mathematicians Paul Erdos and Richard Rado in 1960, the problem concerns how often you would expect to find patterns resembling sunflowers in large collections of objects, such as a large scattering of points in the plane. While the new result doesn't fully solve Erdos and Rado's sunflower conjecture, it advances the mathematical understanding of how surprisingly intricate structures emerge out of randomness.
10.17.19 Yahoo! Finance
"Conference on Collaborative Robots, Advanced Vision and Artificial Intelligence Comes to San Jose November 12-13"
Automation experts--and those who want to explore how to grow their business with the latest trends and innovations--will descend on San Jose November 12-13 for the Collaborative Robots, Advanced Vision & AI (CRAV.ai) Conference. Sponsored by the Association for Advancing Automation (A3), this conference is ideal for engineers and manufacturers seeking effective ways to reduce cost, improve quality and advance productivity, while increasing flexibility. CRAV.ai also holds appeal for experienced users seeking new applications or prospective users trying to determine if robotics,
10.17.19 New York Times | Parenting
"Peeing Your Pants After Pregnancy Is Preventable"
Stress urinary incontinence may be a side effect of giving birth, but several treatment options can help clear it up.
10.16.19 Chemistry World
"Armoured scales that protect huge Amazonian fish from piranhas reveal their secrets"
The scales of Arapaima gigas -- one of the largest freshwater fish on Earth -- have been revealed to be one of the toughest flexible materials found in nature. The discovery by a team of researchers based in California points to a way of improving lightweight armour. However, shortcomings in 3D printing means that scaly bulletproof vests may be a while off yet.
10.16.19 Freight Waves
"EVs to the rescue: Lessons from a California blackout"
When the lights went out in California last week, one resident used the power stored in his electric vehicle (EV) to keep his oxygen machine up and running. That story, repeated with variations around the state, called attention to a vision of the future where people use their electric cars and trucks to power homes and businesses. "If we cannot get power from the original source, we can use local generation," said Gil Tal, director of the Plug-in Hybrid & Electric Vehicle (PH&EV) Research Center at UC Davis. "The electric vehicle is one way to make the grid more reliable."
10.16.19 Courthouse News Service
"Uncovering the Secrets of the Toughest Fish Scales on Earth"
The exceedingly rare and massive Arapaima gigas fish, which is also known as the South American pirarucu, can grow to lengths of 15 feet and develop multilayered scales -- some as thick as a grain of rice. The species developed its scales over time in order to protect itself from grisly piranhas lurking in its habitat. Engineers from the University of California, Berkeley, and UC San Diego, who specialize in developing synthetic armors, began studying the arapaima after struggling to create a tough, yet flexible material.
"This Huge Amazonian Fish that Lives in Piranha-Infested Waters Has Some of the Toughest Scales on the Planet"
Scientists who studied why the scales of a huge Amazonian fish, which lives piranha-infested waters, are some of the toughest in the world hope their work could help to create armor. In order to survive in lakes of the Amazon, the arapaima fish has evolved armor-like scales. The creature can grow up to 3 meters long, weigh 200kg and is thought to be the largest freshwater fish in the world, study co-author Wen Yang of the University of California, San Diego, Department of Nanoengineering, told Newsweek.
"Amazon fish wears nature's 'bullet-proof vest' to thwart piranhas"
One of the world's largest freshwater fish is protected by the natural equivalent of a "bullet-proof vest," helping it thrive in the dangerous waters of the Amazon River basin with flexible armor-like scales able to withstand ferocious piranha attacks. Researchers from the University of California San Diego and University of California Berkeley on Wednesday described the unique structure and impressive properties of the dermal armor of the fish, called Arapaima gigas. They said their findings can help guide development of better body armor for people as well as applications in aerospace desig
"This Technique Can Make It Easier for AI to Understand Videos"
You could spend the rest of your life trying to watch all the video footage posted on YouTube in a day. Researchers want to let AI watch and make sense of it instead. A group from MIT and IBM developed an algorithm capable of accurately recognizing actions in videos while consuming a small fraction of the processing power previously required. Xiaolong Wang, who specializes in using deep learning on video and who will become an assistant professor at UC San Diego next year, says the new work is impressive, but warns that AI algorithms do not truly understand what's going on in a video.