UC San Diego researcher gets $15 million for nanosponge therapy

ABC 10News San Diego | October 21, 2020

A researcher at UC San Diego just got a $15 million grant to further his work into nanosponge therapy. Liangfang Zhang, a professor of nanoengineering and bioengineering, has been working on creating macrophage cellular nanosponges, tiny particles covered in white blood cell membranes, to treat sepsis and other diseases. The nanosponges act as decoys, tricking a disease or virus into binding with them instead of with human cells. While the initial aim is to treat sepsis, Zhang says it has applications to other deadly diseases, including COVID-19. Full Story


Adorable, squishy "Squidbot" goes for a swim

Daily Local News | October 18, 2020

The soft, self-propelling robot is designed to assist in vital undersea expeditions Full Story


Adorable, squishy "Squidbot" goes for a swim

NBC Right Now | October 16, 2020

The soft, self-propelling robot is designed to assist in vital undersea expeditions Full Story


Adorable, squishy "Squidbot" goes for a swim

Inside NOVA | October 16, 2020

The soft, self-propelling robot is designed to assist in vital undersea expeditions Full Story


Adorable, squishy "Squidbot" goes for a swim

East Oregonian | October 16, 2020

The soft, self-propelling robot is designed to assist in vital undersea expeditions Full Story


California designers build squid robot that swims underwater

MSN | October 16, 2020

A squid robot that propels itself by sucking and ejecting water has been designed by engineers at a university in California. Michael Tolley, professor at the University of California San Diego, said they took inspiration from the marine animal?s way of moving in the sea. They called the innovation "Squidbot" a wordplay at squid and robot. Squidbot is currently used to take clear photos and videos of marine animals disguised as the tentacled animal. By moving quickly and being disguised as another animal, it can get into places that other equipment struggle with. Full Story


Robo-Cthulhu: a robotic squid takes the plunge to see what lurks in the eldritch dark

SYFY Wire | October 15, 2020

Cthulhu might keep dreaming down in the murk of R'lyeh, but does he see any robots that look remotely like him swimming around in those blasphemous dreams? Using bioinspiration from how a squid propels itself through the water, a team of scientists developed a robotic cephalopod that could pass for a distant relative of the Great Cthulhu. This alien-looking machine carries its own power source and camera while propelling itself through the water. The thing about soft robots is that they can make observations of undersea life Full Story


Is Space Too Crowded?

CNN 10, YouTube | October 15, 2020

Coronavirus cases are on the rise in most U.S. states, and health officials are warning Americans to be more vigilant in the cooler months. Speaking of cooler months, a La Niña has formed in the Pacific, and meteorologists say it could affect the weather for months to come. Meantime, a crowded space environment is about to get more populated, and a "squidbot" could help scientists explore the sea. Full Story


This School Year Has Been Unlike Any Other

New York Times | October 14, 2020

Even when they are working alone, people tend to cluster together, which is a particular problem during the pandemic, when social distancing is the rule of the day. Enter a technology developed by a UC San Diego electrical engineering student, Nic Halverson, who was frustrated with overcrowding on his campus. Full Story


Let this robotic squid be your guidee to underwater life - Strictly Robots

Mashable | October 14, 2020

Video: The robot is fully waterproof and battery powered which allows it to carry an underwater camera. Full Story


Researchers built a robot squid that propels itself with a water jet #Robotics #Squidbot #drone

adafruit | October 14, 2020

You had me at robot squid. Underwater robot buddy built at UC San Diego mimicking some cephalopod's movment! The team drew inspiration from the jet propulsion mechanism of real squid to help the robot swim by itself. It takes some water into its flexible body, where it also stores elastic energy. The robot can compress its body to release that energy and use a water jet to propel itself. The device can adjust the nozzle?s position, so it can swim in any direction. Full Story


SquidBot: A Breakthrough for Underwater Exploration

UNTV, Philippines | October 10, 2020

Engineers at the University of California San Diego have created this squid-like robot that can swim untethered. It carries a sensor, such as a camera, for underwater exploration. Full Story


Researchers built a robot squid that propels itself with a water jet

Yahoo! News | October 9, 2020

To help explore underwater environments without damaging coral or sea life, engineers from UC San Diego created a robot squid (via Hackster.io). Soft robots are less likely to harm aquatic life than rigid ones. Researchers used mainly soft materials like acrylic polymer to build the device, along with a few 3D printed and laser-cut rigid parts. The team drew inspiration from the jet propulsion mechanism of real squid to help the robot swim by itself. It takes some water into its flexible body, where it also stores elastic energy. Full Story


Video Friday: Poimo Is a Portable Inflatable E-Bike

IEEE Spectrum | October 9, 2020

Engineers at the University of California San Diego have built a squid-like robot that can swim untethered, propelling itself by generating jets of water. The robot carries its own power source inside its body. It can also carry a sensor, such as a camera, for underwater exploration. Full Story


Researchers built a robot squid that propels itself with a water jet

Yahoo! Entertainment | October 9, 2020

To help explore underwater environments without damaging coral or sea life, engineers from UC San Diego created a robot squid (via Hackster.io). Soft robots are less likely to harm aquatic life than rigid ones. Researchers used mainly soft materials like acrylic polymer to build the device, along with a few 3D printed and laser-cut rigid parts. The team drew inspiration from the jet propulsion mechanism of real squid to help the robot swim by itself. It takes some water into its flexible body, where it also stores elastic energy. Full Story


Squidbot moves like a real squid to take pictures of coral and fish

Slash Gear | October 8, 2020

Engineers from the University of California San Diego have created a new squid-like robot that can operate in the ocean untethered. The robot propels itself by squirting jets of water and carries its power source inside its body. It can also carry a sensor, such as a camera, allowing it to explore underwater. Full Story


Inspired by Squids, Researchers Develop 'Squidbot' to Probe Deeper Underwater Surfaces

News 18, India | October 8, 2020

Squids are popular for squirting ink onto potential threat but researchers have found an amazing use for their physiological design. Drawing inspiration from squids, a team of researchers have created an underwater robot which is capable of propelling itself forward by expelling jets of water for faster movement. The robot is aptly named "squidbot." The machine is untethered, which means it is free to move on its own. It includes a 'strain' chamber that inflates by taking in water and then expels that water to swim about freely. Full Story


Glowing Robot Squid Could Be The Next Step In Deep Sea Exploration

Independent UK | October 7, 2020

A new squid-like robot has can swim on its own and take pictures. The machine was built to explore the sea by researchers at the University of California San Diego.The robot propels itself by shooting jets of water behind it; it takes in a large amount of water into its body, and then compresses itself to blast it out behind it. The machine's body is made of acrylic polymer, supported by 3D-printed and laser-cut parts; its soft body means that it will not injure fish or coral, and can also maneuver more easily than larger, more rigid robots. Full Story


"Squidbot" propels itself with jets of water just like the real thing

New Atlas | October 7, 2020

When it comes to dreaming up locomotion solutions for advanced robots, scientists regularly turn to the natural world for inspiration, and the marine environment is a particularly rich source of ideas. The latest example of this is a highly efficient ?Squidbot? developed by engineers at the University of California (UC) San Diego that uses a combination of soft and rigid materials to propel itself through the water much like the real thing. Full Story


A Common Plant Virus Is an Unlikely Ally in the War on Cancer

Wired | October 5, 2020

Researchers have seen promising results by injecting dog and mouse tumors with the cowpea mosaic virus. Now they're aiming for a human trial. Full Story


How Bacteria React to Being Used in Biotechnology

ScienceNews | October 1, 2020

Researchers, the pharmaceutical industry and industry in general want bacteria and fungi to produce a cornucopia of various proteins and enzymes. However, the bacteria do not always cooperate, and researchers have now mapped out how they react to being used in biotechnology. Full Story


Validating The Physics Behind The New MIT-designed Fusion Experiment

Science Blog | September 30, 2020

Two and a half years ago, MIT entered into a research agreement with startup company Commonwealth Fusion Systems to develop a next-generation fusion research experiment, called SPARC, as a precursor to a practical, emissions-free power plant. Now, after many months of intensive research and engineering work, the researchers charged with defining and refining the physics behind the ambitious tokamak design have published a series of papers summarizing the progress they have made and outlining the key research questions SPARC will enable. Full Story


Tesla's new 'tabless' cell design is 'brilliant,' said a top battery researcher

MSN.com | September 26, 2020

Tesla's Battery Day this week brought big news to the metallurgy and chemical-engineering worlds: the company had developed a new cylindrical battery cell, dubbed the "4680," that's much larger than the 2170 cells it's currently using. While the 4680 cells remain at the prototyping stage and shouldn't enter mass production until 2022, CEO Elon Musk and his engineers are confident enough in the new form factor to start rethinking the design of Tesla's cars, with the 4680 cells becoming a structural feature. Full Story


3D printing with a bit of give and take

COSMOS the Science of Everything | September 26, 2020

Materials scientists in the US say they have learned how to make liquid crystal shape-shift. That may not immediately strike a chord with those who aren't materials scientists, but it's the key to a new 3D-printing method the team says could make it easier to manufacture and control the shape of soft robots, artificial muscles and wearable devices. Shengqiang Cai and colleagues at the University of California San Diego say controlling the printing temperature of the soft, elastic polymers known as liquid crystal elastomers (LCE) makes it possible to control a printed material's stiffness Full Story


3 Ways Healthcare is Using Predictive Analytics to Combat COVID-19

Health IT Analytics | September 25, 2020

Predictive analytics tools are helping healthcare organizations stay ahead of poor outcomes, resource shortages, and other impacts of COVID-19. Full Story


California Wants Cars to Run on Electricity. It's Going to Need a Much Bigger Grid

The Wall Street Journal | September 25, 2020

Leaning on the hood of a shiny red electric Ford Mustang, California Gov. Gavin Newsom signed an executive order Wednesday to end the sale of new gas-burning cars in his state in 15 years. Now comes the hard part. Energy consultants and academics say converting all passenger cars and trucks to run on electricity in California could raise power demand by as much as 25%. That poses a major challenge for a state already facing periodic rolling blackouts as it rapidly transitions to renewable energy. Full Story


Video Friday: Researchers 3D Print Liquid Crystal Elastomer for Soft Robots

IEEE Spectrum | September 25, 2020

Video Friday: Researchers 3D Print Liquid Crystal Elastomer for Soft Robots Full Story


California Wants Cars to Run on Electricity. It's Going to Need a Much Bigger Grid

The Wall Street Journal | September 25, 2020

Leaning on the hood of a shiny red electric Ford Mustang, California Gov. Gavin Newsom signed an executive order Wednesday to end the sale of new gas-burning cars in his state in 15 years. Now comes the hard part. Energy consultants and academics say converting all passenger cars and trucks to run on electricity in California could raise power demand by as much as 25%. That poses a major challenge for a state already facing periodic rolling blackouts as it rapidly transitions to renewable energy. Full Story


Tesla could struggle to implement some of its battery advances, experts say

Yahoo! News | September 23, 2020

The advanced battery cell design and new manufacturing processes outlined by Tesla Inc CEO Elon Musk are promising, battery experts say, but they questioned how quickly they can be implemented and how much they'll contribute to reducing overall costs. Tesla's new battery cell - a larger cylindrical format called 4680 that can store more energy and is easier to make - is key to achieving the goal of cutting battery costs in half and ramping up battery production nearly 100-fold by 2030. Full Story


Tesla could struggle to implement some of its battery advances, experts say

Reuters | September 23, 2020

The advanced battery cell design and new manufacturing processes outlined by Tesla Inc TSLA.O CEO Elon Musk are promising, battery experts say, but they questioned how quickly they can be implemented and how much they'll contribute to reducing overall costs. Tesla's new battery cell - a larger cylindrical format called 4680 that can store more energy and is easier to make - is key to achieving the goal of cutting battery costs in half and ramping up battery production nearly 100-fold by 2030. Full Story


Power/Performance Bits: Sept. 22

Semiconductor Engineering | September 22, 2020

Researchers at University of California San Diego, Texas A&M University, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Tsinghua University, and Shenzhen University found a way to fabricate flexible single-crystal perovskite thin films. Full Story


Where Was the Battery at Tesla's Battery Day?

Wired | September 22, 2020

On Tuesday afternoon, Elon Musk greeted several hundred investors sitting in their Teslas from a makeshift stage in the parking lot of the Tesla factory in Fremont, California. After months of Covid-induced delays, it seemed like an appropriate setting for the company's much-hyped Battery Day event. Details about what the outspoken CEO had in store were scarce leading up to the day, but Musk had promised to show the world something "very insane" that would result in a "step change in accelerating sustainable energy." Full Story


Robotics Takes on Greater Role in Remote Education

Bloomberg TV | September 11, 2020

Henrik Christensen, director of the UC San Diego Contextual Robotics Institute, talks about using robots in the classroom and elsewhere during the pandemic. Full Story


Human genome-produced RNA discovered on surface of cells

Drug Target Review | September 10, 2020

Human genome-produced RNA has been found on the surface of human cells, which researchers say could be easier for therapeutics to reach. Full Story


Take a Road Trip Using the 2020 Robotics Roadmap

Machine Design | September 10, 2020

Henrik Christensen, director of the Contextual Robotics Institute at the University of California San Diego, gave a presentation on the newest (and fourth edition) A Roadmap for US Robotics during the RIA Robotics Week. This 90-page document is published every four years and was released on Sept. 9. It details different applications and growth areas for the robotics industry, as well as societal drivers, obstacles and how to address those obstacles. The report was created from research papers from robotics experts and various workshops. Full Story


Could Facebook?s 3D-printed virtual reality gloves be announced for Oculus at Connect?

3D Printing Industry | September 9, 2020

With Facebook Connect 2020 scheduled to take place next week, the firm?s Reality Labs team has announced the development of 3D printed Virtual Reality (VR) gloves. Scientists from the University of California San Diego have used 3D printing to create flexible, walking ?insect-like? robots. The team?s budget-minded production technique is designed to lower the cost of entry to fabricating soft robotics. Full Story


Disordered rock salt makes fast-charging anode for li-ion batteries

Electronics Weekly | September 8, 2020

Researchers at UC San Diego have developed a new anode material that enables lithium-ion batteries to be safely recharged within minutes for thousands of cycles. Full Story


Here's an Idea: An 'Aerodrome' Testing Ground for Unmanned Aircraft

Tech Briefs | September 8, 2020

Before delivery drones start carrying packages (and passenger drones start delivering ourselves), engineers will need to keep refining an unmanned aircraft's ability to navigate and detect obstacles. University of California San Diego robotics researcher Tim McConnell oversees the Aerodrome ? a facility that may look like a driving range, but is, in fact, a testing ground for unmanned aircraft. Full Story


Scientists using AI to track, predict epidemics like COVID-19

Arirang | September 8, 2020

Can we use artificial intelligence to track and even predict epidemics like COVID-19? Today, we speak with two scientists who are working to improve health and beat diseases, using bioinformatics. Buhm Han, Professor of Seoul National University's College of Medicine and CTO of bioinformatics company Genealogy joins us in Seoul. We also connect with Niema Moshiri, Professor of Computer Science & Engineering at the University of California, San Diego. Full Story


A new study can detect cancer four years earlier than current methods

Noticireos Televisa | September 8, 2020

A new study could find cancer long before it causes symptoms. Some specialists estimate that it could be identified 4 years earlier than current methods. Dr. Diane Perez tells us about this advance. Full Story


OpenBot: an open-source 3D-printed robot by Intel

3D Natives | September 8, 2020

Based in Silicon Valley, California, Intel is an American multinational corporation and one of the leading companies on the global tech arena. Its research division, Intel Labs, recently put online the 3D files of its new 3D printable robot: available open-source, this device functions with a smartphone and is available for less than $50! Oftentimes, the goal of incorporating the 3D printing technology is to lower the cost of the robot components, which is otherwise rather high; we have seen it in the projects like Flexoskeleton from UC San Diego and Solo 8 robot dog. Full Story


Disordered Rock Salt And Transition Metal Anodes-- Engineering The Batteries Of The Future

CleanTechnica | September 4, 2020

People like to say nothing is sure but death and taxes. But there is something else we can be sure of ? announcements about blockbuster new battery technologies that promise higher energy density and shorter charging times. Given that discoveries in the lab usually take years to make their way into production, two such announcements this week suggest the children of tomorrow will think about today?s lithium-ion batteries the way children today think about transistors. Full Story


Could 'disordered rock salts' bring order to next-gen lithium batteries?

Ars Technica | September 4, 2020

Earlier this week, a paper covers a new electrode material that seems to avoid the problems that have plagued other approaches to expanding battery capacity. And it's a remarkably simple material: a variation on the same structure that's formed by crystals of table salt. While it's far from being ready to throw in a battery, the early data definitely indicate it's worth looking into further. Full Story


Stories for Change: UCSD professor Olivia Graeve

ABC 10 | September 4, 2020

UC San Diego's first Latina engineering professor works to expand outreach to under-represented groups in STEM fields. Full Story


Rocksalt anode can lead to safer, fast-charging Li-ion batteries

Hindu Business Line | September 3, 2020

The rocksalt anode helps achieve a crucial middle ground, which is safer to use than graphite, yet offers a battery with at least 71 per cent more energy than lithium titanate. Full Story


DOE announced $29M in funding for fusion energy technology development

Green Car Congress | September 3, 2020

The US Department of Energy announced $29 million in funding for 14 projects as part of the Galvanizing Advances in Market-aligned fusion for an Overabundance of Watts (GAMOW) program, which is jointly sponsored by ARPA-E and the Office of Science?Fusion Energy Sciences (SC-FES). UC San Diego was awarded $1.75M for Renewable Low-Z Wall for Fusion Reactors with Built-In Tritium Recovery. Full Story


UCSD team develops new disordered rock salt anode for fast-charging, safer lithium-ion batteries

Green Car Congress | September 2, 2020

Researchers at UC San Diego, with their colleagues at other institutions, have developed a new anode material that enables lithium-ion batteries to be safely recharged within minutes for thousands of cycles. Full Story


New anode material could make fast-charging batteries safer

Institution of Mechanical Engineers | September 2, 2020

American researchers have discovered a new anode material that enables lithium-ion batteries to be safely recharged within minutes. Full Story


Científica tijuanense recibe reconocimiento de la Casa Blanca

San Diego Union-Tribune en Espanol | August 12, 2020

Olivia Graeve, ingeniera tijuanense y catedrática de la Universidad de California San Diego (UCSD), obtuvo el reconocimiento presidencial a la Excelencia en la Enseñanza de Ciencias, Matemáticas e Ingenierías por parte de la Casa Blanca. Full Story


Olivia Graeve, a Tijuana native, has started programs to encourage underrepresented students

San Diego Union-Tribune | August 12, 2020

UC San Diego professor and Tijuana native Olivia Graeve was recently recognized with the Presidential Award for Excellence in Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Mentoring from the White House. Full Story


Genetic engineering shows how 'foreign' DNA impacts evolution

Science Advisory Board | August 11, 2020

A new study has demonstrated that "foreign" DNA -- DNA transferred horizontally into a species from a source other than a parent -- can become functional over time and can impact an organism's evolution and fitness, according to a paper published August 10 in Nature Ecology and Evolution. Full Story


No Two Brains Are the Same: How Neuroscience Is Advancing to Account for This

Elemental | August 7, 2020

Your brain is not like mine. In fact, your brain is not like anyone else's. I don't mean that in some philosophical or abstract way; I mean it literally. The precise wiring of your brain is unique to you. During development, your genes specified a blueprint that resulted in your brain having roughly the same organization as mine. But that genetic blueprint wasn't designed to specify the precise connection patterns between all the neurons in your brain. Full Story


Single-Crystal Perovskites Made with Standard Practices Are Stable, Flexible

Photonics Marketplace | August 6, 2020

Engineers at the University of California, San Diego have developed a way to fabricate perovskites as single-crystal thin films. The method, which uses standard semiconductor fabrication processes including lithography, produces flexible, single-crystal perovskite films with controlled area, thickness, and composition. Full Story


A Better Method for Making Perovskite Films

Optics and Photonics News | August 5, 2020

For many applications, single-crystal perovskite films perform better than their polycrystalline cousins. Creating thin sheets of such single-crystal semiconductors, however, has been notoriously difficult. Now, a team at a U.S. university has developed a new method of fabricating single-crystal perovskite thin films that are also flexible. Full Story


Your phone could be telling you if you've been exposed to COVID-19. Here's why it's not

San Diego Union-Tribune | August 4, 2020

Dinesh Bharadia, an assistant professor at UC San Diego and a wireless localization expert, quickly recognized that algorithms could help make Bluetooth technology for contact tracing a lot more accurate. Full Story


A step forward for single-crystal perovskites

PV Magazine | August 3, 2020

Scientists in the United States have developed a lithography-based process for the fabrication of single-crystal perovskites. Thin films made using this process have been integrated into a range of devices, including solar cells, and have demonstrated better stability performance than their more commonly researched polycrystalline counterparts. Full Story


New Perovskite Solar Cell Puts Another Nail In The Natural Gas Coffin

CleanTechnica | August 1, 2020

A team of nanotech engineers at the University of California, San Diego decided to take on the single-crystal challenge. The trick was to find a fabrication method that could translate into a high volume, high efficiency manufacturing model. Full Story


Single crystal perovskite for solar panels

EE News Europe | July 31, 2020

Engineers at UC San Diego in California have developed a new method to fabricate perovskite material in a single-crystal thin film for more efficient solar cells and optical devices. Full Story


Data Supports Singlera's PanSeer Test as Company Narrows Focus to Colorectal Cancer Detection

Genome Web | July 31, 2020

Data Supports Singlera's PanSeer Test as Company Narrows Focus to Colorectal Cancer Detection. Overall, the group tested blood samples from 605 asymptomatic individuals, 191 of whom were later diagnosed with stomach, esophageal, colorectal, lung or liver cancer -- all within four years of the analyzed blood draw. Full Story


Single-crystal Perovskite Devices Closer To Viability

Compound Semiconductor | July 30, 2020

Nanoengineers at UC San Diego developed a new method to fabricate perovskites as single-crystal thin films, which are more efficient for use in solar cells and optical devices than the current state-of-the-art polycrystalline forms of the material. Full Story


Experimental Blood Test Detects Cancer Years Before Symptoms

Medscape | July 29, 2020

A blood test that may be able to detect cancer years before any symptoms appear is under development. The PanSeer assay, which detects methylation markers in blood, was used in healthy individuals and successfully detected five cancer types in 91% of samples from individuals who were diagnosed with cancer 1 to 4 years later. "We can't say for sure that the patients didn't have any symptoms, but we detected the cancer years before they ever walked into the hospital," said study author Kun Zhang, PhD, a professor of bioengineering at the University of California, San Diego. Full Story


Tesla could reap benefits of 'truly exciting' glassy metal battery research

The Driven | July 28, 2020

A rare glassy lithium metal observed by battery researchers, including Shirley Meng, the research partner for the Maxwell Technologies business acquired by Tesla in 2019, could lead to faster charging, higher capacity EV batteries. Full Story


Rare glassy lithium grows better batteries

Analytical Science | July 28, 2020

Using cryo-electron microscopy, US-based researchers have imaged the nanostructure of lithium during the earliest stages of recharging, showing that slow, low-energy charging leads to the formation of amorphous lithium. Full Story


Groundbreaking blood test can detect cancer years before symptoms appear

The Jerusalem Post | July 27, 2020

A new blood test can detect various types of cancer years before previously possible with traditional detection methods, according to a new research published in the scientific journal Nature Communications. Early detection of cancer has the potential to significantly decrease death rates caused by the disease. Scientists have tried for years to develop a cancer screening-test that would reliably detect malignancy potential before tumor cells have the chance to spread, making treatment more effective. But until today, most attempts were unsuccessful or had partial results at best. Full Story


