San Diego, CA, March 1, 2007 -- The University of California, San Diego is moving into a novel area of research for a university: diagnostic imaging and analytical testing of paintings, sculptures, buildings, as well as archaeological sites and artifacts. It has also lured a pioneer of the field from Florence to run the new center and several high-profile projects that are already underway.
"Science can bring so much to our understanding and appreciation of art," said Seracini, "and we are creating a new discipline where art and engineering go hand in hand."
CISA3 will pursue field projects around the world, while tapping the expertise of scientists and engineers at UC San Diego to develop new tools and techniques to search for clues to the true history of great works of art.
Center officials foresee training a new generation of interdisciplinary experts to work in this emerging field, and a partnership with the San Diego Museum of Art will give UCSD students hands-on experience in San Diego.
"Few universities can offer an environment where artists are encouraged to learn hard science, and engineers are encouraged to study the arts and humanities," said UCSD Chancellor Marye Anne Fox. "This new center has the goal of blending the student into a new type of researcher and practitioner who can help preserve our shared cultural heritage."
The new center is part of the California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology (Calit2) on the UC San Diego campus. It is a collaboration with the university's Division of Arts & Humanities and the Jacobs School of Engineering.
At today's press conference, the new center announced three inaugural projects. In January, CISA3 dispatched a team to Florence, where they scanned Leonardo Da Vinci's "The Annunciation" at various wavelengths of light, to assess its state of conservation and uncover the artist's initial sketches beneath the paint. Initial results will be published this spring, before the painting is temporarily moved from the Uffizi to a museum in Japan as part of a Da Vinci exhibition.
Unlike many of Da Vinci's paintings, which he left unfinished, the artist is believed to have painted "The Annunciation" from start to finish. Seracini first studied the painting in 1989, before some of today's most advanced diagnostic imaging technologies became available.
UCSD officials also today signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Province of Florence to study the Palazzo Medici - one of the most important structures of the Renaissance. The building in Florence became the prototype of Renaissance civil architecture and a symbol of the Medici family's primacy in Florence. It has belonged to the Province since 1874, which hopes to learn more about its history by opening the Palazzo Medici to researchers from UC San Diego.
"Our goal is to make the history of the Palazzo known, from an artistic and architectural point of view," said Matteo Renzi, President of the Province of Florence, who attended the signing ceremony in San Diego. "It is anticipated that these activities will require the use of highly advanced technologies in the image diagnostics area, followed by design and development of new methods that permit the location and detection of hidden mural paintings."
"We are particularly excited about this project because the Palazzo Medici will be a case study for understanding how structures evolve and survive over hundreds of years," said Frieder Seible, a structural engineer and Dean of UCSD's Jacobs School of Engineering. "We also hope to contribute our expertise in seismic retrofit technologies that could be useful in efforts to preserve such structures."
Murals, frescoes, artifacts and even hidden passageways are presumed to have disappeared after successive remodelings of the Palazzo Medici dating back more than 500 years. Using existing and still-to-be-developed technologies that will allow them to "see" inside walls, CISA3 researchers hope to rediscover how the structure itself has evolved since it was built in the mid-15th century. The results will be made available to the public in the form of interactive, 3D multimedia exhibits and television documentaries.
Digital Clinical Charts
Since the mid-1980s, CISA3 director Seracini has advocated for a new approach to conservation of artwork in museums and private collections: the "digital clinical chart." The concept is based on medical charts, and would involve a complete battery of tests to gauge the "health" of the artwork. Now, in conjunction with the San Diego Museum of Art, CISA3 has decided to embark on a pilot project to demonstrate the value of clinical charts as a baseline for future efforts at restoration, preservation and conservation of individual artworks.
In spring 2007, CISA3 will begin studies of half a dozen major works in the San Diego museum's permanent collection, including Giorgione's "Portrait of a Young Man", Juan Sánchez Cotán's "Quince, Cabbage, Melon and Cucumber", and Bernardino Luini's "The Conversion of the Magdalene".
"The results will guide us in deciding how to protect and preserve these works from future damage," said Derrick Cartwright, Executive Director of the museum. "At the same time, the San Diego Museum of Art hopes to use the process as a learning tool for audiences - a tool that will be integrated into the museum experience, to give visitors a much deeper understanding of how art is created."
The center builds on the 30-year career of its director. Maurizio Seracini has studied more than 2,500 of the world's most important paintings, frescoes, statues and historical buildings.
"When we learned of Maurizio's work, many of us began to sense that he and Calit2 were made for each other," said Calit2's Rao. "His techniques make him look like an engineer and a data analyst to many, but the object of his inquiry is art and architecture, an unusual combination. It was not hard to imagine developing a center around his unique perspective and the technological capabilities of scientists and engineers at UCSD and Calit2."
Seracini is a pioneer in the use of multispectral imaging and other diagnostic as well as analytical technologies as applied to works of art and structures. He joined Calit2 at UC San Diego in 2006, more than thirty years after graduating from UCSD with a B.A. in bioengineering in 1973. Seracini returned to Italy for graduate school and received the Laurea degree in electronic engineering from the University of Padua, where he went on to study medicine. From 1975-77, he participated in the "Leonardo Project," to locate the long-lost fresco, "The Battle of Anghiari" (a project sponsored by the Armand Hammer Foundation, Kress Foundation and Smithsonian Institute). In 1977, Seracini established Editech, a Florence-based company that was the first to provide art and architectural diagnostic services.