Improved maps for self-driving vehicles win Research Expo 2021
May 25, 2021-- From monitoring the structural integrity of airplane wings, to improving lithographic 3D printing processes, to creating better maps for self-driving cars, this year’s Research Expo symposium showcased the depth and breadth of work done by graduate engineering and computer science students at the University of California San Diego Jacobs School of Engineering.
Computer science Ph.D. students David Paz-Ruiz and Hengyuan Zhang took the top prize, the Lea Rudee Outstanding Poster Award, in addition to the Best Poster Award for the Department of Computer Science and Engineering. Their work focuses on improving the maps that self-driving vehicles use to navigate the world. They worked under the direction of Henrik Christensen, director of UC San Diego’s Contextual Robotics Institute and a professor in the computer science department.
|David Paz-Ruiz||Hengyuan Zhang|
Paz-Ruiz and Zhang are tackling a problem that makes it hard for self-driving cars to scale up: most rely on high-definition (HD) maps, with resolution as small as one centimeter, which are manually labeled.
The computer scientists instead created what is known as semantic maps--2D data based on camera images overlapping with point cloud maps. The maps contain information about drivable areas, crosswalks, sidewalks, and lane markings.
“Unlike HD maps, our maps do not include centimeter level annotations for the trajectories that the vehicle can follow,” Paz-Ruiz said. “Instead, we seek to generate these in real time.”
“Our semantic maps are generated without human labeling effort and can be continuously updated if the environment was to change in the future,” Zhang added.
Researchers can build a semantic map of campus in just a few hours. By contrast, an HD map would take weeks. In addition, the researchers’ maps can be used across different robots and different vehicles.
“At UCSD we are studying how smart vehicles can be used in urban areas such the university campus or a parking lot at the airport to assist people with daily tasks” adds Prof. Christensen
This year, the 39th annual Research Expo event was held virtually, with students submitting video presentations ahead of time, and answering questions about their work during the live event from judges, alumni and industry representatives. In all, 250 people attended the event.
In addition to Paz-Ruiz and Zhang, one research project from each of the Jacobs School’s six departments was recognized. They are listed below, with links to their video presentations:
Computer Science and Engineering
David Paz and Hengyuan Zhang
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
David Wirth and Justin Hochberg
Adrielly Hokama Razzini
Jacobs School of Engineering