Ronald L. Graham, Who Unlocked the Magic of Numbers, Dies at 84

The New York Times | July 23, 2020

Ronald L. Graham, who gained renown with wide-ranging theorems in a field known as discrete mathematics that have found uses in diverse areas, ranging from making telephone and computer networks more efficient to explaining the dynamics of juggling, died on July 6 at his home in the La Jolla section of San Diego. He was 84. Full Story


Scientists have developed a blood test that can detect cancer years before symptoms show - the science explained

The Scotsman | July 23, 2020

Scientists analysed plasma samples from 605 people who did not have any symptoms of cancer in the study, with 191 of the participants later diagnosed with the disease. The study, published in the journal Nature Communications, also assessed specimens from a further 223 diagnosed cancer patients, as well as 200 primary tumour and normal tissue samples. The scientists then developed a test that was able to detect cancer in 95 per cent of the participants who did not have any symptoms of the disease when samples were collected, and were only diagnosed with cancer later. Full Story


Blood Test Might Spot Cancer Years Earlier

U.S. News & World Report | July 23, 2020

Scientists are working on a blood test that may catch five common cancers years sooner than current methods. The blood test, which is still experimental, hunts for certain genetic "signatures" associated with tumors. Researchers found that it can detect five types of cancer -- colon, esophageal, liver, lung and stomach -- up to four years earlier, compared to routine medical care. More research is needed to confirm the test's accuracy. But these initial results "offer hope," said researcher Kun Zhang, a professor of bioengineering at the University of California, San Diego. Full Story


Here's How Far a Sneeze Can Actually Travel

Best Life | July 22, 2020

A recent study may cast further doubt on our notions of personal safety by revealing how far viral particles from a sneeze or a cough can actually travel. Full Story


Early cancer detection: new blood test finds disease years before standard diagnosis - 'We made this discovery by accident'

South China Morning Post | July 22, 2020

A blood test has been shown to detect five types of cancer years before the diseases could be spotted using conventional diagnostic methods, according to a study published on Tuesday. Developed by a Sino-US start-up, the test found cancers in 91% of people who showed no symptoms when the blood sample was collected but were diagnosed one to four years later with stomach, oesophageal, colon, lung or liver cancer, researchers reported in science journal Nature Communications. Full Story


Blood test detects cancer up to four years before symptoms show

Science Focus | July 22, 2020

A blood test that can spot five common types of cancer years before symptoms appear has been developed by scientists. The test, called PanSeer, is able to detect stomach, gullet, bowel, lung and liver cancer up to four years before conventional diagnosis methods, such as imaging tests or biopsies. According to the scientists, their findings - published in the journal Nature Communications - could help identify those at high risk of developing the disease, although the results need to be validated in larger studies. Full Story


Scientists develop blood test that can detect cancer years before symptoms show

Mirror UK | July 22, 2020

The test, called PanSeer, is able to detect stomach, gullet, bowel, lung and liver cancer up to four years before conventional diagnosis methods, such as imaging tests or biopsies. According to the scientists, their findings - published in the journal Nature Communications - could help identify those at high risk of developing the disease, although the results need to be validated in larger studies. Kun Zhang, a professor at the UC San Diego - and one of the authors on the study, said: "The ultimate goal would be performing blood tests like this routinely during annual health check-ups." Full Story


Scientists One Step Closer To Developing Blood Test That Detects Cancer Early

International Business Times | July 22, 2020

Scientists could be closer to developing a blood test that will make it possible to detect early-stage cancer. The goal of the blood test is to identify cancer at a much earlier time before it advances to a higher stage and becomes difficult to treat. The test involves detecting small DNA pieces that tumor cells eject into a patient's bloodstream. Researchers said the test, called PanSeer, can potentially identify five cancer types up to four years earlier compared to present diagnostic methods. They published their study Tuesday, July 21, in the journal Nature Communications. Full Story


Blood test finds cancers before standard diagnosis, study shows

Malay Mail | July 22, 2020

A blood test has been shown to detect five types of cancer years before the diseases could be spotted using conventional diagnostic methods, according to a study published yesterday. Developed by a Sino-US startup, the test found cancers in 91 percent of people who showed no symptoms when the blood sample was collected but were diagnosed one-to-four years later with stomach, esophageal, colon, lung or liver cancer, researchers reported in Nature Communications. "The immediate focus is to test people at higher risk, based on family history, age or other known risk factors," said Kun Zhang Full Story


PanSeer: The New Blood Test for Cancer Detects Tumor 4 Years Before Symptoms Appear

Ask Health News | July 22, 2020

The new cases of cancer are rising every year in the world with different complications. Meanwhile, the scientists presented a new blood test for cancer that can detect 5 different types of cancer. The specialty of the test is that it can detect the disease 4 years before the person shows any symptoms. This new blood test for cancer is called PanSeer. The study behind this test published in Nature Communications. The blood test is technically a liquid biopsy. It analyses the DNA particles present in the blood from different parts of the body. Full Story


Predictive Analytics Model Examines Droplets to Map COVID-19 Spread

Health IT Analytics | July 21, 2020

A predictive analytics model showed that without masks, six feet of social distance may not be enough to keep one person's respiratory droplets from reaching someone else, which could contribute to the spread of viruses like COVID-19. Full Story


New model connects respiratory droplet physics with COVID-19 spread

Toronto Telegraph | July 21, 2020

Respiratory droplets from a cough or sneeze travel farther and last longer in humid, cold climates than in hot, dry ones, according to a study on droplet physics by an international team of engineers. Full Story


Respiratory droplets from cough last longer in humid, cold climates

National Herald India | July 21, 2020

A US study led by Indian-origin researchers found that respiratory droplets from cough or sneeze travel farther and last longer in humid, cold climates than in hot and dry ones. The research team developed this new model to better understand the role that droplet clouds play in the spread of respiratory viruses, the study, published in the journal Physics of Fluids."The basic fundamental form of a chemical reaction is two molecules are colliding. How frequently they're colliding will give you how fast the reaction progresses," said study author Abhishek Saha from the University of California Full Story


Respiratory droplets from cough last longer in humid, cold climates

Daiji World | July 21, 2020

A US study led by Indian-origin researchers found that respiratory droplets from cough or sneeze travel farther and last longer in humid, cold climates than in hot and dry ones. The research team developed this new model to better understand the role that droplet clouds play in the spread of respiratory viruses, the study, published in the journal Physics of Fluids. Their model is the first to be based on a fundamental approach taken to study chemical reactions called collision rate theory, which looks at the interaction and collision rates of a droplet cloud exhaled by an infected person Full Story


New mathematical model predicts the early spread of respiratory viruses including COVID-19

News Medical Life Sciences | July 21, 2020

Respiratory droplets from a cough or sneeze travel farther and last longer in humid, cold climates than in hot, dry ones, according to a study on droplet physics by an international team of engineers. The researchers incorporated this understanding of the impact of environmental factors on droplet spread into a new mathematical model that can be used to predict the early spread of respiratory viruses including COVID-19, and the role of respiratory droplets in that spread. The team developed this new model to better understand the role that droplet clouds play in the spread Full Story


Researchers say blood test can detect cancer years before symptoms

The Guardian | July 21, 2020

A blood test can pick up cancers up to four years before symptoms appear, researchers say, in the latest study to raise hopes of early detection. A team led by researchers in China say the non-invasive blood test - called PanSeer - detects cancer in 95% of individuals who have no symptoms but later receive a diagnosis. "We demonstrated that five types of cancer can be detected through a DNA methylation-based blood test up to four years before conventional diagnosis," the team wrote in the journal Nature Communications. Full Story


GAME CHANGER Cheap and simple blood test can diagnose cancer four YEARS before symptoms show, scientists claim

The Sun UK | July 21, 2020

Experts say the non-invasive technique is 90 per cent accurate in detecting five common types of cancer and costs less than £80 per patient. The researchers, from China, hope it could lead to screening programmes for tumours of the lung, bowel, liver, stomach and gullet. These types of cancer claim almost 70,000 lives in total in the UK every year. The technique, called PanSeer, looks for specific chemical changes in the blood, known as methylation. Full Story


Blood test finds cancers before standard diagnosis: study

Yahoo! News | July 21, 2020

A blood test has been shown to detect five types of cancer years before the diseases could be spotted using conventional diagnostic methods, according to a study published Tuesday. Developed by a Sino-US startup, the test found cancers in 91 percent of people who showed no symptoms when the blood sample was collected but were diagnosed one-to-four years later with stomach, esophageal, colon, lung or liver cancer, researchers reported in Nature Communications. "The immediate focus is to test people at higher risk, based on family history, age or other known risk factors," Full Story


Blood test finds cancers before standard diagnosis: study

France 24 | July 21, 2020

A blood test has been shown to detect five types of cancer years before the diseases could be spotted using conventional diagnostic methods, according to a study published Tuesday. Developed by a Sino-US startup, the test found cancers in 91 percent of people who showed no symptoms when the blood sample was collected but were diagnosed one-to-four years later with stomach, esophageal, colon, lung or liver cancer, researchers reported in Nature Communications. "The immediate focus is to test people at higher risk, based on family history, age or other known risk factors," Full Story


Blood Test for Cancer Detects Disease Years Before Symptoms Show

Newsweek | July 21, 2020

Scientists have developed a blood test that can predict whether a person will have certain forms of cancer within four years, according to a study. The test, called PanSeer, was able to detect five common types of cancer--stomach, esophageal, colorectal, lung and liver--in 88 percent of patients who were already diagnosed, with 96 percent accuracy.It also picked up cancer in 95 percent of asymptomatic people who were later diagnosed with the condition. But more research is needed to confirm this result, the authors of the paper published in the journal Nature Communications said. Full Story


Experimental Blood Test Detects Cancer up to Four Years before Symptoms Appear

Scientific American | July 21, 2020

For years scientists have sought to create the ultimate cancer-screening test?one that can reliably detect a malignancy early, before tumor cells spread and when treatments are more effective. A new method reported today in Nature Communications brings researchers a step closer to that goal. By using a blood test, the international team was able to diagnose cancer long before symptoms appeared in nearly all the people it tested who went on to develop cancer. Full Story


Scientists inch closer to blood test to detect early stage cancer

NBC News | July 21, 2020

Scientists are edging closer to developing blood tests that could detect early stage cancer, before patients show any symptoms of the disease. One such test, called PanSeer, can potentially spot five types of cancers up to four years earlier than current diagnostic methods, according to a study published Tuesday in the journal Nature Communications. The test works by detecting tiny bits of DNA that tumor cells release into the bloodstream. Researchers have been working on this type of DNA sequencing application for years, and the development brings the industry a step closer Full Story


Blood test finds cancers before standard diagnosis: study

Yahoo! News | July 21, 2020

A blood test has been shown to detect five types of cancer years before the diseases could be spotted using conventional diagnostic methods, according to a study published Tuesday. Developed by a Sino-US startup, the test found cancers in 91 percent of people who showed no symptoms when the blood sample was collected but were diagnosed one-to-four years later with stomach, esophageal, colon, lung or liver cancer, researchers reported in Nature Communications. "The immediate focus is to test people at higher risk, based on family history, age or other known risk factors," said Kun Zhang Full Story


Scientists develop blood test that can detect cancer years before symptoms show

The Irish News | July 21, 2020

A blood test that can spot five common types of cancer years before symptoms appear has been developed by scientists. The test, called PanSeer, is able to detect stomach, gullet, bowel, lung and liver cancer up to four years before conventional diagnosis methods, such as imaging tests or biopsies. According to the scientists, their findings - published in the journal Nature Communications - could help identify those at high risk of developing the disease, although the results need to be validated in larger studies. Full Story


New Test Detects Some Cancers Up to 4 Years Before Symptoms: UCSD

NBC Los Angeles | July 21, 2020

A research team that includes the chair of UC San Diego's Department of Bioengineering said it developed a blood test that can detect certain forms of cancer in asymptomatic patients up to four years earlier than conventional methods, the university announced on Tuesday. PanSeer detects stomach, esophageal, colorectal, lung and liver cancer, according to UCSD, which said the test detected cancer in 91% of samples collected from then-asymptomatic patients who were diagnosed with cancer one to four years later. Full Story


UCSD scientist helps develop cancer detection test

Fox 5 San Diego | July 21, 2020

A research team that includes the chair of UC San Diego?s Department of Bioengineering says it has developed a blood test that can detect certain forms of cancer in asymptomatic patients up to four years earlier than conventional methods, the university announced Tuesday. PanSeer detects stomach, esophageal, colorectal, lung and liver cancer, according to UCSD, which said the test detected cancer in 91% of samples collected from then-asymptomatic patients who were diagnosed with cancer one to four years later. Full Story


San Diego researchers developing blood test to catch cancer years sooner

The San Diego Union Tribune | July 21, 2020

Researchers from Shanghai and San Diego have developed a blood test that catches certain cancers up to four years before patients show symptoms, which could help doctors remove or treat tumors before they become deadly. The blood test, called PanSeer, detects stomach, esophageal, colon, lung and liver cancer. The international research team published their results Tuesday in the journal Nature Communications. "The ultimate goal would be performing blood tests like this routinely during annual health checkups," said UCSD bioengineer Kun Zhang, one of the study authors, in a press release. Full Story


Ron Graham Dazzled Admirers With Math and Juggling Feats

The Wall Street Journal | July 17, 2020

Ron Graham's parents, nomads seeking work in the Depression, split up when he was young. He lived with his mother, a nightclub singer turned shipyard welder, in California, Georgia and Florida. "I never went to the same school for two years in a row," he said later. Living a chaotic life, he found order in mathematics. Full Story


How RF MEMS Tech Finally Delivered the "Ideal Switch"

IEEE Spectrum | July 16, 2020

20 years ago, engineers specializing in radio-frequency circuits dared to dream of an "ideal switch." It would have superlow resistance when "on," superhigh when "off," and so much more. It would be tiny, fast, readily manufacturable, capable of switching fairly high currents, able to withstand billions of on-off cycles, and would require very little power to operate. It would conduct signals well up in the tens or even hundreds of gigahertz with no distortion at all (close-to-perfect linearity). It was no pipe dream, and there were ready markets for such a switch in big, budding industries. Full Story


Can Microscopic 'Sponges' Lure the Coronavirus Into a Trap?

The Daily Beast | July 12, 2020

Instead of playing offense and stimulating the immune system to attack the SARS-CoV-2 virus, researchers at UC San Diego are playing defense. They're working to shield the healthy human cells the virus invades. Full Story


Cell-like decoys could mop up viruses in humans - including the one that causes COVID-19

Seattle PI | July 9, 2020

Researchers around the world are working frantically to develop COVID-19 vaccines meant to target and attack the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Researchers in my nanoengineering lab are taking a different approach toward stopping SARS-CoV-2. Instead of playing offense and stimulating the immune system to attack the SARS-CoV-2 virus, we're playing defense. We're working to shield the healthy human cells the virus invades. Conceptually, the strategy is simple. We create decoys that look like the human cells the SARS-CoV-2 virus invades. So far, we've made lung-cell decoys and immune-cell decoys. Full Story


Cell-like decoys could mop up viruses in humans - including the one that causes COVID-19

Yahoo! News | July 9, 2020

Researchers around the world are working frantically to develop COVID-19 vaccines meant to target and attack the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Researchers in my nanoengineering lab are taking a different approach toward stopping SARS-CoV-2. Instead of playing offense and stimulating the immune system to attack the SARS-CoV-2 virus, we're playing defense. We're working to shield the healthy human cells the virus invades. Conceptually, the strategy is simple. We create decoys that look like the human cells the SARS-CoV-2 virus invades. So far, we've made lung-cell decoys and immune-cell decoys. Full Story


Cell-like decoys could mop up viruses in humans - including the one that causes COVID-19

Houston Chronicle | July 9, 2020

Researchers in Professor Liangfang Zhang's nanoengineering lab are taking a different approach toward stopping SARS-CoV-2. Instead of playing offense and stimulating the immune system to attack the SARS-CoV-2 virus, they're playing defense. They're working to shield the healthy human cells the virus invades. Full Story


'Nanosponge' Technology May Help Prevent and Treat COVID-19

Verywell Health | July 8, 2020

While there's still no specific treatment for COVID-19, a team of researchers at the University of California San Diego is working to change that. The researchers have invented a treatment that involves using "nanosponges" to target and neutralize SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. A summary of the team's work was published in the journal Nano Letters in June, suggestion the technology has potential to be a major tool in the fight against COVID-19. "Cellular nanosponges have shown great promise in inhibiting the infectivity of SARS-CoV-2 and protecting host cells," Liangfang Zhang Full Story


Study reveals importance of social distancing to combat Covid-19

News Today | July 4, 2020

A study has said physical distancing greater than six feet may be essential to avoid Covid-19 transmission. The study published in the journal Physics of Fluids, said that it is well established that the SARS-CoV-2 virus that causes Covid-19 disease is transmitted via respiratory droplets that infected people eject when they cough, sneeze or talk. According to researchers, including those from the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru, Karnataka, respiratory droplets travel between eight to 13 feet before they evaporate or escape, without wind and depending on the ambient condition. Full Story


Nanotechnology shown to slow spread of COVID-19 virus in lung and white blood cells, study shows

Cleveland.com | July 3, 2020

A promising technology slowed the spread of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, in cell cultures, researchers at the University of California San Diego and Boston University found in lab experiments. Full Story


Covid-19 respiratory droplets can travel up to 13 feet: Researchers

New India Express | July 2, 2020

NEW DELHI: Maintaining a social distance of six feet may not be sufficient enough to prevent getting infected by the Covid-19 as respiratory droplets can travel 8-13 feet, according to a mathematical model-based analysis of respiratory droplets by researchers. In a collaborative study, researchers at India Institute of Science, Bangalore and University of Toronto and University of California San Diego have modelled the role of respiratory droplets in Covid-19-type pandemics using the aerodynamics and evaporation characteristics of respiratory droplets. Full Story


New Paper Shows Why Face Masks Are Essential In Curbing Covid-19

Forbes | July 1, 2020

In fact, another study out today in the same journal analyzed the aerodynamics of droplets as they move through the air or evaporate and fall?they traveled up to 13 feet. Full Story


The 'Physicks' Of COVID-19

American Council on Science and Health | July 1, 2020

I have previously written on the physics of direct contact, which pertains to how much attention we need to pay to wipe down packages and surfaces. If the surface of concern is your hands, you know the drill, wash your hands. The other two means of viral transmission for COVID-19 are through the air, as droplets and aerosols, a mist of smaller droplets. A new paper breaks down the equations involved. Full Story


Physical distancing over 6 feet may be essential to prevent COVID-19 transmission: Study

Tribune India | July 1, 2020

Respiratory droplets travel between eight to 13 feet before they evaporate or escape, without wind and depending on the ambient condition, according to researchers who suggest that physical distancing greater than six feet may be essential to avoid COVID-19 transmission. Full Story


The Story Behind the Ring That Is Key to the NBA's Restart

Sports Illustrated | July 1, 2020

Despite Harpreet Rai's favorite childhood NBA team, the Minnesota Timberwolves, not appearing in the league's restart, Rai, the CEO of Oura, will be watching the resumption as intently as anyone. Amid the NBA's thorough 100-plus page health and safety manual is a section on wearable devices, and though the Oura ring isn't explicitly mentioned in the exhaustive memo, the company has partnered with the league and the ring could potentially be one of the most important technological devices found across the ESPN Wide World of Sports campus. Full Story


Softsonics: a device to take way to blood-pressure readings continuously

Nature | June 30, 2020

A company spun off from the University of California, San Diego, is hoping its device will provide a deeper and more accurate measurement of blood pressure, both for people in intensive care and for those going about their daily lives. Full Story


Tesla and the science behind the next-generation, lower-cost, 'million-mile' electric-car battery

CNBC | June 30, 2020

New battery technology is possible, allowing cars to go 400 miles or more between charges and lasting as long as 1 million miles. UC San Diego Professor Shirley Meng explains what's behind this. Full Story


New nanosponge technology may stop COVID-19 in its tracks

Hospital and Healthcare | June 30, 2020

Scientists at the University of California San Diego may have found a way to neutralise SARS-CoV-2 - the virus that causes COVID-19 - and block it from infecting human lungs and other vital organs. Using 'cellular nanosponges' - tiny cell-like structures that mimic the role of human cells by soaking up biological molecules - the researchers were able to divert SARS-CoV-2 away from live host cells in a laboratory setting. Now, they need to make sure the nanosponges will work in live animals and are safe to inject into humans, before they can advance them to human clinical trials. Full Story


Study finds COVID-infected droplets of saliva can travel 8 feet with no wind

Daily Mail | June 30, 2020

Since the coronavirus pandemic began, we've all been told to socially distance by standing or sitting six feet (or two meters) apart from strangers. But a new study suggests that this distance might not be far enough to prevent virus transmission. Researchers found that infected droplets can travel up to 13 feet when there's not even any wind blowing. Full Story


Bioprinting nanoparticles for ovarian cancer immunotherapy

Tec Tales | June 29, 2020

Nanoengineers at UC San Diego received a five-year, $2.9 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to develop an immunotherapy for ovarian cancer using plant virus nanoparticles. The particles will be produced using 3D-bioprinting, enabling them to be released at specified intervals, instead of a continuous slow release. Full Story


SDSU and UCSD developing low-cost, easy-to-make ventilators for COVID-19 patients

San Diego Union-Tribune | June 27, 2020

San Diego's two largest universities are developing ventilators for COVID-19 patients that could cost less than a Christmastime flight to New York and back. Full Story


U.S. researchers develop low-cost, easy-to-use emergency ventilator for COVID-19 patients

China.org.cn | June 25, 2020

A team of engineers and physicians at the University of California San Diego has developed a low-cost, easy-to-use emergency ventilator for COVID-19 patients that is built around a ventilator bag usually found in ambulances, according to a university release on Wednesday. The team built an automated system around the bag and brought down the cost of an emergency ventilator to just 500 U.S. dollars per unit. By comparison, state of the art ventilators currently cost at least 50,000 U.S. dollars. The device's components can be rapidly fabricated and the ventilator can be assembled in just 15min Full Story


U.S. researchers develop low-cost, easy-to-use emergency ventilator for COVID-19 patients

Ecns.cn | June 25, 2020

A team of engineers and physicians at the University of California San Diego has developed a low-cost, easy-to-use emergency ventilator for COVID-19 patients that is built around a ventilator bag usually found in ambulances, according to a university release on Wednesday. The team built an automated system around the bag and brought down the cost of an emergency ventilator to just 500 U.S. dollars per unit. By comparison, state of the art ventilators currently cost at least 50,000 U.S. dollars. The device's components can be rapidly fabricated and the ventilator can be assembled in just 15min Full Story


U.S. researchers develop low-cost, easy-to-use emergency ventilator for COVID-19 patients

Xinhua Net | June 25, 2020

A team of engineers and physicians at the University of California San Diego has developed a low-cost, easy-to-use emergency ventilator for COVID-19 patients that is built around a ventilator bag usually found in ambulances, according to a university release on Wednesday. The team built an automated system around the bag and brought down the cost of an emergency ventilator to just 500 U.S. dollars per unit. By comparison, state of the art ventilators currently cost at least 50,000 U.S. dollars. The device's components can be rapidly fabricated and the ventilator can be assembled in just 15min Full Story


UCSD duo takes aim at coronavirus with disinfection drones armed with UV lights

San Diego Union-Tribune | June 24, 2020

Two UC San Diego professors hope to turn a quickly growing hobby into an efficient, novel way to sanitize surfaces against viruses like the one that causes COVID-19. Dr. Farshad Raissi, an assistant professor of cardiology, and Tara Javidi, a professor of electrical and computer engineering, independently came up with the idea to add ultraviolet lights to drones to clean items of the coronavirus, and then began working together when they realized, through a mutual contact, that they had the same goal. Full Story


'Nanosponges' act as a decoy for the new coronavirus

Medical News Today | June 24, 2020

A new study has found that nanosponges - tiny, bio-friendly plastics coated in lung and immune cell membranes - act as a decoy for SARS-CoV-2, neutralizing the virus. A team of scientists has found that a new technology is effective at distracting and neutralizing SARS-CoV-2 in a laboratory setting. The research, published in the journal Nano Letters, has implications not only for treating SARS-CoV-2 but also for other virulent viruses, such as influenza, Ebola, Marburg, and Lassa viruses. Full Story


'Nanosponges' act as a decoy for the new coronavirus

Medical News Today | June 24, 2020

A new study has found that nanosponges - tiny, bio-friendly plastics coated in lung and immune cell membranes - act as a decoy for SARS-CoV-2, neutralizing the virus. A team of scientists has found that a new technology is effective at distracting and neutralizing SARS-CoV-2 in a laboratory setting. The research, published in the journal Nano Letters, has implications not only for treating SARS-CoV-2 but also for other virulent viruses, such as influenza, Ebola, Marburg, and Lassa viruses. Full Story


Affordable and easy-to-use emergency ventilator developed for COVID-19 patients

News Medical Life Sciences | June 23, 2020

A team of engineers and physicians at the University of California San Diego has developed a low-cost, easy-to-use emergency ventilator for COVID-19 patients that is built around a ventilator bag usually found in ambulances. The team built an automated system around the bag and brought down the cost of an emergency ventilator to just $500 per unit--by comparison, state of the art ventilators currently cost at least $10,000. The device's components can be rapidly fabricated and the ventilator can be assembled in just 15 minutes. Full Story


Why Every NBA Player Is Getting a Ring

The Wall Street Journal | June 22, 2020

The return of basketball depends on testing and tracing-and technology like the smart Oura ring that players have the option of wearing. But will they? Full Story


BU researchers: Tiny, decoy 'sponges' may divert coronavirus away from lung cells

Boston Herald | June 20, 2020

Researchers at Boston University and the University of California say they may have found a way to fight a coronavirus infection by diverting its attention away from lung cells. The technology, developed by engineers at UC San Diego and tested at BU's National Emerging Infectious Diseases Laboratories, could have far-reaching implications, they say, not only for fighting different mutations of the SARS-CoV-2 virus that causes COVID-19, but for other viruses as well, including influenza and Ebola. "It's a simple concept that's really promising," said Anna Honko, research associate professor Full Story


This Piece of Jewelry Could Detect COVID-19 Days Before You Have Symptoms

Best Life | June 19, 2020

Could the right piece of jewelry prevent the spread of coronavirus? It's a bold proposition, but everyone from NBA players to Las Vegas casino staff are now donning wearable technology designed to spot COVID-19. The Oura smart ring, created by a Finnish start-up, can allegedly detect coronavirus up to three days before you have symptoms, which would then allow you to self-isolate to keep those around you from getting sick. But how does this ring work? And could it really be useful in the fight against coronavirus? Full Story


NIH grant to bioprint nanoparticles for ovarian cance immunotherapy

Nano Werk | June 19, 2020

Nanoengineers at UC San Diego received a five-year, $2.9 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to develop an immunotherapy for ovarian cancer using plant virus nanoparticles. The particles will be produced using 3D-bioprinting, enabling them to be released at specified intervals, instead of a continuous slow release. High grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) is the most common and severe form of ovarian cancer, accounting for an estimated 70 percent of all ovarian cancer diagnoses. Full Story


Could nanosponges soak up SARS-CoV-2?

COSMOS the Science of Everything | June 18, 2020

As we noted yesterday, with specific reference to physics, scientists from a range of disciplines are front and centre in the battle to deal with COVID-19 and its consequences. Now there's news from chemists in the US, who have proposed an alternative way to search for an effective treatment. Rather than targeting a specific part of the virus, such as the spike protein, they used nanosponges coated with human cell membranes - the natural targets of the virus - to soak up SARS-CoV-2 and keep it from infecting cells in a petri dish. Full Story


Científicos crean "nanoesponjas" capaces de neutralizar en un 90% la infectividad viral del SARS-CoV-2

Sinembargo | June 18, 2020

Las nanopartículas recubiertas en las membranas de las células pulmonares humanas y las membranas de las células inmunes humanas pueden atraer y neutralizar en cultivos celulares el virus del SARS-CoV-2, que genera la COVID-19, haciendo que el virus pierda su capacidad de secuestrar células huéspedes y reproducirse. Estas "nanoesponjas" fueron desarrolladas por ingenieros de la Universidad de California en San Diego y probadas por investigadores de la Universidad de Boston (Estados Unidos). Los investigadores llaman a sus partículas a nanoescala "nanoesponjas" porque absorben patógenos y Full Story


Cientistas desenvolvem esponjas microscópicas para neutralizar o vírus que causa a Covid-19

Globo | June 18, 2020

Cientistas da Universidade da Califórnia em San Diego e da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Boston desenvolveram uma esponja microscópica - mil vezes menor do que a espessura de um fio de cabelo - capaz de neutralizar a ação do Sars CoV-2, causador da Covid-19. Full Story


'Nanosponges' Could Be Used To Prevent COVID-19: UCSD Researchers

Patch | June 18, 2020

UC San Diego announced Wednesday that technology known as "nanosponges" developed by its engineers could work as a decoy to attract the virus that causes COVID-19 and divert it from infecting human cells. Researchers say lab experiments conducted at Boston University have shown promising signs that the nanosponge platform inhibits SARS-CoV-2's viral infectivity, or its ability to enter host cells and replicate the virus. The nanosponges are cloaked in membranes from human cells such as lung epithelial and immune cells, which the virus would latch onto instead of actual human cells. Full Story


UCSD Researchers Say 'Nanosponges' Could Be Used to Prevent COVID-19

NBC San Diego | June 18, 2020

UC San Diego announced today that technology known as "nanosponges" developed by its engineers could work as a decoy to attract the virus that causes COVID-19 and divert it from infecting human cells. Researchers say lab experiments conducted at Boston University have shown promising signs that the nanosponge platform inhibits SARS-CoV-2's viral infectivity, or its ability to enter host cells and replicate the virus. The nanosponges are cloaked in membranes from human cells such as lung epithelial and immune cells, which the virus would latch onto instead of actual human cells. Full Story


UCSD Researchers Say 'Nanosponges' Could Be Used to Prevent COVID-19

NBC Los Angeles | June 18, 2020

UC San Diego announced today that technology known as "nanosponges" developed by its engineers could work as a decoy to attract the virus that causes COVID-19 and divert it from infecting human cells. Researchers say lab experiments conducted at Boston University have shown promising signs that the nanosponge platform inhibits SARS-CoV-2's viral infectivity, or its ability to enter host cells and replicate the virus. The nanosponges are cloaked in membranes from human cells such as lung epithelial and immune cells, which the virus would latch onto instead of actual human cells. Full Story


Scientists use 'nanosponges' to soak up, neutralise coronavirus in lab study

Yahoo! News | June 18, 2020

Ultrasmall sponge-like particles covered by human lung and immune cell membranes can attract, soak up, and neutralise the novel coronavirus, says a lab study that may lead to new therapies for COVID-19. According to the research, published in the journal Nano Letters, these 'nanosponges,' which are thousand times smaller than the width of a single human hair, are named so as they soak up harmful pathogens and toxins. These particles were developed by engineers, including those from the University of California (UC) San Diego in the US, for their ability to prevent Full Story


Scientists use 'nanosponges' to soak up, neutralise coronavirus in lab study

Deccan Herald | June 18, 2020

According to the research, published in the journal Nano Letters, these "nanosponges," which are thousand times smaller than the width of a single human hair, are named so as they soak up harmful pathogens and toxins. These particles were developed by engineers, including those from the University of California (UC) San Diego in the US, for their ability to prevent the novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, from hijacking host cells. Full Story


Searching For Answers: Scientists Struggle To Get Beyond Ambiguous Reasons Behind Who Dies, Who Doesn't

Kaiser Health News | June 18, 2020

s it age, pre-existing conditions, blood types or virus strains that make one person more likely to die than another? Scientists says the "why" of the matter remains unclear. Science news is also on soaking up the virus with tiny, tiny sponges, having certain blood types might be helpful, trying to produce super antibodies, alleviating fears for pregnant women, exploring childhood vulnerability and analyzing infection rates among the elderly, as well. Full Story


'Nanosponges' Could Be Used To Prevent COVID-19: UCSD Researchers

MSN | June 18, 2020

UC San Diego announced Wednesday that technology known as "nanosponges" developed by its engineers could work as a decoy to attract the virus that causes COVID-19 and divert it from infecting human cells. Researchers say lab experiments conducted at Boston University have shown promising signs that the nanosponge platform inhibits SARS-CoV-2's viral infectivity, or its ability to enter host cells and replicate the virus. Full Story


'Nanosponges' May Divert Coronavirus from Cells, UCSD Engineers Say

Times of San Diego | June 17, 2020

UC San Diego announced Wednesday that technology known as "nanosponges" developed by its engineers could work as a decoy to attract the virus that causes COVID-19 and divert it from infecting human cells. The nanosponges are cloaked in membranes from human cells such as lung epithelial and immune cells, which the virus would latch onto instead of actual human cells. UCSD says experiments have shown both lung cell and immune cell types of nanosponges have caused the virus to lose nearly 90% of its viral infectivity. Full Story


UCSD researchers testing 'nanosponges' to fight COVID-19

10 News San Diego | June 17, 2020

UC San Diego researchers are testing a technology that's been in development for more than a decade to fight the coronavirus. In lab experiments, "nanosponges" covered in human lung cell membranes and immune cell membranes were found to attract and neutralize the SARS-CoV-2 virus in cell culture, according to a UCSD release. This caused the virus to lose about 90% of infectivity, or its ability to hijack cells and reproduce. Full Story


'Nanosponges' that attract and neutralise coronavirus cells could protect against Covid-19

Institution of Mechanical Engineers | June 17, 2020

The 'nanosponges' - biodegradable polymer cores coated in human lung cell and immune cell membranes - can attract and neutralise the SARS-CoV-2 virus in cell culture, causing the virus to lose its ability to hijack host cells and reproduce. The particles were developed by engineers at the University of California (UC) San Diego and tested by researchers at Boston University in Massachusetts. In lab experiments, both the lung cell and immune cell types of nanosponges caused the SARS-CoV-2 virus to lose nearly 90% of its ?viral infectivity' in a dose-dependent manner. Full Story


San Diego Researchers Develop Mini 'Sponges' That Could Stop Coronavirus

KPBS | June 17, 2020

UC San Diego researchers say a new type of technology, called "nanosponges" can be used to stop the coronavirus from infecting human cells and multiplying. The research is out Wednesday, June 17 in the peer-reviewed journal Nano Letters. The tool is not exactly an antiviral drug. Antivirals works by targeting and trying to stop the virus itself. Nanosponges, on the other hand, focus on human cells and guard them, so they can't be infected by the virus. The method works like this: Scientists take tiny particles, which are biodegradable and can leave the human body ... Full Story


Cellics Therapeutics Announces the Publication of Cellular Nanosponges Inhibit SARS-CoV-2 Infectivity in Nano Letters

Yahoo! Finance | June 17, 2020

Cellics Therapeutics, Inc. (Cellics) announced today that results of the study that evaluates the potential benefits of macrophage and pulmonary epithelial nanosponges in neutralizing SARS-CoV-2 infectivity have been published in Nano Letters, entitled Cellular Nanosponges Inhibit SARS-CoV-2 Infectivity, based on research conducted by its founder, Liangfang Zhang, Ph.D. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.nanolett.0c02278. As new information about COVID-19 continues to emerge almost on a daily basis, the virus has already demonstrated its ability to mutate and became more infectious, Full Story


Can "Nanosponges" Help Treat Patients With Coronavirus?

Forbes | June 17, 2020

With news yesterday out of the UK that the inexpensive and widely available steroid dexamethasone significantly reduced deaths in coronavirus patients who are intubated and those requiring oxygen, following published evidence last month that the antiviral Remdesivir shortened time to recovery, the search for a breakthrough drug or approach that improves survival before approval of a viable vaccine remains illusive. Add to this the potential for the virus to mutate--already with multiple strains-- the search for a new approach would be ideal. Full Story


Tiny Sponges May Soak Up Coronavirus; Old Steroid Dexamethasone Saves Lives in COVID-19 Study

The New York Times | June 17, 2020

The following is a brief roundup of some of the latest scientific studies on the novel coronavirus and efforts to find treatments and vaccines for COVID-19, the illness caused by the virus. Microscopic sponges may be able to soak up the coronavirus Scientists have developed microscopic sponges - a thousand times smaller than the width of a human hair - they hope might be used inside the body to attract and neutralize the coronavirus. The "nanosponges" are coated with membranes from lung cells or from immune cells known as macrophages, study co-leader Liangfang Zhang of UCSD told Reuters. Full Story


Covid-19 could accelerate the robot takeover of human jobs

MIT Technology Review | June 17, 2020

Inside a Schnucks grocery store in St. Louis, Missouri, the toilet paper and baking ingredients are mostly cleared out. A rolling robot turns a corner and heads down an aisle stocked with salsa and taco shells. It comes up against a masked customer wearing shorts and sneakers; he's pushing a shopping cart carrying bread. The robot looks something like a tower speaker on top of an autonomous home vacuum cleaner-tall and thin, with orb-like screen eyes halfway up that shift left and right. A red sign on its long head makes the introductions. "Hi, I'm Tally! I check shelf inventory!" Full Story


Nieuwe Nano-Sponsjes Kunnen Coronavirus Onschadelijk Maken

Scientias | June 17, 2020

Dat schrijven Amerikaanse onderzoekers in het blad Nano Letters. Ze baseren zich onder meer op experimenten in petrischaaltjes, waarbij de door hen ontwikkelde nano-sponsjes uitzonderlijk goed in staat bleken om het virus, nog voor het gezonde cellen kon infecteren, onschadelijk te maken. Onderzoekers van de University of California (San Diego) werken al meer dan tien jaar aan nanodeeltjes die ontwikkeld zijn om ziekteverwekkers en gifstoffen op te ruimen. Omdat de nanodeeltjes deze als het ware opnemen, worden ze door de onderzoekers ook wel aangeduid als ?nano-sponsjes?. En met de uitbraak v Full Story


Nowa metoda walki z koronawirusem? Ma wykorzystywać... nanogąbkę

WP Tech | June 17, 2020

Naukowcy z University of California San Diego i Boston University School of Medicine przedstawili nowatorską metodę zapobiegającą rozprzestrzenianiu się koronawisa w organizmie. W tym celu chcą wykorzystać niezwykłą nanogąbkę. Full Story


'Nanoesponja' engana o vírus da Covid-19 e previne infecção

Olhar Digital | June 17, 2020

Nanopartículas envoltas em membranas de células pulmonares e células imunes, que atraem e neutralizam o Sars-Cov-2, conseguiram interromper a reprodução do vírus da Covid-19 em experimentos de laboratório. Os primeiros dados que descrevem esse possível tratamento foram publicados na revista científica Nano Letters. Full Story


Tiny sponges may soak up coronavirus; old steriod dexamethanson saves lives in COVID-19 study

WIBQ | June 17, 2020

The following is a brief roundup of some of the latest scientific studies on the novel coronavirus and efforts to find treatments and vaccines for COVID-19, the illness caused by the virus. Scientists have developed microscopic sponges - a thousand times smaller than the width of a human hair - they hope might be used inside the body to attract and neutralize the coronavirus. The "nanosponges" are coated with membranes from lung cells or from immune cells known as macrophages, study co-leader Liangfang Zhang of the University of California, San Diego told Reuters. Full Story


Tiny sponges may soak up coronavirus; old steroid dexamethasone saves lives in COVID-19 study

WTVB | June 17, 2020

The following is a brief roundup of some of the latest scientific studies on the novel coronavirus and efforts to find treatments and vaccines for COVID-19, the illness caused by the virus. Microscopic sponges may be able to soak up the coronavirus. Scientists have developed microscopic sponges - a thousand times smaller than the width of a human hair - they hope might be used inside the body to attract and neutralize the coronavirus. The "nanosponges" are coated with membranes from lung cells or from immune cells known as macrophages, study co-leader Liangfang Zhang of UCSD. Full Story


Tiny sponges may soak up coronavirus; old steroid dexamethasone saves lives in COVID-19 study

Swiss Info | June 17, 2020

The following is a brief roundup of some of the latest scientific studies on the novel coronavirus and efforts to find treatments and vaccines for COVID-19, the illness caused by the virus. Microscopic sponges may be able to soak up the coronavirus. Scientists have developed microscopic sponges - a thousand times smaller than the width of a human hair - they hope might be used inside the body to attract and neutralize the coronavirus. The "nanosponges" are coated with membranes from lung cells or from immune cells known as macrophages, study co-leader Liangfang Zhang of UC San Diego. Full Story


Tiny sponges may soak up coronavirus; old steroid dexamethasone saves lives in COVID-19 study

Yahoo! News | June 17, 2020

The following is a brief roundup of some of the latest scientific studies on the novel coronavirus and efforts to find treatments and vaccines for COVID-19, the illness caused by the virus. Microscopic sponges may be able to soak up the coronavirus. Scientists have developed microscopic sponges - a thousand times smaller than the width of a human hair - they hope might be used inside the body to attract and neutralize the coronavirus. The "nanosponges" are coated with membranes from lung cells or from immune cells known as macrophages, study co-leader Liangfang Zhang of UCSD told Reuters. Full Story


Covid-19 could accelerate the robot takeover of human jobs

Technology Review | June 17, 2020

Machines were supposed to take over tasks too dangerous for humans. Now humans are the danger, and robots might be the solution. Inside a Schnucks grocery store in St. Louis, Missouri, the toilet paper and baking ingredients are mostly cleared out. A rolling robot turns a corner and heads down an aisle stocked with salsa and taco shells. It comes up against a masked customer wearing shorts and sneakers; he's pushing a shopping cart carrying bread. The robot looks something like a tower speaker on top of an autonomous home vacuum cleaner-tall and thin, with orb-like screen eyes Full Story


UC San Diego professors, students create app to improve Tijuana's ambulance service

Border Report | June 15, 2020

For the better part of a year, Tijuana's Red Cross has been using a mobile app developed by professors and students at the University of California San Diego. The application has created a faster, easier and more efficient way to dispatch ambulance crews to emergencies around Tijuana, a city of about 1.7 million people. Full Story


Drug-carrying platelets engineered to propel themselves through biofluids

Tech Xplore | June 11, 2020

A team of researchers from the University of California San Diego and the University of Science and Technology Beijing has developed a way to engineer platelets to propel themselves through biofluids as a means of delivering drugs to targeted parts of the body. In their paper published in the journal Science Robotics, the group outlines their method and how well it worked when tested in the lab. In the same issue, Jinjun Shi with Brigham and Women's Hospital has published a Focus piece outlining ongoing research into the development of natural drug delivery systems Full Story


ENGINEERED HUMAN CELLS COULD PROPEL DRUGS THROUGH THE BODY

Futurism | June 11, 2020

Recently, several research teams have proposed injecting medical patients with nanobots that could transport medicine throughout their bodies. But one group has a simpler idea: engineer cells already present in the bloodstream to carry the drugs instead.Scientists from the University of California, San Diego and the University of Science and Technology Beijing found a way to engineer platelets - the thin, flat cells that form clots and stop you from bleeding - such that they can propel themselves throughout the body, according to Tech Xplore. Full Story


Border Report: Tech Is Making Better Use of Tijuana's Ambulances

Voice of San Diego | June 8, 2020

Last year, a new mobile application created for Tijuana?s Cruz Roja with the help of the University of California, San Diego, sought to make the few ambulances the city has more efficient by helping to track ambulances, so dispatchers can see where ambulances are and which ones are available for dispatch to respond to emergency calls. In light of COVID-19, Cruz Roja and UC San Diego have added some new features to the app. Full Story


Rethinking the Hospital for the Next Pandemic

the Wall Street Journal | June 8, 2020

Hospitals are rethinking how they operate in light of the Covid-19 pandemic?and preparing for a future where such crises may become a grim fact of life. With the potential for resurgences of the coronavirus, and some scientists warning about outbreaks of other infectious diseases, hospitals don?t want to be caught flat-footed again. So, more of them are turning to new protocols and new technology to overhaul standard operating procedure, from the time patients show up at an emergency room through admission, treatment and discharge. Full Story


Robots Walk Faster With Newly Developed Flexible Feet

Unite AI | June 5, 2020

Roboticists at the University of California San Diego have developed flexible feet for robots. The new technology can result in robots walking 40 percent faster on uneven terrains like pebbles and wood chips. The new development is important for a variety of different applications, especially search-and-rescue missions. The research will be presented at the RoboSoft conference, which will be virtual and take place between May 15 and July 15, 2020. Emily Lathrop is a Ph.D. student at the Jacobs School of Engineering at UC San Diego and the first author of the paper. Full Story


Cheap, Fast Fabrication of Insect-Like Robots

Design News | June 4, 2020

Developing soft robots is of great interest to scientists because they can be useful for many tasks that rigid robots or humans find challenging to perform. These include surgeries, working alongside humans in factory settings, and navigating disaster or war zones. Now engineers at the University of California San Diego have used 3D printing to create soft and flexible robots called "flexoskeletons" that they said can be applied to make it easy for anyone to fabricate soft robots. Full Story


Electronics 3D Printing Part 4: Research Toward the Future

3DPrint.com | June 4, 2020

What gets developed in university and corporate labs often defines the next generation of a given technology. While we have covered two of the most established methods for 3D printing electronics, direct writing and inkjetting, researchers are currently paving the future for fabricating 3D-printed electronic parts. One of the areas with the greatest interest is flexible circuits, given the potential to incorporate electronic devices into clothing and other non-flat objects. Full Story


Electronics 3D Printing Part 4: Research Toward the Future

3Dprint | June 4, 2020

What gets developed in university and corporate labs often defines the next generation of a given technology. While we have covered two of the most established methods for 3D printing electronics, direct writing and inkjetting, researchers are currently paving the future for fabricating 3D-printed electronic parts. One of the areas with the greatest interest is flexible circuits, given the potential to incorporate electronic devices into clothing and other non-flat objects. Full Story


The feet of this robot are filled with what substance?

Government Technology | June 3, 2020

As it turns out, coffee doesn't just make humans work better -- it can also improve efficiency for our artificial counterparts. A team of scientists at the University of California San Diego found that they could make it easier for a robot to walk on uneven ground if they gave it soft feet filled with coffee grounds. On each foot of their robot, they attached a flexible latex sphere filled with dry coffee grounds and reinforced with an internal support structure designed like the roots of a plant. When the robot takes a step, the coffee grounds are jammed together around the shape... Full Story


The largest electric plane yet completed its first flight ? but it's the batteries that matter

NBC News | June 2, 2020

Better batteries are on the way. Materials scientist Shirley Meng of the University of California San Diego is part of the Battery 500 Consortium working on new battery designs. Commercial lithium-ion batteries can store about 250 watt-hours of electricity per kilogram, she said, but new designs could double that in a few years?although it depends on how quickly factories can be equipped to make them. Full Story


Flexi-footed robot races across uneven ground

E&T Engineering and Technology | June 2, 2020

Researchers from the University of California-San Diego envisage the feet being in applications for search-and-rescue missions or even space exploration. "Robots need to be able to walk fast and efficiently on natural, uneven terrain so they can go everywhere humans can go, but maybe shouldn't," said Emily Lathrop, the paper's first author. "Usually, robots are only able to control motion at specific joints," said professor Michael T. Tolley. "In this work, we showed that a robot that can control the stiffness, and hence the shape, of its feet outperforms traditional designs..." Full Story


San Diego Is Embracing Coronavirus-Combating Tech

Voice of San Diego | June 1, 2020

Local researchers and businesses are offering new digital tools to help transform the way we clean rooms, test and trace the sick and prevent the spread of infectious diseases -- not just COVID-19. Full Story


Coffee-filled feet help off-road robots walk faster

New Atlas | June 1, 2020

One of the main proposed uses for legged robots is the exploration of disaster sites. In order to walk across all that rubble, though, they would definitely need to be sure-footed - which is where new coffee-filled robot feet are designed to come in. Being developed by scientists at the University of California San Diego, the feet each consist of a flexible latex sphere packed with loose, dry coffee grounds. Along with that coffee, each foot also contains a plant-root-inspired internal support structure.When moving through the air, the feet remain soft and squishy. Full Story


Wearable tech can spot coronavirus symptoms before you even realise you're sick - study

IOL | May 29, 2020

Data from a wearable device can reveal coronavirus symptoms days before you even realise you're sick, researchers have found in preliminary studies. That means fitness trackers could be on their way to becoming sickness trackers. The initial findings from two academic studies are a small step in the fight against the coronavirus, and a giant leap for wearable tech. If Fitbits, Apple Watches and Oura smart rings prove to be an effective early-warning system, they could help reopen communities and workplaces - and evolve from consumer tech novelties into health essentials. Full Story


UC San Diego develops eCOVID remote patient monitoring app

Healthcare IT News | May 28, 2020

The university's COVID-19 telemedicine clinic plans to apply machine learning algorithms to data from patients' vital signs, health behavior and self-reported symptoms. Full Story


Wearable tech can spot coronavirus symptoms before you even realize you're sick

the Washington Post | May 28, 2020

Data from a wearable device can reveal coronavirus symptoms days before you even realize you're sick, researchers have found in preliminary studies. That means fitness trackers could be on their way to becoming sickness trackers. The initial findings from two academic studies are a small step in the fight against the coronavirus, and a giant leap for wearable tech. If Fitbits, Apple Watches and Oura smart rings prove to be an effective early-warning system, they could help reopen communities and workplaces -- and evolve from consumer tech novelties into health essentials. Full Story


Wearable tech can spot coronavirus symptoms before you even realize you're sick. Here's how.

The Seattle Times | May 28, 2020

Data from a wearable device can reveal coronavirus symptoms days before you even realize you're sick, researchers have found in preliminary studies. That means fitness trackers could be on their way to becoming sickness trackers. The initial findings from two academic studies are a small step in the fight against the coronavirus, and a giant leap for wearable tech. If Fitbits, Apple Watches and Oura smart rings prove to be an effective early-warning system, they could help reopen communities and workplaces - and evolve from consumer tech novelties into health essentials. Full Story


Wearable tech can spot coronavirus symptoms before you even realize you're sick

Stars and Stripes | May 28, 2020

Data from a wearable device can reveal coronavirus symptoms days before you even realize you're sick, researchers have found in preliminary studies. That means fitness trackers could be on their way to becoming sickness trackers. The initial findings from two academic studies are a small step in the fight against the coronavirus, and a giant leap for wearable tech. If Fitbits, Apple Watches and Oura smart rings prove to be an effective early-warning system, they could help reopen communities and workplaces ? and evolve from consumer tech novelties into health essentials. Full Story


UC San Diego builds automated remote monitoring platform for at-home COVID-19 patients

Becker's Hospital Review | May 27, 2020

University of California San Diego engineers developed a remote monitoring platform for COVID-19 patients that automates the care team's daily check-ins to monitor symptoms. Full Story


Video Friday: This Robot Wants to Talk to You

IEEE Spectrum | May 22, 2020

[Video] Roboticists at the University of California, San Diego have developed an affordable, easy to use system to track the location of flexible surgical robots inside the human body. The system performs as well as current state of the art methods, but is much less expensive. Many current methods also require exposure to radiation, while this system does not. Full Story


University lab develops disinfecting drone with UV-C lights

Drone DJ | May 22, 2020

As America gradually starts to reopen its economy after COVID-19 lockdowns, the need to continually disinfect public spaces is growing. Researchers at the University of California San Diego (UCSD) have a suggestion: build disinfecting drones with germ-killing UV-C lights. This is just the latest in a series of efforts to employ drones for disinfection work. Most focus on liquid disinfectants and require large drones to cover large areas, such as sporting arenas. Omni Environmental Solutions, for instance, makes a drone that carries 10 liters of disinfectant solution... Full Story


UCSD lab developing drone with UV-C lights

10 News | May 21, 2020

A team at UCSD Jacobs School of Engineering is developing a drone with UV-C lights that could be used for disinfecting surfaces. The DetecDrone Team, led by Professor Tara Javidi, has developed a prototype using consumer drones and LED light strips. Full Story


Flexible medical robots get low-cost, highly accurate guidance at UC San Diego

The Robot Report | May 19, 2020

Current methods of guiding flexible surgical robots within the human body are often expensive and require exposure to radiation. Engineers at the University of California San Diego said they have developed an easy-to-use system to track the location of flexible medical robots that performs as well as current state-of-the-art methods but is much less costly and does not involve radiation. The system was developed by Tania Morimoto, a professor of mechanical engineering at the Jacobs School of Engineering at UC San Diego, and mechanical engineering Ph.D. student Connor Watson. Full Story


The Paths to Net Zero

Foreign Affairs | May 14, 2020

For 30 years, diplomats and policymakers have called for decisive action on climate change--and for 30 years, the climate crisis has grown worse. There are a multitude of reasons for this failure. The benefits of climate action lie mostly in the future, they are diffuse and hard to pin down, and they will accrue above all to poor populations that do not have much of a voice in politics, whether in those countries that emit most of the world's warming pollution or at the global level. Full Story


Exclusive: Tesla's secret batteries aim to rework the math for electric cars and the grid

Reuters | May 14, 2020

Electric car maker Tesla Inc (TSLA.O) plans to introduce a new low-cost, long-life battery in its Model 3 sedan in China later this year or early next that it expects will bring the cost of electric vehicles in line with gasoline models, and allow EV batteries to have second and third lives in the electric power grid. For months, Tesla Chief Executive Elon Musk has been teasing investors, and rivals, with promises to reveal significant advances in battery technology during a "Battery Day" in late May. Full Story


Hoovering the ocean

Washington Post | May 13, 2020

Grand, maybe unrealistic, hopes ride on FRED, whose baptism last month was only a first test for the students and a small start-up called Clear Blue Sea. Like other emerging ventures around the world, the nonprofit group is trying to help solve one of the planet?s most daunting problems: oceans littered with plastic. Full Story


Robots that can sniff out chemical weapons and pollution are comming soon --study

Inverse | May 11, 2020

Whether it's old gym clothes, a wet dog, or strong body odor -- our brains are remarkably good ignoring pervasive smells. It's a quirk of our olfactory system that's called habituation, which increases focus on new and threatening smells. Beyond uses in our brain, scientists believe a form of habituation can be used by A.I. to process massive amounts of data. Borrowing neural circuitry from a fruit fly, scientists have designed an algorithm to mimic this neurobiological phenomenon, hoping to learn more about habituation. Full Story


Are We Building AI systems that Learned to Lie to Us?

Medium | May 10, 2020

I have been hearing about concerns over deepfakes in recent years. Facebook is teaming up with Microsoft, the Partnership on AI coalition and academics from several universities to launch a contest (from late 2019 to spring of 2020) to better detect deepfakes. The social media giant spends $10 million on this contest. The term deepfakes - a combination of the terms "deep learning" and "fake", a form of artificial intelligence and originated around the end of 2017 from a Reddit user named "deepfakes". Full Story


Researchers created a highly expandable foam for 3D printing

Mashable | May 6, 2020

Developed by researchers from UC San Diego, the foam resin can be used to 3D print objects larger than the printer itself. Full Story


Genome Editing Helps Cell Lines

Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News | May 5, 2020

If you want to "clean up" in the recombinant protein business, you might want to start by sweeping away process-related impurities, specifically, host cell proteins (HCPs). Undesirable HCPs are generated by host cells along with desirable biotherapeutic proteins, increasing metabolic demand, degrading product quality, and contaminating the final product. They also necessitate troublesome (and expensive) purification procedures. In other words, you can clean up now, or clean up later. To make "now" an option, researchers from the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) Full Story


NEW IEEE-USA E-BOOK EXAMINES WHY STEM ISN'T DRAWING MORE GIRLS

InSight IEEE USA | May 1, 2020

Here are two things Pamela Cosman wants you to know: More girls need to pursue STEM careers; and the reason more young women are not becoming engineers or physicists has everything to do with society giving them the wrong message. Cosman, who is a professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of California San Diego (UCSD), and an IEEE Fellow, is passionate about gender equity. Her efforts to improve both the percentage of females in STEM, and their accomplishments, have brought her national recognition. Full Story


How Can Robots Help in a Pandemic?

LabMate | April 30, 2020

While epidemiologists search for a vaccine for the novel COVID-19 virus, researchers at the University of California - San Diego are championing robots as an effective tool for managing the pandemic. In a medical setting, the team say robots can carry out critical clinical care tasks such as sanitisation and handling of contaminated waste. They also say robots can be used to monitor quarantine compliance within the community and help enforce social distancing rules. Henrik Christensen, director of the Contextual Robotics Institute says robots are already being used for these tasks Full Story


How robots can dramatically improve your hospital's management of COVID-19

MultiBriefs Exclusive | April 29, 2020

Whether you work as a physician or in administration, your attention is now squarely focused on reducing COVID-19 risk to your patients and caregivers in any way you can. One emerging solution that can help you achieve this goal is robotics. New research from the University of California San Diego found that mobile robots in a hospital setting can provide excellent results when it comes to key care areas such as: Clinical Care. Full Story


Flying Insects and Their Robot Imitators

Physics | April 27, 2020

Despite its meager appearance, the fruit fly is a first-class flying machine. It can generate lift with tiny wings that defy simple aerodynamic rules. Its wing muscles cycle at 200 times per second, making them some of the fastest muscles on the planet. And it has a rapid response to predators (and annoyed humans) that would be the envy of any fighter pilot. For years, biologists have investigated the flight secrets of fruit flies, as well as those of bees, mosquitos, and moths. Insect flight attracts so much interest because it shows nature's triumph over a highly complicated problem. Full Story


New Solution to Keep Lithium Batteries from Catching Fire

Design News | April 27, 2020

One of the big challenges that researchers have tried to solve regarding lithium-based batteries is their tendency to degrade or fail in a way that causes them to catch fire or explode. Now nanoengineers from the University of California (UC) San Diego have devised a new safety feature that could prevent lithium-metal batteries from this disastrous scenario in case of an internal short circuit. A team led by UC San Diego nanoengineering professor Ping Liu has modified the battery's separator, which stands between the anode and cathode, to slow the flow of energy--and thus the heat Full Story


How Silicon Valley's favorite sleep tracker is being used to fight the COVID-19 crisis and detect early signs of its aftermath

Yahoo! News | April 27, 2020

Now, Oura is working with researchers at the University of California, San Francisco, and University of California, San Diego, on a new study to see if the smart ring can be used to detect COVID-19 symptoms early. Before, the company was probably best known as Silicon Valley's favorite sleep tracker. The Oura is comfortable to wear, but it does feel noticeably thicker than your average piece of jewelry. That being said, once you get used to it, you forget it's there. It doesn't buzz, vibrate, or light up like other wearables, and it's less cumbersome to wear to sleep than a smartwatch Full Story


High-tech rings are tracking Covid-19 'warning signs'

Health 24 | April 25, 2020

Researchers are gathering data from thousands of Americans to create an "early warning system" that can identify people in the early stages of Covid-19. More than 12 000 people - including thousands of health care workers in California and West Virginia - are already wearing specially designed Oura rings that track their temperature, breathing, heart and activity. "Our first push is to get as many people involved as possible," said study leader Benjamin Smarr, a professor of data science and bioengineering at the University of California, San Diego. Full Story


Kemri uses biotech to trace Covid-19's trail in the country

Daily Nation | April 23, 2020

When you hear of Charles Darwin, the mind quickly drifts to the theory of evolution as the scientist is best known for his contributions to this science. Today, this concept can be applied to anything that evolves, including viruses. Forty days after reporting its first confirmed case of the novel coronavirus, Kenya has joined the global race to trace Covid-19 with genomics after posting the DNA of the virus circulating in the country. Full Story


Caretaker bots and starfish assassins: Meet the tech that protects Earth's reefs

Yahoo! Finance | April 22, 2020

Coral reefs are dying everywhere. As the home of the most diverse ecosystems on Earth, that's bad news. Coral reefs protect our coastlines from waves and tropical storms, while also sheltering huge numbers of marine organisms. Their decline is the result of predominantly human actions such as pollution, overfishing, coral mining and, of course, the coral-bleaching effects of climate change. Can technology help mitigate or even reverse this tragic trend? Here are six examples of cutting-edge tech that might assist with exactly that. Full Story


Power/Performance Bits: April 21

Semiconductor Engineering | April 21, 2020

Researchers from the University of Utah developed a new lens that doesn't require focusing. They present it as an alternative to the multiple lenses common in smartphone cameras. "Our flat lenses can drastically reduce the weight, complexity and cost of cameras and other imaging systems, while increasing their functionality," said research team leader Rajesh Menon from the University of Utah. "Such optics could enable thinner smartphone cameras, improved and smaller cameras for biomedical imaging such as endoscopy, and more compact cameras for automobiles." Full Story


Governor taps Tom Steyer to help lead CA's economic recovery

San Diego Metro Magaziine | April 21, 2020

Former presidential candidate and businessman Tom Steyer will help chart California's path toward economic recovery as co-chair of Gov. Gavin Newsom's new economic task force, Newsom announced Friday, a week after the resignation of his chief economic advisor, Lenny Mendonca. The 80-member task force includes big-name business leaders like former Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen, Apple CEO Tim Cook, Walt Disney Executive Chairman Bob Iger and Gap CEO Sonia Syngal -- as well as the four living former California governors and leaders of 10 labor unions. Full Story


5 Rules for Sheltering in Place With Cockroaches, Spiders and Turtles

The New York Times | April 21, 2020

Glenna Clifton, a postdoctoral research in the lab of Nicholas Gravish in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at UC San Diego, talks about what it's like to shelter in place with one of her experiments, which involves nine cockroaches. Subscription required Full Story


Advancing Technology and Microbiome Research Amid COVID-19 Pandemic--Rob Knight--Center for Microbiome Innovation, UC San Diego

Finding Genius Podcast | April 19, 2020

Founding director of the Center for Microbiome Innovation and professor of pediatrics and computer science & engineering at UC San Diego, Rob Knight, discusses several aspects of his past and ongoing contributions to the field of microbiome research. He also discusses his recent focus on the COVID-19 pandemic. On this episode, you?ll learn the following: Why COVID-19 is causing a very time-sensitive need for serology tests to detect antibodies; What dietary factors affect the microbiome in certain viral and bacterial diseases (e.g. salmonella, influenza) Full Story


3D printed coral mimics the real thing

Red, Green, and Blue | April 18, 2020

Researchers at the University of Cambridge and UC San Diego say they have found a way to 3D-print a bionic coral that supports the photosynthesis capabilities of algae. "Corals are highly efficient at collecting and using light," said first author Daniel Wangpraseurt, a professor of chemistry at Cambridge. "In our lab, we're looking for methods to copy and mimic these strategies from nature for commercial applications." That is critical for replicating structures with live cells, says co-author Shaochen Chen of UC San Diego. Full Story


Nonprofit Launches Quarantine Coding Club: Teaches kids how they can be part of the Digital Solution to COVID-19

KUSI News | April 16, 2020

Since COVID-19 shut down SDUSD schools, the staff at ThoughtSTEM and MetaCoders have collaborated to create an online Coding Club that teaches students how they can build technologies to help their own virus-afflicted communities. "The goal is to empower students to build their own digital solutions to solve problems they might see in their households and neighborhoods," says MetaCoders co-founder, Lindsey Handley, Ph.D. "I don't think every student who joins our online program will necessarily build the next COVID-19 app, but I do believe they'll come away with a sense that coding is more Full Story


A closer look at clouds to optimize energy forecasts

PV Magazine | April 16, 2020

A group of scientists in the United States has developed a weather forecasting model designed to better predict the solar irradiation that a given area will receive. The model uses satellite data to estimate the light transmission properties of clouds, a metric often overlooked in standard weather forecasting, but nonetheless vital in modeling PV energy yield. Full Story


Coral-inspired biomaterials could lead to efficient biofuel production

National Science Foundation | April 16, 2020

Researchers at the University of California San Diego and their colleagues have designed 3D printed, coral-inspired structures capable of growing dense populations of microscopic algae. The National Science Foundation-funded work, published in the journal Nature Communications, could lead to compact, more efficient bioreactors for producing algae-based biofuels. It could also help researchers better understand the intricate biology of the coral-algae relationship and develop new techniques to repair and restore coral reefs. Full Story


Bionic Corals Manage Light for Microalgae

Optics & Photonics News | April 15, 2020

Too often these days, stress causes the corals to expel their algal communities--coral bleaching--which can lead to the death of the coral reef and a giant interruption to the reef's ecology. A multinational research team aims to bring back some of that biodiversity by 3D printing coral-inspired structures that can act as light-mediating incubators for the next generation of microalgae (Nat. Commun., doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-15486-4). Full Story


Can a Wearable Detect Covid-19 Before Symptoms Appear?

Wired | April 14, 2020

The first thing you might notice about Michael Snyder is just how many gadgets he has strapped to his hands and wrists on any given day--an Apple Watch, a Fitbit, a Biostrap. The second is his enthusiasm for such devices. For more than a decade, Snyder, a biology researcher at Stanford University, has been using consumer wearables to determine whether these kinds of biosensors--and the data collected from them--can help track the onset of infections or illness. Now Snyder and his team are launching a new research project. Full Story


Researchers create "Flexoskeletons" for insect-inspired robots that are cheap to make

Slash Gear | April 13, 2020

Engineers from the University of California San Diego have created a new way to make soft, flexible 3D-printed robots that don't require special equipment and only take minutes to build. The innovation the researchers have come up with comes to a rethinking of the way soft robots are built. Rather than figuring out how to add soft materials to a rigid robot body, the researcher started with a soft body and attached rigid features to critical components. Full Story


COVID-19 robotics resources: ideas for roboticists, users, and educators

Robohub | April 13, 2020

Robots could have a role to play in COVID-19, whether it's automating laboratory research, helping with logistics, disinfecting hospitals, education, or allowing carers, colleagues or loved ones to connect using telepresence. Yet many of these solutions are still in development or early deployment. The hope is that accelerating these translations could make a difference. This page aims to compile some resources for roboticists who are able to help, users who need robots for COVID-19 applications, and people who want to learn about robotics while on lockdown. Full Story


Scientists can 3D print insect-like robots in minutes

Engadget | April 11, 2020

It might soon be relatively trivial to make soft robots--at least, if you have a 3D printer handy. UC San Diego researchers have devised a way to 3D-print insect-like flexible robots cheaply, quickly and without using exotic equipment. The trick was to print "flexoskeletons," or rigid materials 3D-printed on to flexible and thin polycarbonate sheets. Much like insects, there are features that increase rigidity only in specific areas--a contrast with conventional soft robots that often have soft features tacked on to solid bodies. Each flexoskeleton component takes about 10 minutes to print, Full Story


Scientists can 3D print insect-like robots in minutes

Yahoo! Finance | April 11, 2020

It might soon be relatively trivial to make soft robots -- at least, if you have a 3D printer handy. UC San Diego researchers have devised a way to 3D-print insect-like flexible robots cheaply, quickly and without using exotic equipment. The trick was to print "flexoskeletons," or rigid materials 3D-printed on to flexible and thin polycarbonate sheets. Much like insects, there are features that increase rigidity only in specific areas -- a contrast with conventional soft robots that often have soft features tacked on to solid bodies. Full Story


Robots are Changing the Fight Against Coronavirus

Yahoo! News | April 11, 2020

As the coronavirus pandemic rages on and stay-at-home measures stay in place, it's safe to say that pretty much everyone's life has been upended by this point. But a silver lining is emerging in the form of highly advanced robots being thrust into new roles to combat the disease. And instead of being viewed as evil or job-stealing, these robots are seen as solution providers, and even essential to supporting the government's frontline endeavors. Full Story


Why am I always tired? The main causes of sleepiness and fatigue

Business Insider Singapore | April 11, 2020

If you always feel tired, it may be sleepiness or fatigue - and there's a key difference. Sleepy people would sleep, given the opportunity, and it will often give them more energy. Fatigued people tend to have low energy levels regardless of sleep, and generally don't feel like doing much. There are many causes of sleepiness and fatigue. Whether it's lack of sleep, poor sleep quality, a nutrient deficiency, or an underlying condition - here are some of the most common reasons why you may be feeling tired. Full Story


Here's how scientists are tracking the genetic evolution of COVID-19

The Street | April 10, 2020

Niema Moshiri, University of California San Diego When you hear the term "evolutionary tree," you may think of Charles Darwin and the study of the relationships between different species over the span of millions of years. While the concept of an "evolutionary tree" originated in Darwin's "On the Origin of Species," one can apply this concept to anything that evolves, including viruses. Scientists can study the evolution of SARS-CoV-2 to learn more about how the genes of the virus function. It is also useful to make inferences about the spread of the virus around the world, Full Story


3D-printed coral better than the real thing - at some things

COSMOS the Science of Everything | April 10, 2020

Scientists have 3D printed coral-inspired structures they say are capable of growing dense populations of microscopic algae. Writing in the journal Nature Communications, they report that in tests the structures grew a commercial strain of microalgae, Marinichlorella kaistiae, up to 100 times more densely than natural corals. The potential, they believe, is two-fold: creating compact and efficient bioreactors for producing algae-based biofuels; and developing techniques to repair and restore coral reefs. Full Story


Semi-soft "flexoskeleton" robots inspired by insects

New Atlas | April 9, 2020

Developed by scientists at the University of California San Diego, the technique is inspired by the exoskeletons of insects. Although we may think of those exoskeletons as being like unyielding suites of armor, they are in fact rigid in some places (for structural support) while being flexible in others (for resilience and mobility). The UC San Diego system likewise produces so-called "flexoskeletons," that combine rigidity and flexibility. This is achieved by 3D-printing a polymer layer onto a thin, flexible sheet of polycarbonate. Full Story


Bioprinted coral outdoes the real thing at growing algae

New Atlas | April 9, 2020

Corals serve as a host to algae, which in turn produces sugars that the corals consume. Now, though, scientists have created 3D-printed coral that's even more algae-friendly than its natural equivalent - it could help address the problem of coral bleaching, and provide a source of biofuel. The biocompatible synthetic coral was produced via a collaboration between researchers at Cambridge University and the University of California San Diego. They utilized a light-based rapid bioprinting technique, that can produce objects at micrometer-scale resolution within a matter of minutes. Full Story


Bionic, 3D-printed Corals Could Restore Reefs, Improve Bioenergy

Laboratory Equipment | April 9, 2020

Using rapid 3D bioprinting technology developed in the lab of Shaochen Chen at UC San Diego, a team of international researchers has created coral-inspired structures that are capable of growing dense populations of microscopic algae. The work could lead to more efficient bioreactors for biofuel, new bio-inspired materials and new techniques to repair and restore dying coral reefs. Chen's 3D-printing method was essential to the process, as normal 3D printers would take hours--not minutes--to print a structure this complex featuring living tissue. Full Story


With diving gear and plumbing supplies, California labs fashion Covid-19 masks and ventilators

STAT News | April 9, 2020

In early March, Stanford bioengineer Manu Prakash was attending a conference in southern France and becoming increasingly concerned about the coronavirus outbreak, which was then already sweeping through Europe. "I'd seen what was happening in Italy. Coming back to the U.S., it dawned on me that we were not ready," he said. Once home, Prakash developed Covid-19 symptoms severe enough that he spent a day in the emergency room. (He was not tested and has since recovered.) Out of caution, Prakash isolated himself away from his family for 20 days, taking up residence in a room Full Story


Could A Smart Ring Be An Early Warning System For The Coronavirus?

KPBS | April 8, 2020

As the coronavirus pandemic increasingly puts health care and other essential workers at risk of infection, UC San Diego researchers have joined a nationwide study looking into whether a wearable device could be an early warning system for people who are getting sick. When people go to the doctor they get their vital signs checked -- like temperature and pulse -- to help determine whether they are sick. But those signs only provide a snapshot of someone's health at a particular point in time. But what if someone's vital signs could be tracked and recorded 24/7? Full Story


High-Tech Rings Are Tracking COVID-19 'Warning Signs'

U.S. News & World Report | April 7, 2020

More than 12,000 people -- including thousands of health care workers in California and West Virginia -- are already wearing specially designed Oura rings that track their temperature, breathing, heart and activity. "Our first push is to get as many people involved as possible," said study leader Benjamin Smarr, a professor of data science and bioengineering at University of California, San Diego. "If enough people are involved, we can cover the whole country." But volunteers don't have to use a monitoring ring; they can also enter their symptoms on an online form. Full Story


High-Tech Rings Track COVID-19 'Warning Signs'

WebMD | April 7, 2020

Researchers are gathering data from thousands of Americans to create an "early warning system" that can identify people in the early stages of COVID-19. More than 12,000 people -- including thousands of health care workers in California and West Virginia -- are already wearing specially designed Oura rings that track their temperature, breathing, heart and activity. "Our first push is to get as many people involved as possible," said study leader Benjamin Smarr, a professor of data science and bioengineering at University of California, San Diego. "If enough people are involved, Full Story


The novel Coronavirus is mutating slower than seasonal flu virus, as per data

International Business Times | April 7, 2020

Viruses such as coronavirus usually affect humans by jumping from an animal to humans by mutating itself to match human cell process. Larger animals like us, humans take millions of years. The novel coronavirus is mutating slower than seasonal flu virus, points data. It is important to know how and which gene is mutating frequently so that it helps in designing drugs. Change on viruses is linked to the extent of outbreaks, changes in a location can tell us how many outbreaks is existing in a community, this helps in public health admins contain the outbreak. Full Story


High-Tech Rings Are Tracking COVID-19 'Warning Signs'

Healthy Day | April 7, 2020

Researchers are gathering data from thousands of Americans to create an "early warning system" that can identify people in the early stages of COVID-19. More than 12,000 people -- including thousands of health care workers in California and West Virginia -- are already wearing specially designed Oura rings that track their temperature, breathing, heart and activity. "Our first push is to get as many people involved as possible," said study leader Benjamin Smarr, a professor of data science and bioengineering at University of California, San Diego. Full Story


Here's how scientists are tracking the genetic evolution of COVID-19

Seattle PI | April 6, 2020

When you hear the term "evolutionary tree," you may think of Charles Darwin and the study of the relationships between different species over the span of millions of years. While the concept of an "evolutionary tree" originated in Darwin's "On the Origin of Species," one can apply this concept to anything that evolves, including viruses. Scientists can study the evolution of SARS-CoV-2 to learn more about how the genes of the virus function. It is also useful to make inferences about the spread of the virus around the world, and what type of vaccine may be most effective. Full Story


Here's how scientists are tracking the genetic evolution of COVID-19

SF Gate | April 6, 2020

When you hear the term "evolutionary tree," you may think of Charles Darwin and the study of the relationships between different species over the span of millions of years. While the concept of an "evolutionary tree" originated in Darwin's "On the Origin of Species," one can apply this concept to anything that evolves, including viruses. Scientists can study the evolution of SARS-CoV-2 to learn more about how the genes of the virus function. It is also useful to make inferences about the spread of the virus around the world, and what type of vaccine may be most effective. Full Story


Here's how scientists are tracking the genetic evolution of COVID-19

Houston Chronicle | April 6, 2020

(The Conversation is an independent and nonprofit source of news, analysis and commentary from academic experts.) Niema Moshiri, University of California San Diego Full Story


Scientists figured out how to fool state-of-the-art Deepfake detectors

TNW Neural | April 6, 2020

A team of researchers from UC San Diego recently came up with a relatively simple method for convincing fake video-detectors that AI-generated fakes are the real deal. AI-generated videos called "Deepfakes" started flooding the internet a few years back when bad actors realized they could be used to exploit women and, potentially, spread political misinformation. The first generation of these AI systems produced relatively easy-to-spot fakes but further development has lead to fakes that are harder than ever to detect. Full Story


How tech companies are fighting COVID-19 with AI, data and ingenuity

Tech Republic | April 6, 2020

As the coronavirus continues to spread around the globe, industries facing supply chain disruptions have been forced to adapt and improvise with surprising results; necessity is after all the mother of invention. A tech all-hands-on-deck moment has taken hold as companies large and small fight the coronavirus with swift innovation. Full Story


To Study a Problem That's Everywhere, They're Getting Creative

the New York Times | April 6, 2020

Three years ago, Dimitri Deheyn noticed intensely blue stringy shapes as he examined jellyfish samples through a microscope in his marine biology lab at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California, San Diego. He assumed his lens was dirty, so he wiped it off with a special cloth. Then he tried taking it apart and airbrushing the optics. But the particles kept showing up. At first, Dr. Deheyn thought the culprit might be microplastics, tiny plastic bits that have invaded the oceans in the past decade. Full Story


UC San Diego Engineers, Doctors Upgrading, Testing Ventilators To Fight COVID-19

KPBS | April 3, 2020

Engineers and doctors across the country are racing to build and fix ventilators as the number of people with COVID-19 climbs. That includes engineers from UC San Diego's Jacobs School of Engineering and doctors from UC San Diego Medical Center. The testing is happening at a simulation lab on the UC San Diego campus. The facility is closed to outsiders, due to COVID-19 social distancing measures. But inside, one will find a team of doctors and engineers, equipped with personal protective gear, attaching ventilators to robotic lungs. Full Story


UCSD researchers develop ventilator that can be made quickly, cheaply

10 News San Diego | April 2, 2020

A team of researchers at UCSD have developed a simple ventilator that can be produced quickly and cheaply if needed. The project was overseen by Professor James Friend, who works in the School of Engineering and School of Medicine. The device is essentially an bag valve mask that has been outfitted with an automatic pumping arm, created with pieces made by 3D printers and waterjet cutters. "Whatever the simplest, quickest fastest way to produce the safest parts is," said Friend. "we choose that." He said the team developed, produced, tested and refined a prototype in 10 days. Full Story


Ultra-Low-Power WiFi Radio Enables IoT Devices

Tech Briefs | April 1, 2020

Housed in a chip smaller than a grain of rice, a new ultra-low-power WiFi radio enables Internet of Things (IoT) devices to communicate with existing WiFi networks using 5,000 times less power than today's WiFi radios. It consumes just 28 microwatts of power and does so while transmitting data at a rate of 2 megabits per second (a connection fast enough to stream music and most YouTube videos) over a range of up to 21 meters. Phones, smart devices, and small cameras or various sensors can be connected to the chip, which directly sends data from these devices to a WiFi access point. Full Story


Covid-19 health-care crisis could drive new developments in robotics, editorial says

the Washington Post | March 28, 2020

The covid-19 pandemic is pushing human bodies--and human ingenuity--to their limits. As patients flood emergency departments and health-care workers struggle to respond, an international group of robotic experts is making a case for some electronic intervention. In an editorial in the journal Science Robotics, they argue that covid-19 could drive new developments in robotics--and that the devices could help with more effective diagnosis, screening and patient care. If the thought of robotic assistants sounds futuristic, it isn't:Robots already have been enlisted in the fight against the virus Full Story


Could Robots Be Deployed to Front Line in Fighting COVID-19

U.S. News & World Report | March 25, 2020

Robots can provide significant help in the fight against coronavirus, experts say. Uses include: patient care such as telemedicine and decontamination; logistics such as delivery and handling contaminated waste; monitoring compliance with voluntary quarantines, etc., according to a paper published March 25 in the journal Science Robotics. "Already, we have seen robots being deployed for disinfection, delivering medications and food, measuring vital signs, and assisting border controls," the authors wrote. Henrik Christensen, Director, Contextual Robotics Inst. at UCSD, is the lead author. Full Story


Could Robots Be Deployed to Front Line in Fighting COVID-19?

Healthy Day | March 25, 2020

Robots can provide significant help in the fight against coronavirus, experts say. Their uses include: patient care such as telemedicine and decontamination; logistics such as delivery and handling contaminated waste; monitoring compliance with voluntary quarantines, and helping people maintain social connections, according to a paper published March 25 in the journal Science Robotics. Henrik Christensen, director of the Contextual Robotics Institute at the University of California, San Diego, is the lead author. Full Story


Coronavirus Pandemic Could Prove 'Tipping Point' For Robots Looking After Humans, Scientists and Experts Say

Independent | March 25, 2020

The development of robots to save lives and reduce human exposure to the Covid-19 coronavirus outbreak could lead to a new era of robotic human helpers, researchers have said. Robotics professor Henrik Christensen from the University of California San Diego, was among a group of leading experts who outlined how robots could be used to combat the coronavirus pandemic by doing the "dull, dirty and dangerous" jobs. Full Story


Roboticists: We've missed the mark for pandemic busting robots ... yet again

ZD Net | March 25, 2020

We've missed the mark when it comes to funding robotics development to meet critical demands during the COVID-19 pandemic. That's the takeaway from an editorial in the journal Science Robotics today, which was signed by leading academic researchers in the field. According to the authors of the editorial, robots could easily be doing some of the "dull, dirty and dangerous" jobs associated with combating the COVID-19 pandemic, but funding and development has not been directed at the capabilities that would be most helpful. Full Story


The Covid-19 Pandemic Is a Crisis That Robots Were Built For

Wired | March 25, 2020

We humans weren't ready for the novel coronavirus--and neither were the machines. The pandemic has come at an awkward time, technologically speaking. Ever more sophisticated robots and AI are augmenting human workers, rather than replacing them entirely. While it would be nice if we could protect doctors and nurses by turning more tasks over to robots, medicine is particularly hard to automate. It's fundamentally human, requiring fine motor skills, compassion, and quick life-and-death decision-making we wouldn't want to leave to machines. But this pandemic is a unique opportunity Full Story


Clouded by myths: Dispersing some common misconceptions about solar panels

The Star | March 23, 2020

Here are answers to some of the most common misconceptions about solar panels. Solar panels need constant cleaning to work well. As the surface area of solar panels determines the amount of energy absorbed, it only makes sense to assume that it?s essential to keep the panels clean at all times. However, a team of engineers from the University of California, San Diego in the United States, reported that hiring help to clean small arrays - like those used by households - may not be cost effective. Full Story


UC San Diego Jacobs School of Engineering jumped to #9 in U.S. News and World Report Rankings of Best Engineering Schools

Jacobs School of Engineering News | March 20, 2020

The University of California San Diego Jacobs School of Engineering jumped to the #9 spot in the influential U.S. News and World Report Rankings of Best Engineering Schools. This is up from #11 last year and #17 four years ago. It's the first time the UC San Diego Jacobs School of Engineering has broken into the top 10 of this closely watched ranking. "This is not a time for a celebration because our priority right now is dealing with COVID-19. But I want to recognize the many people here at UC San Diego...," said Albert P. Pisano, Dean of the UC San Diego Jacobs School of Engineering. Full Story


These Ants Have a Revolutionary Escape Strategy

the New York Times Science | March 20, 2020

Ants are bristling with defense weaponry. Different species might sting their enemies, bite them with powerful jaws or shoot them with jets of formic acid. Some even explode. But Myrmecina graminicola -- an ant about the size of a sesame seed -- doesn't want to get into all that. According to research published last week in Scientific Reports, if one of these ants encounters danger while it's on a slope, it makes a practical choice: It tucks itself into a little ball and rolls away. Full Story


Four challenges to solid-state battery scale-up

PV Magazine | March 18, 2020

A paper by scientists at the University of California San Diego has outlined a technology roadmap for the development of solid-state batteries -- and four challenges to address for the technology to advance. Full Story


Modified battery separator acts as a "spillway" to prevent fires

New Atlas | March 12, 2020

Battery researchers place a lot of focus on making the devices safer, and scientists at the University of California San Diego (UCSD) are reporting a promising advance in this area. The team's newly developed safety feature acts as a "spillway" in lithium metal batteries to stem the flow of electrons that takes place during a failure, preventing a rapid buildup of heat and dangerous fires and explosions. Full Story


The best sleeping position if you snore or have lower back pain

C|Net | March 7, 2020

How you sleep is just as personal as what kind of mattress and pillow you prefer. People fall into three categories: sleeping on your side, back or stomach (or a combination of positions). But if you find yourself tossing and turning at night, disturbing your partner by snoring, or waking up more than you prefer, it may be time to take a second look at how you are sleeping. Some sleeping positions are better for helping ensure you have a good night's rest, especially if you suffer from complaints like snoring or other aches that can keep you up at night. Full Story


Op-Ed: Anti-thermal imaging camouflage - Major military game changer

Digital Journal | March 6, 2020

Thermal imaging is so common that it's effectively universal in the military environment. It's a particularly valuable asset, but now, someone's come up with a counter - A device that quickly changes temperature to match ambient heat. As countermeasures go, this is huge. Thermal imaging works on longer wave radiation, which is pretty powerful. Countering it isn't at all easy, in fact it's unprecedented. The prototype device can match ambient temperatures quickly. This process could be refined into an almost instant match, effectively making targets invisible to a wide range of sensors. Full Story


TuSimple Expands Autonomous Trucking Program With UPS

Transport Topics | March 5, 2020

Autonomous-driving technology company TuSimple is expanding its freight-hauling pilot program with UPS to 20 trips a week and adding another route. The San Diego-based company is already transporting parcels for the shipping giant between Phoenix and Tucson, Ariz. It will now run 10 trips between Phoenix and El Paso, Texas. TuSimple is using retrofitted trucks for the Level 4 autonomous driving program. The trucks can drive themselves, but regulations require that a safety driver be present in the cab to monitor operations and take control if needed. Full Story


Outsmart The Predator's Thermal Vision With Cutting Edge Infrared Camouflage

SyFy | March 5, 2020

Have you ever been up to no good one night, and suddenly got tracked down by a predator? Or, worse yet, the Predator? Or, more practically speaking, cops? Then you may have found yourself outmatched by said tracker's liberal use of thermal vision. But thanks to some obviously Predator-averse researchers' swank new wearable technology, your days of being thermally hunted could soon be over. A team of researchers from the University of San Diego's Jacobs School of Engineering recently figured out how to make wearable infrared camouflage that can hide away from night-vision goggles Full Story


This Thermal Camo Wearable Is the Predator's Worst Nightmare

Popular Mechanics | March 5, 2020

It's nearly impossible to mask yourself from thermal vision. It gives anyone on the pursuit a distinct visual edge, whether you're a modern police force tracking criminals or an alien predator hunting Arnold Schwarzenegger. Because in the end, we all radiate body heat. But researchers from the University of California-San Diego and the National University of Singapore have created a device that the Austrian Oak would've loved to have--wearable thermal camo. The device doesn't make you invisible, instead it changes its temperature to match the surrounding ambient temperature Full Story


This Thermal Camo Wearable Is the Predator's Worst Nightmare

Yahoo! News | March 5, 2020

It's nearly impossible to mask yourself from thermal vision. It gives anyone on the pursuit a distinct visual edge, whether you're a modern police force tracking criminals or an alien predator hunting Arnold Schwarzenegger. Because in the end, we all radiate body heat. But researchers from the University of California-San Diego and the National University of Singapore have created a device that the Austrian Oak would've loved to have--wearable thermal camo. Full Story


Wearing This New Infrared Camouflage Will Keep You Hidden From a Predator's Thermal Vision

Gizmodo | March 4, 2020

You can cover yourself from head to toe in fatigues or dark clothing, but it's nearly impossible to hide from a thermal camera that can see the invisible infrared radiation your body emits. Or is it? Researchers from the University of San Diego have created a new kind of thermal camouflage that can make the wearer nearly invisible to infrared cameras by matching and quickly adjusting to the surrounding ambient temperature. Full Story


Heat-camo material can be adjusted to match ambient temperature

New Atlas | March 4, 2020

While we've already seen materials that allow people or objects to hide from heat-detecting cameras, they're typically only effective at one ambient temperature. An experimental new material, however, can be user-adjusted to work over a wide range. Heat-detecting sensors, such as those found in night-vision goggles, actually work by noting the temperature difference between the surface of an object and its surroundings. Therefore, if the two temperatures are the same, then the object remains undetected. Full Story


Soldiers could be invisible to night vision goggles with wearable technology that changes temperature

Daily Mail | March 4, 2020

Soldiers could soon go undetected by night vision goggles while on the battlefield. Scientists have developed a wearable device that quickly cools down or heats up to match ambient temperatures, camouflaging the wearer's body heat. Designed as a wireless device, the technology can be embedded in fabric and is capable of going from 50 to 100.5 degrees Fahrenheit in less than a minute. Researchers aim to create a jacket using the material that would make the wearer invisible to heat-detecting sensors. Full Story


A New Device Allows Anyone to Become Literally Invisible At Night

Inverse | March 4, 2020

If you happen to be a secret agent and want to make sure you can sneak around at night without being detected, or if you're just deeply concerned about your personal privacy, some new camouflage research might be of interest to you. Researchers at the University of California, San Diego have created a wearable device that can hide someone from heat-detecting sensors such as the kind you find in night vision goggles. The research was published in the journal Advanced Functional Materials on January 29, and a new video shows it effectively preventing someone wearing the device from being detect Full Story


Mozilla voorziet Firefox van nieuwe sandboxtechnologie

Security.nl | February 26, 2020

Om gebruikers tegen aanvallen te beschermen heeft Mozilla een nieuwe sandboxtechnologie aan Firefox toegevoegd. Een sandbox moet voorkomen dat een beveiligingslek in de browser meteen tot een volledige compromittering van het onderliggende systeem kan leiden. Op dit moment verdeelt Firefox al code in verschillende gesandboxte processen met verminderde rechten en wordt de browsercode in een veiligere taal zoals Rust herschreven. "Rust is een lichtgewicht programmeertaal, maar het herschrijven van miljoenen regels van bestaande C++ code is een arbeidsintensief proces", zegt Mozillas Nathan Froyd Full Story


RLBox für Linux und Mac: WebAssembly soll Firefox schützen

heise online | February 26, 2020

Mozilla verfolgt zum Schutz seines Browsers gegen schädliche Inhalte bisher zwei Strategien: den Browser in mehrere Prozesse aufteilen, die reduzierte Systemberechtigungen haben, und kritische Bestandteile in der hoch performanten und gleichzeitig speichersicheren Sprache Rust neu schreiben. Beide Strategien sind aber nicht geeignet, alle Komponenten in Firefox und insbesondere die Drittbibliotheken zu isolieren. Als Beispiel nennt Mozilla die Font-Rendering Bibliothek Graphite, die zu klein ist, um als eigener Prozess zu laufen und als externe Abhängigkeit auch nicht für einen Full Story


Firefox Browser On Linux And Mac Gets New Security Technology

Fossbytes | February 26, 2020

RLBox is the new sandboxing technology that adapts WebAssembly security mechanism to put browser components into secure sandboxes so that attackers cannot access or exploit the user's system through infected third-party libraries. This method is developed by researchers at the University of California, San Diego, the University of Texas, Austin, and Stanford University in collaboration with members of the Mozilla Firefox team. Full Story


Getting closer to no-battery devices

Network World | February 26, 2020

IoT sensors that don't require power sources could be coming soon. Researchers from University of California, San Diego, claim they've figured out how to optimize lab-based modules to such an extent that a Wi-Fi radio, used in IoT for communications with a network, could soon be using 5,000-times less energy and yet still feature enough bandwidth to send video. Full Story


Securing Firefox with WebAssembly

Mozilla Hacks | February 25, 2020

Protecting the security and privacy of individuals is a central tenet of Mozilla's mission, and so we constantly endeavor to make our users safer online. With a complex and highly-optimized system like Firefox, memory safety is one of the biggest security challenges. Firefox is mostly written in C and C++. These languages are notoriously difficult to use safely, since any mistake can lead to complete compromise of the program. We work hard to find and eliminate memory hazards, but we're also evolving the Firefox codebase to address these attack vectors at a deeper level. Full Story


Researchers develop framework that improves Firefox security

Tech Xplore | February 25, 2020

Researchers from the University of California San Diego, University of Texas at Austin, Stanford University and Mozilla have developed a new framework to improve web browser security. The framework, called RLBox, has been integrated into Firefox to complement Firefox's other security-hardening efforts. RLBox increases browser security by separating third-party libraries that are vulnerable to attacks from the rest of the browser to contain potential damage--a practice called sandboxing. The study will be published in the proceedings of the USENIX Security Symposium. Full Story


Firefox for Mac and Linux to get a new security sandbox system

ZD Net | February 25, 2020

Mozilla will add a new security sandbox system to Firefox on Linux and Firefox on Mac. The new technology, named RLBox, works by separating third-party libraries from an app's native code. This process is called "sandboxing," and is a widely used technique that can prevent malicious code from escaping from within an app and executing at the OS level. RLBox is an innovative project because it takes sandboxing to the next level. Instead of isolating the app from the underlying operating system, RLBox separates an app's internal components -- from the app's core engine. Full Story


Flashing blue lights switch on cancer-fighting cells

BBC Focus Magazine | February 23, 2020

Scientists have engineered immune cells that switch on when exposed to blue light and have used them to destroy skin tumours in mice. Developed by bioengineers at the University of California, San Diego, the light control system is a promising new breakthrough in a cancer treatment known as chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy. This therapy involves modifying a patient's own T cells -- a type of white blood cell that play a key role in the immune system -- to treat their cancer. Full Story


Newly invented ultrasound device brings lithium metal batteries closer to viability

Slash Gear | February 20, 2020

Researchers from the University California San Diego have developed a new ultrasound-emitting device that they say brings lithium metal batteries, known as LMBs, one step closer to commercial viability. The team says that while their research focused on using the ultrasound device with an LMB, it could be used in any battery regardless of the chemistry. The scientists say that the device is an integral part of the battery and works by emitting ultrasound waves to create a circulating current in the electrolyte liquid between the battery's anode and cathode. Full Story


ultrasound device improves charging time and lifespan of lithium batteries

Spiegel Science | February 20, 2020

Lithium batteries can store at least twice as much electricity as conventional batteries, but their durability is short. Researchers have now improved the technology with the help of a tiny component. Full Story


Ultrasound device improves charge and run time in lithium metal batteries

Advanced Science News | February 19, 2020

Lithium metal batteries are considered a long sought-after energy powerhouse with the potential to deliver at least double the amount of energy compared to current lithium ion batteries. Their application, however, has been limited to the laboratory as a result of their instability and inability to recharge. Research over the last 50 years has seen modest improvements, but none have been able to bring this technology close to the capabilities of lithium ion batteries. As opposed to lithium ion batteries which use graphite in their anodes, lithium metal batteries use metallic lithium Full Story


Low power, tiny chip could see connected smart devices go battery-free

New Atlas | February 19, 2020

Everything needs to be online nowadays, from vending machines to smart speakers, but that connectivity costs in terms of bulk and energy use. Now researchers have come up with a chip that gets devices connected with 5,000 times less power draw than normal. For manufacturers developing small, low-powered Internet of Things devices, that's a significant step forward. It means that hardware can be made smaller, and use less energy, while still pinging the web for updates and information. Full Story


10 robotics startups to watch in 2020

The Robot Report | February 19, 2020

Running a robotics startup is no easy task. Yet, we are always amazed by the number of robotics startups working on innovative technologies. Here, in alphabetical order, are 10 robotics startups The Robot Report will be watching in 2020. The companies are working on a variety of products, including autonomous vehicles, mobile robots for construction, toy robots, and software to give robots common sense and make them easier to use. It's hard to narrow this list down to just 10 robotics startups, so please share in the comments some robotics startups you will be watching in 2020. Full Story


Sound Waves Could Make Batteries Better, San Diego Scientists Say

KPBS | February 18, 2020

A new, thin chip being developed in San Diego could make batteries more useful. UC San Diego doctoral student An Huang works inside one of the school's many labs. She recently had her arms inside long rubber gloves that give her access to a big box filled with argon gas.Huang builds batteries here because the thin lithium panels that get stacked inside a battery cannot be exposed to oxygen-rich air. "It will be changed properties within just like five seconds, so that's why we need to work in this inert gas," Huang said. The batteries contain thin sheets of lithium in a soup of electrolytes. Full Story


Longer-lasting, fast-charging batteries made possible using ultrasound device

The Irish News | February 18, 2020

Batteries could charge faster and last longer thanks to a new device made using pieces from a smartphone. The tiny technology emits ultrasound that helps the flow of current in lithium metal batteries, though scientists behind the project say it could be developed for any type of battery. Current limitations of lithium metal batteries have so far made them an impracticable choice for things such as electric cars - which typically use lithium-ion batteries. Lithium metal batteries are traditionally used to power electronics such as watches and cameras Full Story


Longer-lasting, fast-charging batteries made possible using ultrasound device

Yahoo! News UK | February 18, 2020

Batteries could charge faster and last longer thanks to a new device made using pieces from a smartphone. The tiny technology emits ultrasound that helps the flow of current in lithium metal batteries, though scientists behind the project say it could be developed for any type of battery. Current limitations of lithium metal batteries have so far made them an impracticable choice for things such as electric cars - which typically use lithium-ion batteries. Lithium metal batteries are traditionally used to power electronics such as watches and cameras Full Story


Ultrasound device boosts charge, run times in lithium metal batteries

United Press International | February 18, 2020

Lithium metal batteries could soon be ready for commercialization thanks to the development of a new ultrasound device. The technology, developed by engineers at the University of California San Diego, improves the charge and run times of the batteries. Lithium metal batteries, LMBs, boast twice the capacity of today's best lithium ion batteries, but their short lifespans have prevented the technology's widespread commercial adoption. LMBs are prone to the formation of dendrites, lithium metal growths that diminish performance. Scientists found that by exposing an LMB to sound waves Full Story


How Do Woodpeckers Avoid Brain Injury?

Gizmodo | February 4, 2020

Slamming a beak against the trunk of a tree would seem like an activity that would cause headaches, jaw aches and serious neck and brain injuries. Yet woodpeckers can do this 20 times per second and suffer no ill effects. Woodpeckers are found in forested areas worldwide, except in Australia. These birds have the unusual ability to use their beaks to hammer into the trunks of trees to make holes to extract insects and sap. Even more impressive they do this without hurting themselves. We are materials scientists who study biological substances like bones, skins, feathers and shells found Full Story


UCSD Device May Pinpoint Most Aggressive Cancer Cells via 'Sticky' Factor

Times of San Diego | February 3, 2020

A team of researchers led by UC San Diego created a device to measure how "sticky" cancer cells are, a development that may help pinpoint more aggressive cells, according to a study released Monday. Researchers found that weakly adhered cells were more likely to migrate to other tissues and metastasize more frequently than strongly adherent cells from the same tumor. These less sticky cells also match up genetically with cells more likely to cause recurring tumors within five years. This research could improve prognostic evaluation of patient tumors. Full Story


How do woodpeckers avoid brain injury?

SF Gate | January 31, 2020

Slamming a beak against the trunk of a tree would seem like an activity that would cause headaches, jaw aches and serious neck and brain injuries. Yet woodpeckers can do this 20 times per second and suffer no ill effects. Woodpeckers are found in forested areas worldwide, except in Australia. These birds have the unusual ability to use their beaks to hammer into the trunks of trees to make holes to extract insects and sap. Even more impressive they do this without hurting themselves. We are materials scientists who study biological substances like bones, skins, feathers and shells found Full Story


How do woodpeckers avoid brain injury?

Houston Chronicle | January 31, 2020

Slamming a beak against the trunk of a tree would seem like an activity that would cause headaches, jaw aches and serious neck and brain injuries. Yet woodpeckers can do this 20 times per second and suffer no ill effects. Woodpeckers are found in forested areas worldwide, except in Australia. These birds have the unusual ability to use their beaks to hammer into the trunks of trees to make holes to extract insects and sap. Even more impressive they do this without hurting themselves. We are materials scientists who study biological substances like bones, skins, feathers and shells found Full Story


How do woodpeckers avoid brain injury?

Yahoo! news | January 31, 2020

Slamming a beak against the trunk of a tree would seem like an activity that would cause headaches, jaw aches and serious neck and brain injuries. Yet woodpeckers can do this 20 times per second and suffer no ill effects. Woodpeckers are found in forested areas worldwide, except in Australia. These birds have the unusual ability to use their beaks to hammer into the trunks of trees to make holes to extract insects and sap. Even more impressive they do this without hurting themselves. We are materials scientists who study biological substances like bones, skins, feathers and shells found Full Story


How do woodpeckers avoid brain injury?

The Conversation | January 31, 2020

Slamming a beak against the trunk of a tree would seem like an activity that would cause headaches, jaw aches and serious neck and brain injuries. Yet woodpeckers can do this 20 times per second and suffer no ill effects. Woodpeckers are found in forested areas worldwide, except in Australia. These birds have the unusual ability to use their beaks to hammer into the trunks of trees to make holes to extract insects and sap. Even more impressive they do this without hurting themselves. We are materials scientists who study biological substances like bones, skins, feathers and shells found Full Story


A Bionic Jellyfish Swims With Manic Speed (for a Jellyfish)

Wired | January 29, 2020

No disrespect, but roboticists have got nothing on the animal kingdom. Birds cut through the air with ease, while our drones plummet out of the sky. Humans balance elegantly on two legs, while humanoid robots fall on their faces. It takes roboticists a whole lot of work to even begin to approach the wonders of evolution. But maybe if you can?t beat ?em, hack ?em. Writing today in the journal Science Advances, researchers from Caltech and Stanford describe how they?ve equipped jellyfish with microchips and electrodes to turbocharge their swimming pace, Full Story


New app detects Bluetooth-enabled card skimmers at gas pumps

KUTV | January 27, 2020

Hesitancy in paying for gas at the pumps is legitimate with card skimmers infiltrating ATMs and fueling stations nationwide. To thwart the thefts, a team of computer scientists at the University of California San Diego and the University of Illinois has developed an app that allows state and federal inspectors to detect devices that criminals install in gas pumps to steal consumer credit and debit card data. The new app, called Bluetana, detects the Bluetooth signature of the skimmers and allows inspectors to find the devices without needing to open up the gas pumps. Full Story


5 Amazing Pieces of Tech That Use the Human Body as a Power Source

Interesting Engineering | January 19, 2020

Researchers at the Jacobs School of Engineering, The University of California, San Diego are working on a way of using human sweat to generate electricity. They have created a small temporary tattoo that incorporates enzymes that produce an electrical current from human sweat. These enzymes strip electrons (oxidize) from lactate in sweat to produce small amounts of electricity whenever the wearer sweats (like during exercise). They produce enough electricity to power small electronics like LEDs and even Bluetooth radios. Full Story


China Is Winning the Race for Young Entrepreneurs

The Foreign Policy Group | January 14, 2020

When Leo Wen wrote his first ever business plan in the spring of 2017, he believed that his social media app, called Pokke, would soon be profitable. Having recently graduated from Hofstra University a year earlier with a master's degree in accounting, the then 26-year-old Wen had experienced firsthand the isolation that Chinese international students studying in the United States can face. He hoped Pokke, a map-based app that allowed users to post their activities and share relevant information based on their locations, could better connect them. Full Story


Collaboration a Priority In $185 Million UCSD Project

San Diego Business Journal | January 12, 2020

A $185 million project at the University of California San Diego is transforming a former parking lot into an engineering center designed to bring students and professors together with industry experts... Full Story


5G tech professor busts network myths with Jeff Goldblum

Campaign | January 8, 2020

Sujit Dey, a professor in the department of electrical computer engineering at the University of California San Diego, spoke about the impact of 5G in a personalized world alongside actor Jeff Goldblum and Catherine Sullivan, chief investment officer at Omnicom Media Group, on Wednesday at the Bellagio in Las Vegas for CES. Full Story


7 Innovative Startups to Watch in 2020

Inc. | January 6, 2020

Seattle-based Shape Therapeutics is developing technology that would modify human RNA to correct mutations or eliminate diseases. Founded in 2018, Shape is based on the groundbreaking work of UC San Diego bioengineering professor Prashant Mali. Full Story


Expect faster cell phones, better weather forecasts and cashier-less stores in 2020

The San Diego Union Tribune | December 29, 2019

Better weather forecasts. Faster cellular service. Quicker wildfire detection. Easier ways to buy MTS passes. And speedy, cashier-free convenience stores. They're all coming in 2020, brought along by advances in science and technology, including many innovations that were made or shaped in San Diego, a mecca for research. The focal point is UC San Diego, which recently began using self-driving carts to deliver mail. It's also improving weather forecasting. And early next year, the school will open a retail store that doesn't need or use cashiers. Full Story


'Father of biomechanics' has passed away at 100

Taipei Times | December 28, 2019

Chinese-born American bioengineer Fung Yuan-cheng (馮元楨), considered the "father of modern biomechanics," died on Dec. 15 at 100 years old, an obituary released on Friday last week by the University of California, San Diego said. Born in 1919, Fung, who was also called Bert, obtained his bachelor's and master's degrees at National Central University (then located in China and later reinstated in Taiwan), before earning a doctorate in aeronautics in 1948 from the California Institute of Technology, where he was an assistant professor and researcher for 20 years. Full Story


Father of biomechanics Fung Yuan-Cheng dies at 100

Focus Taiwan CNA English News | December 27, 2019

Taipei, Dec. 27 (CNA) Fung Yuan-Cheng (馮元楨), a bioengineer widely considered the "father of biomechanics," died Dec. 15 at 100 years old, according to an obituary released by the University of California, San Diego Dec. 20. Born in 1919, Fung obtained his bachelor's and master's degree in aeronautics at National Central University in China. He went on to receive his Ph.D. in the same field at the California Institute of Technology, and served as an assistant professor and researcher at the school for 20 years. Full Story


Superstrong Fibers Could Be Hairy Situation

Scientific American | December 24, 2019

Human hair tested stronger than thicker fibers from elephants, boars and giraffes, providing clues to materials scientists hoping to make superstrong synthetic fibers. Full Story


Y.C. Fung, Chinese Immigrant, Pioneered Bioengineering Research

The Wall Street Journal | December 24, 2019

Y.C. Fung might have spent his entire career as an aeronautical engineer if his mother hadn't suffered from glaucoma. Born in China, Mr. Fung had established himself as a professor at the California Institute of Technology and consultant on aircraft design. His mother's eye disease in the late 1950s prompted him to study the medical literature on glaucoma so he could send treatment advice to her doctors in China. Dr. Fung found that medicine wasn't simply a matter of chemistry. It also involved engineering to understand... Full Story


The long road to autonomous vehicles

Stock Daily Dish | December 18, 2019

Back in 1995, the NavLab 5 team at Carnegie Mellon University launched an autonomous vehicle on a trip from Pittsburgh to San Diego. The vehicle navigated itself, without intervention from a human driver, for 98 percent of the 2,800 mile journey. It averaged speeds above 60 mph. So if self-driving technology worked on a cross-country trip 22 years ago, why aren't roads filled with autonomous cars today? The reason is the technology remains closer to the research lab stage and is not ready for prime time, say experts. It's not good enough or affordable enough yet for widespread use. Full Story


Study Finds TuSimple Trucks At Least 10% More Fuel Efficient Than Traditional Trucks

Yahoo! Finance | December 18, 2019

Autonomous trucking companies have long argued that self-driving technology will not only make trucking safer and more cost efficient but that it will also help reduce the amount of pollution commercial vehicles emit. Now a University of California San Diego study has substantiated some of those claims, with findings showing that autonomous trucks operated by self-driving startup TuSimple reduce fuel consumption of heavy-duty trucks by at least 10% and up to 20%. "We were surprised by the data," Henrik Christensen, director of the UC San Diego Contextual Robotics Institute Full Story


UC San Diego's Y.C. Fung, the lifesaving 'father of biomechanics', dies at 100

The San Diego Union Tribune | December 18, 2019

UC San Diego researcher Y.C. "Bert" Fung, who blended biology, medicine and engineering into a field that has given rise to everything from heart valves to wireless health monitors to automobile crash bags, died on Dec. 15, the university said. He was 100. Fung, the so-called "father of biomechanics", passed away of natural causes at UCSD's Jacobs Medical Center, his family said. Full Story


Pioneering UC San Diego engineer Joanna McKittrick dies at 65

The San Diego Union Tribune | December 16, 2019

Joanna McKittrick, a UC San Diego engineer who studied the design and utility of everything from spiders to porcupines to sea horses to figure out better ways to improve products used by humans, died on Nov. 15, according to university officials. She was 65. McKittrick died at her home in La Jolla of undisclosed health problems, the university said. She had been a member of the UCSD faculty for more than 30 years, during which time she earned international acclaim as a materials scientist who specialized in biomimicry, a field that looks to nature for design clues. Full Story


UC San Diego Rolls Out Self-Driving Mail Delivery Cars

7 San Diego NBC | December 13, 2019

These days, getting your snail mail at the University of California San Diego is pretty high-tech. For months, UC San Diego has been using self-driving cars to deliver mail on campus. Here's how it works: each morning, the car -- which has seating for four -- is loaded up with mail. The car's computer is programmed with the information that tells it where to go. Then - as a safety precaution - a driver hops on board, just in case anything goes wrong. Full Story


3 UCSD Research Professors Help School Top $1 Billion in Pentagon Grants

TIMES of San Diego | December 10, 2019

UC San Diego has won just over $1 billion in Department of Defense grants since 2009, with its three latest recipients accounting for nearly $23 million. The Pentagon recently announced grants of nearly $49 million under the Defense University Research Instrumentation Program. They'll go to 172 university researchers at 91 institutions across 40 states in fiscal year 2020. Three UCSD professors are on the list: Jorge Cortés, Kenneth "Ken" Loh, and Yu-Hwa Lo... Full Story


Chemistry that delighted us in 2019

C&EN | December 10, 2019

The secrets of the dragonfish's transparent teeth were revealed this year by a team led by Marc A. Meyers of the University of California San Diego. A species of dragonfish, Aristostomias scintillans, lives around 500 m below the surface of the ocean and uses bioluminescence to lure its prey toward its spiky teeth. Unlucky prey don't see the danger until it is too late because dragonfish teeth are transparent, thanks to nanoscale structures that don't reflect or scatter light underwater. Full Story


Hand-Tracking Tech Watches Riders in Self-Driving Cars to See If They're Ready to Take the Wheel

IEEE Spectrum | December 5, 2019

Researchers have developed a new technique for tracking the hand movements of a non-attentive driver, to calculate how long it would take the driver to assume control of a self-driving car in an emergency. If manufacturers can overcome the final legal hurdles, cars with Level 3 autonomous vehicle technology will one day be chauffeuring people from A to B. These cars allow a driver to have his or her eyes off the road and the freedom to do minor tasks. However, these cars need a way of knowing how quickly--or slowly--a driver can respond when taking control during an emergency. Full Story


Hand-Tracking Tech Watches Riders in Self-Driving Cars to See If They're Ready to Take the Wheel

IEEE Spectrum | December 5, 2019

Researchers have developed a new technique for tracking the hand movements of a non-attentive driver, to calculate how long it would take the driver to assume control of a self-driving car in an emergency. If manufacturers can overcome the final legal hurdles, cars with Level 3 autonomous vehicle technology will one day be chauffeuring people from A to B. These cars allow a driver to have his or her eyes off the road and the freedom to do minor tasks (such as texting or watching a movie). However, these cars need a way of knowing how quickly--or slowly-- Full Story


This San Diego startup is designing cashier-less stores - and just raised $30M

The San Diego Union Tribune | December 4, 2019

A technology startup in San Diego has just raised $30 million from investors to continue building out its software for cashier-less, "grab-and-go" stores. The model, popularized by Amazon Go, allows shoppers to simply walk into a store, grab items from the shelves, and walk out -- with the receipt sent directly to their mobile device. The local startup, Accel Robotics, is developing computer vision software -- along with cameras, sensors and store equipment -- to make this concept work. In fact, the startup can build out an entire modular store for its customers Full Story


UC San Diego using driver-less vehicles to deliver mail in step toward ferrying people

The San Diego Union Tribune | December 3, 2019

UC San Diego has begun using driverless vehicles to deliver the mail to two of its six residential colleges, an experiment that's expected to lead to ferrying large numbers of people around the huge, crowded campus. The two carts carry safety drivers who can intervene if problems arise, and usually a graduate student to monitor the vehicle's assortment of sensors. But the vehicles -- like those being tested at other universities -- are mostly run by customized computer programs. The experimental project began in September and has been ramping up as the university's Contextual Robotics Insti Full Story


New crypto-cracking record reached, with less help than usual from Moore's Law

ars TECHNICA | December 3, 2019

Researchers have reached a new milestone in the annals of cryptography with the factoring of the largest RSA key size ever computed and a matching computation of the largest-ever integer discrete logarithm. New records of this type occur regularly as the performance of computer hardware increases over time. The records announced on Monday evening are more significant because they were achieved considerably faster than hardware improvements alone would predict, thanks to enhancements in software used and the algorithms it implemented. Full Story


A picture is worth a thousand base pairs

Nature | December 2, 2019

Genome browsers are graphical tools that display the genome sequence, usually as a horizontal line. Other sequence-associated data are aligned and stacked above and below that line in 'tracks', for instance to illustrate the relationship between gene expression, DNA modification and protein-binding sites. Today, a growing collection of free and open-source tools exists for sharing such genomic data. One example is GIVE, an open-source tool developed by UC San Diego engineers that allows researchers to build custom genome browsers for their labs with little if any programming. Full Story


Scientists Race to Document Puerto Rico's Costal Heritage

The New York Times | December 2, 2019

A group of U.S.-based scientists is rushing to document indigenous sites along Puerto Rico's coast dating back a couple of thousand years before rising sea levels linked to climate change destroy a large chunk of the island?s heritage that is still being discovered. Scientists hope to use the 3D images they've taken so far to also help identify which historic sites are most vulnerable to hurricanes, erosion and other dangers before it's too late to save the island?s patrimony. "It's literally being washed away," said Falko Kuester Full Story


Scientists Race to Document Puerto Rico's Costal Heritage

Voice of America | December 2, 2019

A group of U.S.-based scientists is rushing to document indigenous sites along Puerto Rico's coast dating back a couple of thousand years before rising sea levels linked to climate change destroy a large chunk of the island's heritage that is still being discovered. Scientists hope to use the 3D images they've taken so far to also help identify which historic sites are most vulnerable to hurricanes, erosion and other dangers before it's too late to save the island's patrimony. "It's literally being washed away," said Falko Kuester, Full Story


Scientists race to document Puerto Rico's coastal heritage

Associated Press | December 1, 2019

A group of U.S.-based scientists is rushing to document indigenous sites along Puerto Rico's coast dating back a couple of thousand years before rising sea levels linked to climate change destroy a large chunk of the island's heritage that is still being discovered. Scientists hope to use the 3D images they've taken so far to also help identify which historic sites are most vulnerable to hurricanes, erosion and other dangers before it's too late to save the island?s patrimony. "It's literally being washed away," said Falko Kuester Full Story


Indoor chemical pollution impacts often remain invisible

Science | November 29, 2019

Furniture, construction materials, humans and their habits are just some sources of the particles and gases that surround people living indoors. As scientists collect increasingly sophisticated data on the chemistry of the indoor environment, policy-makers and industry leaders are seeking more information on how to apply these findings to buildings and homes, experts said at an American Association for the Advancement of Science symposium. It may be time for a "national chemistry of the indoor environment initiative," said Vicki Grassian, a UC San Diego professor of physical chemistry. Full Story


New Technique Welds Ceramics with Lasers

Scientific American | November 29, 2019

Ceramics are hard and durable; they resist scratches better than glass and stand up to high heat better than most metals. They could protect electronic devices from challenging conditions found in space or in the human body--but their very toughness makes them hard to manipulate. Joining two ceramic slabs with an airtight seal requires heating them to about 2,000 degrees Celsius, which would typically destroy embedded electronics. Now, however, researchers have developed a welding technique that spot heats the ceramics with lasers, as described in August in Science. Full Story


Flexoskeleton printing: Fabricating flexible exoskeletons for insect-inspired robots

Tech Xplore | November 29, 2019

Insects typically have a variety of complex exoskeleton structures, which support them in their movements and everyday activities. Fabricating artificial exoskeletons for insect-inspired robots that match the complexity of these naturally-occurring structures is a key challenge in the field of robotics. Although researchers have proposed several fabrication processes and techniques to produce exoskeletons for insect-inspired robots, many of these methods are extremely complex or rely on expensive equipment and materials. This makes them unfeasible and difficult to apply on a wider scale. Full Story


Flexoskeleton printing: Fabricating flexible exoskeletons for insect-inspired robotss

Tech Xplore | November 29, 2019

Insects typically have a variety of complex exoskeleton structures, which support them in their movements and everyday activities. Fabricating artificial exoskeletons for insect-inspired robots that match the complexity of these naturally-occurring structures is a key challenge in the field of robotics. Although researchers have proposed several fabrication processes and techniques to produce exoskeletons for insect-inspired robots, many of these methods are extremely complex or rely on expensive equipment and materials. This makes them unfeasible and difficult to apply on a wider scale. Full Story


Podcast: Science Storytellers is an outreach program that turns kids into science journalists--without the pesky deadlines

C&EN | November 26, 2019

For its latest episode, Stereo Chemistry handed its recorders over to kid journalists interviewing grown-up chemists about cutting-edge research. Listen in as the children get answers to questions about DNA, environmental clean-up, and C-H activation. The kids' reporting was part of an outreach program called Science Storytellers that took place during the American Chemical Society National Meeting in San Diego in August. Science Storytellers empowers kids to ask questions as they interact, one-on-one, with real scientists, such as UC San Diego nanoengineers Chava Angell and Fernando Soto. Full Story


UCSD told not to forget the needs of undergraduates as it builds mammoth research center

The San Diego Union Tribune | November 25, 2019

UCSD is about to break ground on its next mammoth complex, and the building's namesake has taken the unusual step of publicly reminding the school not to neglect the interests of undergraduates as it puts together the $180 million research center. "As UCSD has grown, I worry about the undergraduate experience," said Franklin Antonio, co-founder of the San Diego-based chipmaker Qualcomm. "I see this sea of undergraduates and I can't imagine that they all get the faculty access that I wish they would have." Full Story


Cancer's ring-shaped DNA lets tumors evolve too fast for treatments to keep up - turning the disease chemo-resistant, scientists say

Daily Mail UK | November 20, 2019

'Doughnut-shaped' rings of cancer DNA make tumors more aggressive and resistant to treatment, scientists believe. Circles of extrachromosomal DNA (ecDNA) are found abundantly in human tumor cells, according to researchers from the University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego). The shape is different to normal human DNA, which forms twisting double helixes of genetic material, similar in appearance to ladders. As a result of its circular shape, cancer DNA is more 'open' and can respond and morph to evade the treatments that doctors attempt to use to kill the cells, Full Story


'Doughnut-shaped' rings of cancer DNA make tumours more aggressive - study

Yahoo! News | November 20, 2019

"Doughnut-shaped" rings of cancer DNA make tumours more aggressive and resistant to treatment, scientists believe. Circles of extrachromosomal DNA (ecDNA) are found abundantly in human tumour cells, according to researchers from the United States. The shape is different to normal human DNA, which forms twisting double helixes of genetic material, similar in appearance to ladders. These are packed into cell nuclei by being tightly wrapped around clusters of protein complexes. Full Story


'Doughnut-Shaped' DNA Makes Cancer More Aggressive

Live Science | November 20, 2019

Cancer cells may owe some of their destructive nature to unique, "doughnut-shaped" DNA, according to a new study. The study, published today (Nov. 20) in the journal Nature, found that, in some cancer cells, DNA doesn't pack into thread-like structures like it does in healthy cells -- rather, the genetic material folds into a ring-like shape that makes the cancer more aggressive. "DNA conveys information not only in its sequence but also in its shape," said co-senior author Paul Mischel, a professor of pathology at the University of California at San Diego. Full Story


Scientists Are Just Beginning to Understand Mysterious DNA Circles Common in Cancer Cells

New York Times | November 20, 2019

There's no image in biology more iconic than our chromosomes - all 23 pairs of DNA bundles arrayed in a genetic lineup. But in a surprising number of cases, this picture leaves out something very important. In some cells, extra circles of DNA float alongside the regular chromosomes. Scientists first noticed this so-called extrachromosomal DNA five decades ago. But for years they weren't exactly sure what to make of it. New research is now focusing on those mysterious loops. They are surprisingly common in cancer cells and play a bigger role in many types of cancers Full Story


IoT sensors must have two radios for efficiency

Network World | November 20, 2019

To extend battery life, IoT radios that send data should be powered only when there's data to send, and a second, power-sipper radio should just listen for a wake-up signal for the principal radio. Academics say they're making progress getting that all to work. Full Story


Expert Discusses Key Challenges for the Next Generation of Wearables

IEEE Spectrum | November 15, 2019

During a talk about biochemistry wearables at ApplySci's 12th Wearable Tech + Digital Health + Neurotech event at Harvard on 14 November, UC San Diego nanoengineering professor Joseph Wang outlined some of the key challenges to making such wearables that monitor biochemistry as ubiquitous and unobtrusive as the Apple Watch. Wang identified three engineering problems that must be tackled: flexibility, power, and treatment delivery. He also discussed potential solutions that his research team has identified for each of these problems. Full Story


Video Friday: Invasion of the Mini Cheetah Robots

IEEE Spectrum | November 15, 2019

Video Friday is your weekly selection of awesome robotics videos, collected by your Automaton bloggers. Full Story


Sea Urchin: A Great Inspiration for Engineers

Asgardian, The Space Nation | November 7, 2019

We've seen a variety of bio-inspired robots: there is the RoboBee inspired by insects, the Tunabot that mimics fish, the robot inspired by a flying squid, and many more. Still, we bet you've never seen a robot based on the body plan of the sea urchin! However, the animal has inspired engineers before. Sea urchins, close relatives of sea stars and sea cucumbers, are actually pretty amazing marine animals. They seem great, before you accidentally step on one. This week, the team presented a machine that 'incorporates anatomical features unique to sea urchins,' and Full Story


Many of us thought we'd be riding around in AI-driven cars by now -- so what happened?

IDEAS.TED.COM | November 6, 2019

Car manufacturers know: There?s a huge amount of interest in AI-driven cars. Many people would love to automate the task of driving, because they find it tedious or at times impossible. A competent AI driver would have lightning-fast reflexes, would never weave or drift in its lane, and would never drive aggressively. An AI driver would never get tired and could take the wheel for endless hours while we humans nap or party. While AI does need huge volumes of data to program and guide it, that shouldn?t be a problem. Full Story


What Is the Uncanny Valley?

IEEE Spectrum | November 6, 2019

Have you ever encountered a lifelike humanoid robot or a realistic computer-generated face that seem a bit off or unsettling, though you can't quite explain why? Take for instance AVA, one of the "digital humans" created by New Zealand tech startup Soul Machines as an on-screen avatar for Autodesk. Watching a lifelike digital being such as AVA can be both fascinating and disconcerting. AVA expresses empathy through her demeanor and movements: slightly raised brows, a tilt of the head, a nod. Full Story


Mutations linked to expression of genes associated with complex traits

Medical Press | November 6, 2019

Hard-to-study mutations in the human genome, called short tandem repeats, known as STRs or microsatellites, are implicated in the expression of genes associated with complex traits including schizophrenia, inflammatory bowel disease and even height and intelligence. That's the conclusion of a study published in the Nov. 1 issue of Nature Genetics by a team of researchers at the University of California San Diego. They were led by Melissa Gymrek, a UC San Diego professor of computer science and medicine, and Alon Goren, a UC San Diego professor of medicine. Full Story


More Fungi Live in Urban Homes Than in Jungle Huts

Futurity | November 6, 2019

The differences between living in city apartments and in jungle huts that are open to nature may profoundly affect our health, according to the new study. Full Story


The Hunt for Life Beyond Earth Begins in the Oceans

Union Tribune | November 5, 2019

If life can survive in the harshest spots on Earth, could it exist in other parts of the solar system? Full Story


William Sandborn, MD: Updates From ACG 2019

MD Magazine | November 5, 2019

William Sandborn, MD, chief of the division of gastroenterology at the University of California, San Diego, explained in an interview with MD Magazine® some of the crucial studies presented during the meeting. Full Story


Another super suction cup channels the spirit of the clingfish

New Atlas | October 29, 2019

It was just a few weeks ago that we heard how scientists from the University of Washington had developed a highly-effective suction cup inspired by the humble clingfish. Well, researchers at the University of California-San Diego have taken a different approach to create one of their own, and they've even used it on an underwater robot. Full Story


"Smart" pacifier designed to measure babies' glucose levels

New Atlas | October 23, 2019

Because of infants' soft, sensitive skin, it's generally not a good idea to rig them up with medical biosensors that are taped directly to their body. Scientists have therefore developed what could be an alternative, in the form a pacifier that measures glucose levels within the tykes' saliva. The proof-of-concept device was created by a team led by Prof. Joseph Wang of the University of California-San Diego, and Prof. Alberto Escarpa from Spain's University of Alcalá. Full Story


Chinese scientists design robotic catheter to rescue endangered northern white rhinoceros

The China press | October 23, 2019

The last male northern white rhinoceros in the world died last year. Now there are only two female northern white rhinoceros left in the world. The San Diego Zoo in Southern California and the University of California San Diego have partnered to help save the Northern White Rhinoceros from extinction. UC San Diego engineers originally planned to design flexible robotic catheters for human colonoscopy. But reproductive scientists at the San Diego Zoo found that these robotic instruments could be used to help save endangered animals. Full Story


Changing Hydration from Guessing Game to a Science

San Diego Business Journal | October 22, 2019

Hydrostasis, a hydration monitoring startup founded by a UC San Diego Bioengineering alumna, gets a boost from a partnership between the Institute for the Global Entrepreneur and the Altman Clinical and Translational Research Institute. Full Story


Mathematicians Begin to Tame Wild 'Sunflower' Problem

Quanta Magazine | October 21, 2019

A team of mathematicians and computer scientists has finally made progress on a seemingly simple problem that has bedeviled researchers for nearly six decades. Posed by the mathematicians Paul Erdos and Richard Rado in 1960, the problem concerns how often you would expect to find patterns resembling sunflowers in large collections of objects, such as a large scattering of points in the plane. While the new result doesn't fully solve Erdos and Rado's sunflower conjecture, it advances the mathematical understanding of how surprisingly intricate structures emerge out of randomness. Full Story


Conference on Collaborative Robots, Advanced Vision and Artificial Intelligence Comes to San Jose November 12-13

Yahoo! Finance | October 17, 2019

Automation experts--and those who want to explore how to grow their business with the latest trends and innovations--will descend on San Jose November 12-13 for the Collaborative Robots, Advanced Vision & AI (CRAV.ai) Conference. Sponsored by the Association for Advancing Automation (A3), this conference is ideal for engineers and manufacturers seeking effective ways to reduce cost, improve quality and advance productivity, while increasing flexibility. CRAV.ai also holds appeal for experienced users seeking new applications or prospective users trying to determine if robotics, Full Story


Peeing Your Pants After Pregnancy Is Preventable

New York Times | Parenting | October 17, 2019

Stress urinary incontinence may be a side effect of giving birth, but several treatment options can help clear it up. Full Story


Armoured scales that protect huge Amazonian fish from piranhas reveal their secrets

Chemistry World | October 16, 2019

The scales of Arapaima gigas -- one of the largest freshwater fish on Earth -- have been revealed to be one of the toughest flexible materials found in nature. The discovery by a team of researchers based in California points to a way of improving lightweight armour. However, shortcomings in 3D printing means that scaly bulletproof vests may be a while off yet. Full Story


EVs to the rescue: Lessons from a California blackout

Freight Waves | October 16, 2019

When the lights went out in California last week, one resident used the power stored in his electric vehicle (EV) to keep his oxygen machine up and running. That story, repeated with variations around the state, called attention to a vision of the future where people use their electric cars and trucks to power homes and businesses. "If we cannot get power from the original source, we can use local generation," said Gil Tal, director of the Plug-in Hybrid & Electric Vehicle (PH&EV) Research Center at UC Davis. "The electric vehicle is one way to make the grid more reliable." Full Story


Uncovering the Secrets of the Toughest Fish Scales on Earth

Courthouse News Service | October 16, 2019

The exceedingly rare and massive Arapaima gigas fish, which is also known as the South American pirarucu, can grow to lengths of 15 feet and develop multilayered scales -- some as thick as a grain of rice. The species developed its scales over time in order to protect itself from grisly piranhas lurking in its habitat. Engineers from the University of California, Berkeley, and UC San Diego, who specialize in developing synthetic armors, began studying the arapaima after struggling to create a tough, yet flexible material. Full Story


This Huge Amazonian Fish that Lives in Piranha-Infested Waters Has Some of the Toughest Scales on the Planet

Newsweek | October 16, 2019

Scientists who studied why the scales of a huge Amazonian fish, which lives piranha-infested waters, are some of the toughest in the world hope their work could help to create armor. In order to survive in lakes of the Amazon, the arapaima fish has evolved armor-like scales. The creature can grow up to 3 meters long, weigh 200kg and is thought to be the largest freshwater fish in the world, study co-author Wen Yang of the University of California, San Diego, Department of Nanoengineering, told Newsweek. Full Story


Amazon fish wears nature's 'bullet-proof vest' to thwart piranhas

Reuters | October 16, 2019

One of the world's largest freshwater fish is protected by the natural equivalent of a "bullet-proof vest," helping it thrive in the dangerous waters of the Amazon River basin with flexible armor-like scales able to withstand ferocious piranha attacks. Researchers from the University of California San Diego and University of California Berkeley on Wednesday described the unique structure and impressive properties of the dermal armor of the fish, called Arapaima gigas. They said their findings can help guide development of better body armor for people as well as applications in aerospace desig Full Story


This Technique Can Make It Easier for AI to Understand Videos

WIRED | October 15, 2019

You could spend the rest of your life trying to watch all the video footage posted on YouTube in a day. Researchers want to let AI watch and make sense of it instead. A group from MIT and IBM developed an algorithm capable of accurately recognizing actions in videos while consuming a small fraction of the processing power previously required. Xiaolong Wang, who specializes in using deep learning on video and who will become an assistant professor at UC San Diego next year, says the new work is impressive, but warns that AI algorithms do not truly understand what's going on in a video. Full Story


As Investigators Attempt To Determine The Cause Of The Saddleridge Fire, PG&E Continues To Face Backlash For Outages

89.3 KPCC | October 15, 2019

The cause of last week's fast-moving Saddle Ridge fire is under investigation. It started under a Southern California Edison transmission line, but investigators are trying to determine how. The stakes are high not just for Edison and its potential financial liability, but for residents concerned about the threshold for precautionary outages. In Northern California, PG&E's aggressive approach to shutoffs is being roundly criticized by Governor Newsom and the state Public Utilities Commission. Full Story


As Investigators Attempt To Determine The Cause Of The Saddleridge Fire, PG&E Continues To Face Backlash For Outages

89.3 KPCC | October 15, 2019

The cause of last week's fast-moving Saddle Ridge fire is under investigation. It started under a Southern California Edison transmission line, but investigators are trying to determine how. The stakes are high not just for Edison and its potential financial liability, but for residents concerned about the threshold for precautionary outages. In Northern California, PG&E's aggressive approach to shutoffs is being roundly criticized by Governor Newsom and the state Public Utilities Commission. They're critical of how long the outages lasted, the way residents were informed, Full Story


Inside NASA's plan to use Martian dirt to build houses on Mars

Popular Science | October 14, 2019

Jeffrey Montes stands high on a ladder in the middle of a dirt-floored arena, squinting at the oculus of what looks like the world's largest vase. His khakis and black t-shirt are remarkably tidy for someone deploying red goo to build a one-third scale model of what might someday be a home on Mars. Cleanliness happens when you outsource the dirty work to a robot. Montes and his colleagues at architecture firm AI SpaceFactory are in a ­cavernous exhibition hall near Peoria, Illinois, to show NASA how astronauts could use 3D printing and Martian materials to make houses on the Red Planet. Full Story


Soft, flesh-like robot actuators will make bots more lifelike than ever

Inverse | October 11, 2019

While advances in machine learning may make the robot apocalypse seem imminent, we can at least rest easy knowing that these robots are still too clunky and too slow to really chase us down. But, that comfort may one day come to an end, thanks to new research that shows a proof-of-concept design for flexible, muscle like robotic limbs. The research describes an approach to building robotic limbs that sandwiches electric heating wires between thin pieces of a material called liquid crystal elastomers, and rolls the resulting composite into cylinders to form robotic actuators. Full Story


Secret Service Leads Task Force Trained to Fight Credit Card Skimmers

NBC San Diego | October 11, 2019

When the agency responsible for protecting the President of the United States tells you to pay attention when paying at the gas pump, you might want to listen up. The U.S. Secret Service says there are more credit card skimmers out there than ever before, and the agency is leading a special task force in San Diego focused on finding them. The San Diego Electronic Crimes Task Force is just 2 years old. It brings together local law enforcement, banks, research universities, and even big retail stores together to defeat criminal electronics that can fit in your pocket. Full Story


Future subs might become very 'squid-like'

Asia Times | October 7, 2019

The "jet age" began either in 1939, with the first flight of the Heinkel He 178, or over 500 million years ago, with the evolution of cephalopods powered by jet propulsion. Under water, jets are a less efficient means of locomotion than fin-based propulsion, but it does offer great advantages in maneuverability, as bursts enable the fast approaches of predator and the hasty escapes of prey. Now a study, "Fluid-structure investigation of a squid-inspired swimmer" -- published Oct. 1, 2019, in the journal Physics of Fluids -- looks at how squid-like propulsive systems can be modeled and, Full Story


What's Next for Human Breast Milk?

San Diego Magazine | October 4, 2019

San Diego researchers are taking a close look into why break milk is so nutritious?and investigating how to make those nutrients stretch further Full Story


Is squid-inspired propulsion all it's kraken up to be?

C4ISR NET | October 4, 2019

The "jet age" began either in 1939, with the first flight of the Heinkel He 178, or over 500 million years ago, with the evolution of cephalopods powered by jet propulsion. Under water, jets are a less efficient means of locomotion than fin-based propulsion, but it does offer great advantages in maneuverability, as bursts enable the fast approaches of predator and the hasty escapes of prey. Now a study, "Fluid-structure investigation of a squid-inspired swimmer" -- published Oct. 1, 2019, in the journal Physics of Fluids -- looks at how squid-like propulsive systems can be modeled and, Full Story


Squid-like robot may lead to new propulsion systems

Electronics 360, IEEE GlobalSpec | October 2, 2019

Researchers are developing new aquatic robots that mimic the movement of squids in order to test how the devices could be used to develop a new form of propulsion. Researchers at the University of California at San Diego used simulations to illustrate the fluid mechanics of a squid?s swimming method, which uses intermittent bursts through pulsed jet propulsion. Using this type of locomotion, the robot can move extremely fast as it sucks water into a pressure chamber and then ejects it. Full Story


Squid-like robot may lead to new propulsion systems

Electronics 360, IEEE GlobalSpec | October 2, 2019

Researchers are developing new aquatic robots that mimic the movement of squids in order to test how the devices could be used to develop a new form of propulsion. Researchers at the University of California at San Diego used simulations to illustrate the fluid mechanics of a squid's swimming method, which uses intermittent bursts through pulsed jet propulsion. Using this type of locomotion, the robot can move extremely fast as it sucks water into a pressure chamber and then ejects it. Full Story


Squid-like robot may lead to new propulsion systems

Electronics 360 | October 2, 2019

Researchers are developing new aquatic robots that mimic the movement of squids in order to test how the devices could be used to develop a new form of propulsion. Researchers at the University of California at San Diego used simulations to illustrate the fluid mechanics of a squid?s swimming method, which uses intermittent bursts through pulsed jet propulsion. Using this type of locomotion, the robot can move extremely fast as it sucks water into a pressure chamber and then ejects it. Full Story


Cannibalistic Cancer, Protection from 'Blast Belly' and Chicken Inner Space: Science GIFs to Start Your Week

Scientific American | September 30, 2019

This GIF comes from an effort to understand supersonic blast waves?and ultimately protect people from their devastating effects. To make the video, researchers at the University of California, San Diego, created an explosion. Full Story


U.S. Steps Up Scrutiny of Airplane Cybersecurity

The Wall Street Journal | September 29, 2019

Concerns that planes could be targeted in cyberattacks are prompting U.S. officials to re-energize efforts to identify airliners? vulnerability to hacking. The revived program, led by the Department of Homeland Security and involving the Pentagon and Transportation Department, aims to identify cybersecurity risks in aviation and improve U.S. cyber resilience in a critical area of public infrastructure, a DHS official said. DHS is offering few details on the program but says it will involve some limited testing of actual aircraft. Full Story


UC San Diego's Enlace STEM program bridges two countries

CBS 8 | September 28, 2019

In a unique program, a love for science goes beyond borders. Full Story


Researchers Build Robot from Multiple 3D-Printed Smaller Ones

Unite.AI | September 28, 2019

Researchers from Georgia Institute of Technology have built a robot that consists entirely of smaller ones known as "smarticles." This new locomotion technique challenges the conventional way of creating robots from motors, batteries, actuators, body segments, legs, and wheels. The new research was supported by the Army Research Office, the National Science Foundation, and researchers from Northwestern University. It was published in the journal Science Robotics. These 3D-printed smart active particles can only perform the function of flapping their two arms. Full Story


Researchers Build Robot from Multiple 3D-Printed Smaller Ones

UNITE.AI | September 28, 2019

Researchers from Georgia Institute of Technology have built a robot that consists entirely of smaller ones known as "smarticles." This new locomotion technique challenges the conventional way of creating robots from motors, batteries, actuators, body segments, legs, and wheels. The new research was supported by the Army Research Office, the National Science Foundation, and researchers from Northwestern University. It was published in the journal Science Robotics. Full Story


Shipwreck Montana damaged in storm

thr Royal Gazette | September 26, 2019

An iconic shipwreck was badly damaged as a result of Hurricane Humberto. The Montana, a paddle steamer and civil war blockade runner, which was wrecked off Bermuda's North Shore in 1863, forms an important part of Bermuda's maritime cultural heritage. Chris Gauntlett, the chairman of the Historic Wrecks Authority, who has visited the site to witness the impact of last Wednesday's storm, told The Royal Gazette: "It looks like a bomb hit it -- it is very, very different." Full Story


What's behind the world's largest crowd-sourced microbiome project?

Select Science | September 26, 2019

A sneak-peek into the busiest microbiome laboratory: what technologies assist large projects and what happens to all the data from thousands of samples Full Story


Health Short: New treatment emerging for heart attacks

Herald Tribune | September 24, 2019

A heart attack treatment from San Diego researchers has shown evidence of safety in a human study, along with early signs that it might be effective. The treatment is a liquid that turns into a gel when injected into the heart. It provides a scaffold for new cells to take hold and repair the heart. By encouraging growth of new muscle, the treatment, called VentriGel, is intended to reduce scar formation and increase cardiac muscle. Since scar tissue doesn't contract, the burden of pumping is increased for the rest of the heart. Over time, the heart enlarges and begins to pump less efficiently Full Story


Tesla May Soon Have a Battery That Can Last a Million Miles

WIRED | September 23, 2019

Shirley Meng, who runs the Laboratory for Energy Storage and Conversion at the UC San Diego, says many electric vehicle companies are pursuing batteries with higher nickel content than what Dahn's paper and patent describe. That approach can boost the energy density of a battery. Meng says the next step is to merge those higher-density designs with some high-performing mix of electrolytes and additives. Whether it's the formula Dahn's group perfected is an open question. Full Story


Shape-shifting robot built from 'smarticles' shows new locomotion strategy

Engineers Journal | September 23, 2019

Building conventional robots typically requires carefully combining components like motors, batteries, actuators, body segments, legs and wheels - but now researchers have taken a new approach, building a robot entirely from smaller robots known as 'smarticles' to unlock the principles of a potentially new locomotion technique. The 3D-printed smarticles - short for smart active particles - can do just one thing: flap their two arms. But when five of these smarticles are confined in a circle, they begin to nudge one another, forming a robophysical system known as a 'supersmarticle' Full Story


UC San Diego team finds way to reduce health risks associated with red meat

10 News San Diego | September 23, 2019

UC San Diego School of Medicine researchers believe they have discovered a way to reduce what they describe as health risks associated with red meat. Full Story


US Robotics Roadmap Reaches New Heights in the Windy City

Grainger College of Engineering, CS | September 20, 2019

Earlier this month, amidst towering Windy City skyscrapers and overlooking the Chicago River, some of the brightest minds in the robotics community came together for the US Robotics Roadmap's Chicago Workshop. The goal of this gathering of visionaries? To discuss the exciting future of robotics and how the field will continue to shape society and empower people in their everyday lives. The workshop, which was hosted by Illinois Computer Science Department Head Nancy M. Amato at the U of I's Illini Center from September 11-12, brought together leading robotics researchers from academia, Full Story


50 Most Popular AI - Influencers of North America

Ai Thority | September 20, 2019

It has been more than six decades since the concept of Artificial Intelligence has transformed from imagination to an academic discipline. Influencers, especially those active on social media help give direction to the policymakers and academicians. They keep common men updated on the trends and 'what is what' in AI, Machine Learning and associated concepts like Big Data and BlockChain. AiThority introduces you to the 50 most popular AI-influencers of North America. Full Story


Pink sea urchins have self-sharpening TEETH that break bits off regularly to stay razor sharp, scientists find

Daily Mail UK | September 19, 2019

Treading on the spiky shell of a sea urchin is a constant worry for even the most dauntless ocean swimmer. But while it is the long skin-puncturing spines which makes them so recognizable, they have also been revealed to possess another pointy-edged body part. Biologists have found that the creatures are equipped with self-sharpening teeth. In the same way in which cutting a knife will sharpen the blade, the teeth of pink sea urchins are purposefully designed to slightly erode and give it a more jagged point. Full Story


Pink sea urchin boasts self-sharpening teeth

UPI | September 18, 2019

The teeth of the pink sea urchin never get dull, according to a new study that determined the creatures boast teeth that sharpen themselves. At the center of the pink sea urchin's spiked, globular body are five teeth, each anchored to a separate jaw. Unlike the teeth of most other animals, which either withstand wear or fall out and are replaced, the sea urchin's teeth sharpen themselves. A close examination of a sea urchin tooth showed it is designed to maintain a sharp edge as fragments of the tooth get chipped away. Full Story


Rock-munching sea urchins have self-sharpening teeth

ScienceMag AAAS | September 18, 2019

Sea urchins' spines aren't the only sharp part of their prickly bodies. The sea creatures' five razorlike teeth (above) are self-sharpening--and a new study suggests scientists may be able to harness this power to make cutting-edge tools that rarely require extra honing. Sea urchins are well known for their ability to chomp through just about anything; they use their small, star-shaped mouths to crunch on brittle starfish, coral reefs, or even rocks. Scientists long suspected the urchins' ceramic teeth sharpened themselves, but no one could figure out exactly how they did it. Full Story


New Research Suggests Probiotics Could Play A Part In The Treatment Of PCOS

Women's Health | September 18, 2019

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (aka, PCSOS) affects up to 21 per cent of all women of childbearing age. That?s one in five females suffering from weight gain, acne and irregular periods (or none at all). Pretty concerning considering there?s no known cure. There have been promising advances in terms of treatment though - especially when it comes to gut health. Full Story


Material to Repair Cardiac Tissue Damaged by Heart Attacks Passes First Clinical Trial

Med Gadget | September 17, 2019

Ventrix, a spin-off company of the University of California San Diego, has developed a special hydrogel that can be injected into the heart to provide a platform for cardiac repair following a heart attack. The technology was just tested in humans for the first time as part of an FDA-approved Phase 1 clinical trial. Though limited in size, the study pointed to the safety of the hydrogel and there are definite signs that it helps to improve cardiac function. The hydrogel is produced from the extracellular matrix of pig hearts in a special procedure that decellularizes heart tissue Full Story


Groovy solution to explosion protection

The Engineer | September 16, 2019

Undergraduate researchers in the structural engineering laboratory of Prof Veronica Eliasson at the University of California San Diego made two related discoveries that could lead to major changes in how buildings are protected. Full Story


Heart attack treatment gel shows safety in early human study

Herald-Mail Media | September 16, 2019

A heart attack treatment from San Diego researchers has shown evidence of safety in a human study, along with early signs that it might be effective. The treatment from the company Ventrix is a liquid that turns into a gel when injected into the heart. It provides a scaffold for new cells to take hold and repair the heart. By encouraging growth of new muscle, the treatment, called VentriGel, is intended to reduce scar formation and increase cardiac muscle. Since scar tissue doesn't contract, the burden of pumping is increased for the rest of the heart. Full Story


Heart attack treatment gel shows safety in early human study

The San Diego Union Tribune | September 16, 2019

A heart attack treatment from San Diego's Ventrix showed evidence of safety in a human study, along with early signs that it might be effective. The treatment is a liquid that turns into a gel when injected into the heart. It provides a scaffold for new cells to take hold and repair the heart.By encouraging growth of new muscle, the treatment, called VentriGel, is intended to reduce scar formation and increase cardiac muscle. Since scar tissue doesn't contract, the burden of pumping is increased for the rest of the heart. Full Story


Heart attack treatment gel shows safety in early human study

Bakersfield.com | September 16, 2019

A heart attack treatment from San Diego researchers has shown evidence of safety in a human study, along with early signs that it might be effective. The treatment from the company Ventrix is a liquid that turns into a gel when injected into the heart. It provides a scaffold for new cells to take hold and repair the heart. By encouraging growth of new muscle, the treatment, called VentriGel, is intended to reduce scar formation and increase cardiac muscle. Since scar tissue doesn?t contract, the burden of pumping is increased for the rest of the heart. Full Story


Heart attack treatment gel shows safety in early human study

The Baltimore Sun | September 16, 2019

A heart attack treatment from San Diego's Ventrix showed evidence of safety in a human study, along with early signs that it might be effective. The treatment is a liquid that turns into a gel when injected into the heart. It provides a scaffold for new cells to take hold and repair the heart. By encouraging growth of new muscle, the treatment, called VentriGel, is intended to reduce scar formation and increase cardiac muscle. Since scar tissue doesn't contract, the burden of pumping is increased for the rest of the heart. Full Story


Will AI Be Fashion Forward--or a Fashion Flop?

Singularity Hub | September 15, 2019

The narrative that often accompanies most stories about artificial intelligence these days is how machines will disrupt any number of industries, from healthcare to transportation. It makes sense. After all, technology already drives many of the innovations in these sectors of the economy. But sneakers and the red carpet? The definitively low-tech fashion industry would seem to be one of the last to turn over its creative direction to data scientists and machine learning algorithms. Full Story


IEEE Ranks Robot Creepiness: Sophia Is Not Even Close to the Top

Synced Review | September 13, 2019

Since its first appearance in 2016, the humanoid bot Sophia has become something of a celebrity. Sophia's android body and face are realistic to the point that some say "she" makes then feel uncomfortable. This uneasiness triggered by hyperrealistic humanoid bots has been dubbed the "uncanny valley" -- a concept attributed to Japanese robotics researcher Masahiro Mori and popularized in Jasia Reichardt's 1978 book Robots: Fact, Fiction, and Prediction. Empowered by advances in AI and robotics tech, the machines that populate the "uncanny valley" continue to grow in number and -- many believe Full Story


Full interview: ROBO Global assessing the new 'mega-trends' in AI and robotics

Proactive Investors UK | September 12, 2019

Proactive London speaks to ROBO Global's director of research Jeremie Capron and co-founder Dr Henrik Christensen. Henrik is an active member of the ROBO Global Strategic Advisory Board. Capron joined ROBO Global in 2017 with more than ten years of experience as an equity research analyst in Asia, Europe and the United States, with a focus on industrial technology. Full Story


Fighting Heart Disease With Pigs? San Diego Researchers Develop New Cardiac Therapy

KPBS | September 11, 2019

Randall Newman and his wife went on an 8-mile bike ride just days before he started feeling strange. "My arms started tingling, that's when I was like this isn't right," Newman said. Newman had a heart attack five years ago when he was 62. He said the heart attack was a surprise because he was normally feeling healthy. He wanted to try everything he thought could help him get better, including new therapies. "You know, try it," Newman said. "Everything can help to get your heart back to where it was," One of the things he was willing to try was pig hearts. Full Story


Ventrix touts first-in-human study of hydrogel to repair heart muscle

+Mass Device | September 11, 2019

Bio-scaffold startup Ventrix said today it has safely conducted a first-in-human trial of an injectable hydrogel to repair cardiac tissue in patients who have suffered a heart attack. The FDA-approved, Phase 1 trial is the first to test a hydrogel made from the natural scaffolding of cardiac muscle tissue, also known as extracellular matrix, or ECM, according to the San Diego-based company. ECM hydrogels have shown some effectiveness in preclinical studies for other conditions, such as poor blood circulation due to peripheral artery disease. Full Story


Fighting Heart Disease With Pigs? San Diego Researchers Develop New Cardiac Therapy

KPBS.org | September 11, 2019

At her lab at UC San Diego in La Jolla, biomedical engineer Karen Christman grinds up chemically altered pig heart tissue. This material is no longer a collection of cells. It's been ground up and turned into a fine powder. When she adds water to this material, it creates a hydrogel. "Hydrogel is basically a physical material that's gel-like or water-swollen," Christman said. "So the best example of a hydrogel-- not one we use -- is jello." After a heart attack, the heart tissue is damaged and it forms a scar. Full Story


What really weakens lithium battery efficiency?

Physics World | September 6, 2019

Powering devices as small as smartphones to those as large as electric vehicles, the rechargeable battery is a familiar technology to consumers. Work in the field of battery research continues, however, as researchers struggle to improve the efficiency and longevity of rechargeable batteries. State-of-the art Li-ion batteries offer fast charging but suffer from low power density. Research has therefore focused on optimization of battery anodes, cathodes, electrolytes, and even on replacement of lithium itself with other metals like sodium. Full Story


UCSD Spinout Genemo Launches Extracellular RNA-seq Service

Genome Web | September 6, 2019

Genemo, a California startup, has launched an extracellular RNA sequencing service that it hopes to develop into companion diagnostics. The firm, a University of California, San Diego spinout, began offering its small-input liquid volume extracellular RNA sequencing (SILVER-seq) service last week. "It measures extracellular RNA from a droplet of blood" or saliva, according to Sheng Zhong, a professor of bioengineering at UCSD and Genemo's founder. Full Story


Thieves have been stealing credit card info at gas pumps. Now there's an app to foil them.

Marketplace | September 6, 2019

Last year, law enforcement officials found more than a thousand gas pumps nationwide that had been fitted with "skimmers" -- electronic devices that record credit card numbers and, in some cases, transmit them wirelessly over Bluetooth to a criminal's computer. This could have serious financial consequences for gas stations starting next year, when a law will require them to either spend thousands of dollars to install pumps that read the more-secure chips in credit cards or be liable for fraudulent charges. A new smartphone application could help law enforcement find skimmers Full Story


Thieves have been stealing credit card info at gas pumps. Now there's an app to foil them.

Marketplace | September 6, 2019

Last year, law enforcement officials found more than a thousand gas pumps nationwide that had been fitted with "skimmers" -- electronic devices that record credit card numbers and, in some cases, transmit them wirelessly over Bluetooth to a criminal's computer. This could have serious financial consequences for gas stations starting next year, when a law will require them to either spend thousands of dollars to install pumps that read the more-secure chips in credit cards or be liable for fraudulent charges. A new smartphone application could help law enforcement find skimmers Full Story


From rock/paper/scissors to new cancer-fighting concept from UCSD scientists

San Diego Union-Tribune | September 6, 2019

Using a concept from a children's game, UC San Diego synthetic biology scientists say they've found a new approach to make genetically engineered bacteria more suitable for delivering drugs for diseases such as cancer. Full Story


From rock/paper/scissors to new cancer-fighting concept from UCSD scientists

The San Diego Union Tribune | September 6, 2019

Using a concept from a children's game, UC San Diego synthetic biology scientists say they've found a new approach to make genetically engineered bacteria more suitable for delivering drugs for diseases such as cancer. While the method has been only demonstrated in cell cultures, work is now under way to test it in animals, and if feasible, in people. Researchers led by Jeff Hasty genetically engineered three strains of bacterial rivals that compete according to the principles in "rock/paper/scissors." One strain can kill a second strain, but is killed by the third. Full Story


Researchers Receive $3.1M to Study Heart Condition

NBC San Diego | September 4, 2019

An international effort led by UC San Diego and Rady Children's Hospital researchers recently landed a $3.1 million grant to search for better ways of treating a pediatric heart condition. They're taking aim at Tetralogy of Fallot, a combination of four congenital heart defects. These defects cause oxygen-poor blood to flow out of the heart and to the rest of the body. Those with the condition typically undergo surgery before six months of age, and then another treatment once a toddler. But interventions can enlarge the right ventricle in the heart, increasing the likelihood of heart failure Full Story


Researchers Receive $3.1M to Study Heart Condition

San Diego Business Journal | September 4, 2019

(requires a subscription) An international effort led by UC San Diego and Rady Children's Hospital researchers recently landed a $3.1 million grant to search for better ways of treating a pediatric heart condition. Full Story


Crack-free ceramic welding at room temperature is a first

Physics World | August 31, 2019

A low-power pulsed laser has been used to weld ceramic materials together in room-temperature environments for the first time. The technique, demonstrated by Javier Garay at the University of California, San Diego and colleagues, could bring about diverse new applications for electronic and optoelectronic devices. Full Story


Welding with Pulsed Lasers Protects Temperature-Sensitive Materials

Photonics.com | August 29, 2019

A new ceramic welding technology developed by engineers at the University of California, San Diego and the University of California, Riverside uses a series of short, ultrafast laser pulses to melt ceramic materials along the interface between two ceramic parts and fuse them together. Heat builds up only at the interface, so the melting is localized. The researchers call their method "ultrafast pulsed laser welding." Full Story


California team tailors ultrafast laser pulse train to weld ceramics

Optics.org | August 28, 2019

Engineers at the University of California San Diego believe they have made an important breakthrough for manufacturing ceramic materials, showing for the first time that certain types can be welded using pulses from an ultrafast fiber laser. While ceramics can be melted in high-temperature furnaces or using high-power continuous-wave lasers, conventional joining methods create so much heat that they cannot be used in close proximity to temperature-sensitive polymers or electronic components. That could now change. Full Story


Researchers Get Closer to Design of 'Get Up and Go' Printed Robots

Design News | August 28, 2019

One of the goals of robotics researchers is to achieve 3D printing of a soft robot with self-actuation that can be fabricated and then immediately walk away from the printer as a fully functioning machine. Researchers at the University of California San Diego believe they are a step closer to designing these so-called "get up and go robots" by embedding complex sensors into robotic limbs and grippers using a commercial 3D printer. Full Story


Cause Of Lithium Metal Battery Failure May Be Solved By New Study

Inside EVs | August 27, 2019

Lithium metal batteries are a big promise. They could have twice the energy density of today's lithium-ion batteries. You know where that leads us: to EVs that weigh less and can go further. But they used to fail. Researchers from the Jacobs School of Engineering, at the University of California San Diego, believe they have found the reason. Full Story


New macro chip is an advancement in artificial intelligence

KUSI News | August 26, 2019

Silicon Valley startup Cerebras has created a macro chip in the hopes of creating artificial intelligence. The chip is about 9 inches long and could be the future of powering devices like cell phones and computers. UC San Diego Professor Farinaz Koushanfar was at KUSI to discuss what this chip means for the future of technology. Full Story


Lasers Enable Welding of Ceramics

Optics & Photonics News | August 23, 2019

Welded metal joints hold much of the industrial world together, and high-power lasers have revolutionized this type of welding over the past half century. Yet another important class of industrial materials--ceramics--stubbornly resist reliable welding using standard techniques. That difficulty has limited the use of ceramics in some important spheres, such as consumer electronics and medical devices, where these tough workhorse materials might be quite useful. Now, UC San Diego researchers may have resolved this conundrum--by putting ultrafast pulsed lasers and nonlinear optics on the case. Full Story


Welding Ceramics With a Laser

Inside Science | August 22, 2019

The process of making ceramics puts limitations on their use. Currently, ceramics are made by firing up a kiln and hardening them at temperatures up to a couple of thousand degrees Fahrenheit. Let's say that you want to encase a biomedical device in a ceramic capsule for implantation in a patient's body -- the temperature during the baking process would cook the electronics to a crisp. Now, researchers have developed a way to weld ceramics together using tightly focused, ultrafast laser pulses. Full Story


UC San Diego researchers develop wearable cooling, heating patch

ABC 10 News | August 22, 2019

Imagine having the power to change your body's temperature at any time, regardless of how hot or cold it actually is. UC San Diego engineers are on they're way to doing just that, with a wearable patch. Like a thermostat, it can be changed to a specific temperature, warming or cooling the body, using far less energy than an air conditioning system. "Cooling is a really important issue faced by society today" said UC San Diego mechanical engineering professor Renkun Chen. Full Story


Ultrafast lasers weld ceramics together at room temperature

New Atlas | August 22, 2019

In theory, ceramics are great materials for encasing electronics. They're tough, they insulate against electricity, protect against heat, and in the case of implants in the body, they're biocompatible. The problem is that fusing ceramics together requires high heat, which would destroy electronic components. Now, researchers have developed a new way to weld ceramics together at room temperature, using ultrafast laser pulses. Full Story


Meet Bluetana, the Scourge of Pump Skimmers

Krebs on Security | August 19, 2019

"Bluetana," a new mobile app that looks for Bluetooth-based payment card skimmers hidden inside gas pumps, is helping police and state employees more rapidly and accurately locate compromised fuel stations across the nation, a study released this week suggests. Data collected in the course of the investigation also reveals some fascinating details that may help explain why these pump skimmers are so lucrative and ubiquitous. The new app, now being used by agencies in several states, is the brainchild of computer scientists from the University of California San Diego and the Univ. of Illinois Full Story


Bluetooth Enabled Gas Pump Skimmer Detector Is The App You Need

International Business Times | August 16, 2019

Finally, an app that is able to detect the presence of a Bluetooth-enabled gas pump credit card skimmer has just been developed. Detection of the Bluetooth enabled gas pump skimmer will no longer be a challenge for credit card and ATM users. Thanks to the group of scientists from the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign and the University of California, San Diego who just found a way to put a stop to the fraud. The team of scientists from the abovementioned universities developed an app they called Bluetana. Full Story


Three-atom thick optical waveguide is the thinnest ever

Physics World | August 15, 2019

Researchers have succeeded in making the thinnest ever optical device in the form of a waveguide just three atomic layers thick. The device could lead to the development of higher density optoelectronic chips. Optical waveguides are crucial components in data communication technologies but scaling them down to the nanoscale has proved to be no easy task, despite important advances in nano-optics and nanomaterials. Indeed, the thinnest waveguide used in commercial applications today is hundreds of nanometres thick and researchers are studying nanowire waveguides down to 50 nm in the laboratory. Full Story


Researchers just created a robotic lens that can be controlled by the eyes

The Washington Post | August 15, 2019

When you're reading or squinting toward the horizon, your eyes adjust themselves involuntarily and instantaneously, thanks to tiny muscles inside the crystalline lens that bend and change its shape. This structure allows us to adjust the amount of light entering the eyes as it travels to the retina, where it is converted into an electrical signal that's transferred to the brain. UC San Diego researchers think there may be a day when our glasses and contact lenses can read and respond to these eye movements, adjusting in real time to the electrical signals created by the muscles in the lens. Full Story


New Research: Organizational Email Account Takeovers Push Lateral Phishing

Credit Union Times | August 15, 2019

Email account takeover and lateral phishing, where hackers use compromised accounts to distribute phishing emails to other recipients including company contacts and associates at other companies, present a growing organizational threat. Full Story


Bluetooth inspection app sniffs out card skimmers at gas pumps

Engadget | August 15, 2019

Gas stations are prime targets for credit card skimmers. A new app developed by scientists at the University of California San Diego can help law enforcement catch thieves before they take off with your card data. Known as Bluetana, the app works by detecting the Bluetooth signature of skimmers that are placed in the gas pumps. "All criminals have to do is download the data from the comfort of their vehicle," said Nishant Bhaskar, a Ph.D. student in computer science at the University of California San Diego who authored a study on the app. The Bluetana app aims to make life harder Full Story


U.S. researchers develop app for inspectors to detect gas pump skimmers

Xinhuanet North America | August 15, 2019

A team of U.S. computer scientists has developed an app that allows state and federal inspectors to detect devices that steal consumer credit and debit card data at gas pumps, according to a release of University of California, San Diego, on Wednesday. The devices, known as skimmers, use Bluetooth to transmit the data they steal. "All criminals have to do is download the data from the comfort of their vehicle," said Nishant Bhaskar, a Ph.D. student in computer science at the UC San Diego and the study's first author. The new app, called Bluetana Full Story


This Smartphone App Can Quickly Detect Invisible Gas Pump Card Skimmers

Gizmodo | August 15, 2019

Computer scientists at the University of California San Diego's Jacobs School of Engineering have developed a smartphone app that can quickly and accurately detect the presence of an illegal credit or debit card skimmer installed on a gas station pump, reducing inspection times from 30 minutes to just three seconds. Card skimmers are a problem on all kinds of devices requiring you to insert or slide your plastic, but for ATMs, which are nearly impossible to hack open, and payment terminals inside a store, external hardware has to be added which aren't that hard to spot Full Story


World's Thinnest Optical Waveguide Is Only Three Atoms Thick

IEEE Spectrum | August 14, 2019

In today's world of optical devices, thinner and smaller is better. The expectation is that miniaturization of optical devices will ultimately lead to higher density and higher capacity photonic chips. In this drive towards thinner and smaller in optical devices, optical waveguides--a key component in optical data communications systems--have remained a stubborn nut to crack. Now researchers at the University of California San Diego have developed an optical waveguide that consists of just three layers of atoms. Full Story


A new app can detect Bluetooth credit card skimmers on gas pumps

Tech Crunch | August 14, 2019

A team of computer scientists has built a new app that can wirelessly detect credit card skimmers, often found discreetly placed on gas pumps and bank ATMs. Gone are the days where entire card skimmers would take over the front facade of an entire cash machine. Credit card skimmers are tiny, almost invisible -- and many contain Bluetooth wireless capabilities, meaning skimming operators can install their credit card data-stealing skimmers just once and never have to take apart a gas pump again. Instead, criminals can just pull up in their car and wirelessly download the stolen card data. Full Story


Card skimmer app spots hacked gas pumps - but there's a catch

Slash Gear | August 14, 2019

An app which can spot credit card skimmers secretly installed on gas pumps has been developed, but don't go looking in the App Store to try to download it. Bluetana tackles the growing issue of credit and debit card theft, where tiny scanners are installed on the card reader and used to surreptitiously clone its details when customers go to pay for their gas. Full Story


Gas pump thieves should be very afraid of this security app that detects credit card skimmers

Fast Company | August 14, 2019

Credit card skimmers are the bane of pretty much everyone?s existence in this modern world. Even Batman's Bane probably hated them. Luckily, there's a new way to fight this particular crime, no masked avenger required. Bluetana is a new app that was built by a team of computer scientists at the University of California, San Diego; the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign; and the United States Secret Service, which designed it to wirelessly detect credit card skimmers that are hidden inside gas pumps or bank ATMs. Full Story


UC San Diego Develops App To Curb Card Skimmers At Gas Stations

KPBS | August 14, 2019

Despite San Diego's already high gas prices, consumers may unwittingly end up paying more at the pump. That's because the gas pump may have a Bluetooth skimmer -- technology that can scan credit and bank card numbers and transmit them over a wireless connection to a thief. Christopher Rohde of the U.S. Secret Service says skimmers aren't new. Physical skimmers have been placed on top of card scanners. But these Bluetooth variations can help criminals steal more information than before. They are embedded directly inside the pump and are harder to detect. Full Story